In its first year, it appears as a basal rosette of easily-broken, bristly, irregularly- [16] The seeds are dispersed by wind, mud, water, and possibly also by ants; they do not show significant long-term dormancy, most germinating soon after dispersal and only a few lasting up to four years in the soil seed bank. Photographer. Its leaves are grey-green and spiny, and its tall stems are winged, spiny and cottony. [13] Nitrogen-rich soils help increase its proliferation. Your email address will not be published. Cirsium vulgare, the spear thistle, bull thistle, or common thistle, is a species of the Asteraceae genus Cirsium, native throughout most of Europe (north to 66°N, locally 68°N), Western Asia (east to the Yenisei Valley), and northwestern Africa (Atlas Mountains). Most posts contain affiliate links. An equine nutritionist responds about the risks. Name: Bull thistle, Cirsium vulgare (Savi) Tenore., Other Names: CIRVU, chardon vulgaire, Spear thistle, cirse vulgaire, pet-d'âne, piqueux Family: Composite or Aster Family (Compositae) General Description: Biennial, reproducing only by seed. But thistle is an easy to identify genus and an easy to find plant. [citation needed], Other English names include bull thistle,[13][22] Scots, Scottish, or Scotch thistle, and common thistle. [13], Spear thistle is designated an "injurious weed" under the UK Weeds Act 1959,[18] and a noxious weed in Australia[17][19][20] and in nine US states. Synonymy: Carduus vulgaris Savi, Fl. Click here for instructions on how to enable JavaScript in your browser. Spear thistles are a biennial or annual thistle plant native to Europe, Asia and Northern Africa. It also represents one of the highest honours the country can give an individual. Marsh thistle looks somewhat like spear thistle at an initial glance, but without the large spines and leaf lobes, and usually with a thin, red, leaf margin. 5:209 (1835-36). In North America, they don’t have the great complex of insects and diseases that evolved with them overseas. Bull thistle is a widespread biennial thistle originally from Europe and Asia, but now introduced throughout North America. ‘Spear thistles’ are also known as ‘bull thistles’, ‘black thistles’,  ‘scotch thistles’  ‘Fuller’s thistles’, ‘swamp thistles’ and ‘common thistles’ among others. Bond, W., Davies, G., & Turner, R. J. Flowers heads appear from July to September with lilac-purple florets. Click here for instructions on how to enable JavaScript in your browser. The feature that really distinguishes Spear Thistle is its showy purple flowers surrounded by greenish spine tipped bracts. Spear thistle (Cirsium vulgare) buds, Dorset, England, UK, July. Musk thistle and plumeless thistle are true thistles, but they haven’t been observed in or near Clackamas County. Whittlesea's native vegetation. Its leaves are grey-green and spiny, and its tall stems are winged, spiny and cottony. [23] The dried florets steeped in water are used in rural Italy for curdling goats' milk in preparation for making cheese. Spear thistle. Citation: Ten., Fl. 2:241 (1798); C. lanceolatus L., Sp. Your efforts to remove the thistle from pastures are well worth your time, but complete eradication is difficult, especially with stressed pasture like you describe. PAY ATTENTION TO THE RISK INDICATIONS AND FOLLOW THE SAFETY PRECAUTIONS ON THE LABEL. Many folks can recognize the spiny thistle plants of summer field and roadside. Altervista Flora Italiana, Cardo asinino. Cirsium vulgare (bull thistle, common thistle, or spear thistle) is listed as a noxious weed in nine US states. Spear Thistle (Cirsium vulgare) Spear Thistle also has spiny winged stems but grow taller (to 2m). Spear thistle stems, flowers, roots, and seeds can be eaten and the stems and leaves can be peeled and then steamed or boiled. Spear thistle. What all these species have in common are those painfully spiny leaves and large heads of purple (or more … One of the easy-to-spot botanical differences between thistles and their numerous relatives in the daisy family, is that the overlapping bracts (involucre) found directly below the flowers of thistles, are always spiny. It has long green leaves (to 35mm) with many small prickles on their upper surface. Your email address will not be published. Pis. Pests, diseases and weeds - Department of Primary Industries. Some species in particular are cultivated in gardens and wildflower plantings for their aesthetic value and/or to support pollinators such as butterflies. In areas where it does not form monocultures it may also be welcome as a part of a meadow landscape. Defra, UK – Farming – Wildlife and plants. Spear thistles flower during spring to autumn, but only in their second year of growth. Widespread. THISTLE, SPEAR Botanical: Carduus lanceolatus Family: N.O. Images and key identification characteristics of the different members of the Thistle family of British wild flowers Spear thistle, (sometimes referred to as 'scotch thistle'), is an annual (living for one year) or biennial (living two years) herb, growing to 60 to 120 cm, and occasionally to 1.5 metres. August 11, 2020 buffalo airways net worth. Spear thistles are not used as weapons… but can hurt! [22], The stems can be peeled and then steamed or boiled. I accept that the fact that ammunition was not found in the house does not mean that Mr. McCloskey didn't in fact have full magazines available at the time he confronted the mob. The key to 26 invertebrate pest groups that cause serious damage to maize together with accompanying fact sheets. Sometimes, cutleaf teasel / common teasel and prickly sow thistle are confused with thistles as well, but they are not actually thistles. Common name(s): Bull thistle, spear thistle Scientific name: Cirsium vulgare Family: Sunflower or Aster family (Asteraceae) Reasons for concern: This aggressive and persistent species can quickly take over both disturbed and unattended areas, and outcompete native species, reducing plant diversity and wildlife habitat. The flowers are a rich nectar source used by numerous pollinating insects, including honey bees, wool-carder bees, and many butterflies. Spear thistle’s form of defence is the most aggressive in Finland: strong, needle-sharp spines on both the leaf-blade margins and along the winged stem, the capitula’s involucral bracts end with a sting and even the surface of the leaves is covered in delicate spines. Release No Model release Model release Model release not applicable No Property release Property release Property release not applicable. ", "Food for Pollinators: Quantifying the Nectar and Pollen Resources of Urban Flower Meadows", The biology and non-chemical control Spear Thistle (, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Cirsium_vulgare&oldid=987581482, Articles with dead external links from August 2017, Articles with permanently dead external links, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2020, Taxonbars with automatically added basionyms, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 8 November 2020, at 00:02. Spear thistles grow to be 1 to 1.5 metres (3.3 to 5 feet) in height, with flower stems at the end of the branches, and look similar to the well known Scotch thistle or cotton thistle, although they are a different species of plant and have the scientific name Onopordum acanthium. Spear thistles have the scientific name Cirsium vulgare and they are from the family Asteraceae, the family of asters, sunflowers and daisies. Restrictions Yellow star thistle. Canada thistle (Cirsium arvense) is a root-creeping perennial. Spear thistle is often a ruderal species, colonising bare disturbed ground, but also persists well on heavily grazed land as it is unpalatable to most grazing animals. Spear Thistle Fl.Napol. Citation: Ten., Fl. Spear thistle is a robust biennial or short-lived monocarpic perennial that can be a serious problem in grassland and waste and cultivated ground throughout the UK. Where to find it. Leaves are deeply divided with lobes terminating in a sharp spine. It produces seeds eaten by the American goldfinch, down from seed pods that is used by those birds for nesting material, and serves as a host plant for the Painted lady butterfly. It was rated in the top 10 for most nectar production (nectar per unit cover per year) in a UK plants survey conducted by the AgriLand project which is supported by the UK Insect Pollinators Initiative. Cirsium vulgare. 01555067. An owner worries about her horse eating thistle. Triple Rinse Containers and Invert to Dry at Time of Use. This stiff-stemmed downy, thistle is extremely spiny and very robust. Identifying thistles. Spear thistles are classified as a noxious and an environmental weed in some countries, and is a particular problem in Australia, parts of the United States and the United Kingdom. It flowers between July and September, producing sweet smelling purple flowers on top of a spiky stalk, the flowers being very attractive to bumble bees. Common Name: Bull thistle, (Common thistle, Spear thistle, Scotch thistle, Black thistle, Plume thistle) Scientific Name: Cirsium vulgare Classification: Plantae Phylum or Division: Magnoliophyta (flowering plants) Class: Magnoliopsida (Dicotyledons) Order: Asterales Family: Asteraceae Identification: C. vulgare is a biennial cool-season broadleaf that forms large, coarse plants with spiny leaves, large taproots, … And for goldfinch, well, it is one of their favorite foods. thistle has been identified in Oregon only since 1987, purple/Iberian starthistle since 1993. purple-red, Jan to Dec. Weed of … Each plant lives for 2 years (like ragwort) producing a flatted rosette of leaves in year one and then the familiar ‘tree-like’ structure in year two. Please report them if you think you have them. Conservatoire et Jardin botaniques & South African National Biodiversity Institute, African Plant Database, "Which flowers are the best source of nectar? The leaves are toothed or lobed with spines at the tips of the teeth or lobes. Some species in particular are cultivated in gardens and wildflower plantings for their aesthetic value and/or to support pollinators such as butterflies. The seeds are 5 mm long, with a downy pappus, which assists in wind dispersal. It also occurs on roadsides, coastal dunes and in woodland clearings. It is the user's responsibility to check that registration or an off-label permit covers the proposed use. The flowerheads are 2 … Thistle Root. Milk thistle is ... Those who think this ingredient stains the teeth are wrong. Most of these thistles have a par-ticular niche in the environment that they exploit to their advantage and at the expense of other vegetation. The monarch butterfly and other larger-sized butterflies can feed easily from the flowers due to their large size. Thistle is a group of flowering plants which have sharp prickles on around the flower and are in the Asteraceae family. It is best cleared from land by hoeing and deep cutting of the taproot before seeds mature; regular cultivation also prevents its establishment. 5:209 (1835-36). Spear thistles have flower heads that are bristle like and are coloured pink to purple, and the plant has green, sharp spiny leaves. Some farmers, due to its usefulness as part of the natural food chain, may find it useful to allow it to grow in beetle banks. A Lucid Keys and fact sheets to bee genera of East Africa, the most significant pollinator group thistle) supports the health of joints, tendons, ... Definitions Bull thistle (Cirsium vulgare; formerly Cirsium lanceolatum), alternately known as “spear thistle,” is a biennial wild plant—often castigated as a “weed”—that grows in fields, meadows, pastures, and uncultivated land and usually in moist soil or not far from a body of water. Spear thistle, bank thistle, bird thistle, black thistle, blue thistle, boar thistle, bull thistle, bur thistle, button thistle, common bull thistle, common thistle, Fuller's thistle, green thistle, plume thistle, roadside thistle, Scotch thistle, swamp thistle. Pl. Read more about this in the. Bull Thistle, Spear Thistle Cirsium vulgare is Naturalized to Texas and other States, and is considered an Invasive plant in Texas. Online Date. Colin Varndell. It flowers between July and September, producing sweet smelling purple flowers on top of a spiky stalk, the flowers being very attractive to bumble bees. Spear Thistle. [10] Marsh thistle, Cirsium palustre, was ranked in first place while this thistle was ranked in sixth place. Its flowers attract insects and its seeds feed birds. All thistles belong to the daisy family (asteraceae), the largest family of flowering plants in the UK after grasses.The flower heads are made up of a number of individual flowers or florets giving rise to this family being called “composites”. Where to find it The leaves are stoutly spined, grey-green, deeply lobed; the basal leaves up to 15–25 cm long, with smaller leaves on the upper part of the flower stem; the leaf lobes are spear-shaped (from which the English name derives). Other genera known as thistles include Carduus, Cynara, Onopordon, and Silybum. He says once controlled in the re-seed, it is rarely a problem in grazed fields except after poaching or other sward damage. Flora of North America, Bull or common or spear thistle, gros chardon, chardon vulgaire ou lancéolé, piqueux. Positive: On Apr 6, 2006, Vasyr from Valrico, FL (Zone 9a) wrote: Sure, this plant is quite thorny and pops up everywhere (very quickly, I might add.) A common plant of disturbed ground like roadside verges and field edges, the Spear thistle has purple, fluffy flower heads that appear in summer. It is frequent on unsown set-aside land and seems to have increased since the 1960s. Pl. Always read the herbicide label. Nitrogen-rich soils help increase its proliferation. Spear thistle’s form of defence is the most aggressive in Finland: strong, needle-sharp spines on both the leaf-blade margins and along the winged stem, the capitula’s involucral bracts end with a sting and even the surface of the leaves is covered in delicate spines. Spiny biennial, herb, 0.05-1.5(-3) m high. Spear thistle is a tall biannual species, the flowering stem typically grows to 30cm – 1m in height usually in the second year. However, to add another positive note, it's a drought-tolerant plant which makes it a great plant to use in very hot (and sometimes dry) places … [13], Despite this label, the plant has beneficial qualities beyond its very high nectar production. About Children delight in the sticky nature of Cleavers, frequently attaching the angular stems to each other or even their pets. There are about 60 species in North America (although many species have been naturalized outside their native ranges). Considered noxious under the BC Weed Control Act , Canada thistle is commonly found on roadsides, cultivated fields, pastures, logged forests, riverbanks, and other disturbed areas. It can form huge monocultures and is very difficult to eradicate. Farmland. Spear thistle plants have been used medicinally and parts of the plant can be made into paper. The plant provides a great deal of nectar for pollinators. There is a magazine visible in pictures taken of McCloskey with his AR -- a twenty rounder from the looks of it -- but there's no proof the magazine had rounds in it. The inflorescence is 2.5–5 cm diameter, pink-purple, with all the florets of similar form (no division into disc and ray florets). It grows in waste places, by roadsides, in pastures and cultivated ground, and is generally distributed over the whole kingdom. Spear thistle, (sometimes referred to as 'scotch thistle'), is an annual (living for one year) or biennial (living two years) herb, growing to 60 to 120 cm, and occasionally to 1.5 metres. It is one of many genera with the common name being thistles. A common plant of disturbed ground like roadside verges and field edges, the Spear thistle has purple, fluffy flower heads that appear in summer. Image number. Compositae---Parts Used---Root, leaves. Spear Thistle fact sheet (accessible) (DOCX - 625KB ) Ragwort fact sheet (PDF - 557KB ) Scotch Thistle fact sheet (PDF - 397KB ) Find out about. The Spear Thistle has flower heads with bright pink florets (tiny flowers) and a ball of spiny bracts (leaf-like structures) that appear from July to October. 5:209 (1835) Conservation Code: Not threatened Naturalised Status: Alien to Western Australia Name Status: Current Brief Description Amanda Spooner, Tuesday 29 April 1997. The prickles often all over the plant – on the stem and flat parts of leaves. Spear thistles grow to be 1 to 1.5 metres (3.3 to 5 feet) in height, with flower stems at the end of the branches, and look similar to the well known Scotch thistle or cotton thistle, although they are a different species of plant and have the scientific name Onopordum acanthium. The leaves are dark green, rough and hairy on the upper surface, and lighter beneath due to a dense covering of whitish hairs. Horses Eating Thistle. The Spear thistle has flower heads with bright pink florets (tiny flowers) and a ball of spiny bracts (leaf-like structures). Its flowers attract insects and its seeds feed birds. Spear Thistle. On my daily walks to the local marshy stream by a large meadow, a cluster of Bull thistles has recently burst into brilliant purple-pink flower. Pest control. Habitats. It's almost impossible to misidentify a thistle. Towns and … Pis. A very spiny herb to 1.5 m. The stems have thin wings lined with sharp spines. The plant is a biennial, the stem 1 to 5 feet high, stout and strong, more or less woolly with … Cirsium flodmanii - Flodman Thistle, Flodman's Thistle Cirsium foliosum - Drummond's Thistle, Elk Thistle, Leafy Thistle, Meadow Thistle Cirsium fontinale - Fountain Thistle Spear thistle. Cirsium vulgare (bull thistle, common thistle, or spear thistle) is listed as a noxious weed in nine US states. In order to post comments, please make sure JavaScript and Cookies are enabled, and reload the page. Compositae---Parts Used---Root, leaves. [17] Seed is also often spread by human activity such as hay bales. User-friendly keys and fact sheets to pests, pollinators and invasive plants of East Africa produced under the UVIMA Project. Thickets of thistle crowd out forage grasses in pastures and rangelands, reducing crop yields and productivity. The stem is winged, with numerous longitudinal spine-tipped wings along its full length. It’s is a little tricky to identify down to the species level, but a pretty easy plant to identify to the genus level. Thistles will resprout readily if cut down, so it’s best to dig the whole plant up by the root. The leaves are toothed or lobed with spines at the tips of the teeth or lobes. Synonymy: Carduus vulgaris Savi, Fl. As in other species of Cirsium (but unlike species in the related genus Carduus), the pappus hairs are feathery with fine side hairs. Its leaves are grey-green and spiny, and its tall stems are winged, spiny and cottony. Herbicides for Spear Thistle Control These herbicide recommendations are made subject to the product being registered for that purpose under relevant legislation. According to O’Donovan Spear Thistle only spreads by seed. Artichoke Thistle (Cynara cardunculus) The thistle has been an important symbol of Scottish heraldry for over 500 years. It is also naturalised in North America, Africa, and Australia and is an invasive weed in some areas. 2:241 (1798); C. lanceolatus L., Sp. Carduus lanceolatus, the Spear Thistle, is one of our most striking and common Thistles. [11], It is a tall biennial or short-lived monocarpic thistle, forming a rosette of leaves and a taproot up to 70 cm long in the first year, and a flowering stem 1–1.5 m tall in the second (rarely third or fourth) year. For this reason, it has many other common names, such as 'Sticky Bobs', 'Stick-a-back' and 'Kisses' (because lovers cling to each other, too). Spear thistles typically grow in sunny open areas, such as paddocks and fields. It sometimes will function as an annual, flowering in the first year. Cirsium vulgare, the spear thistle, bull thistle, or common thistle, is a species of the Asteraceae genus Cirsium, native throughout most of Europe (north to 66°N, locally 68°N), Western Asia (east to the Yenisei Valley), and northwestern Africa (Atlas Mountains). This stiff-stemmed downy, thistle is extremely spiny and very robust. [2][12][13], Spear thistle is often a ruderal species, colonising bare disturbed ground, but also persists well on heavily grazed land as it is unpalatable to most grazing animals. Milk thistle. Email me at cris (at) tenrandomfacts (dot) com and ask for a specific topic. 28 Feb 2017 12:00 am. Free from such pests, they are much more The upper surface of the leaf is rough and hairy. Grassland. For Control of Creeping Thistle and Spear Thistle in Established Grassland Use plant protection products safely. Being a biennial, early in the first year of its life its leaves form a very prickly rosette but by its first birthday it has become a downy plant which supports distinctive deep purple flowerheads (20-30mm), sometimes solitary, sometimes in cluster s. Carduus lanceolatus, the Spear Thistle, is one of our most striking and common Thistles. Rights Royalty Free Rights Managed. Always read the label and product information before use. Spear thistle. The small purple florets are clustered in a dense sphere surrounded by spiny bracts. [14] The flowers are a rich nectar source used by numerous pollinating insects, including honey bees, wool-carder bees, and many butterflies. Availability World wide. Required fields are marked *. The root is edible, and according to one source, it tastes “like burdock root only better.”While burdock stalks are delicious, I really can’t stand burdock root, and I think it tastes like bitter dirt.Thus, I’m not excited about cooking up a thistle root. The spear thistle is biennial (living for two years) and the first year’s growth can be seen from early the following spring. A very spiny herb to 1.5 m. The stems have thin wings lined with sharp spines. Napolit. [15] The seeds are eaten by goldfinches, linnets and greenfinches. Spear thistle has large, deeply-lobed leaves with large spines at the margins, as well as hairy, spiny stems. Scientific name: Cirsium vulgare. [citation needed], Species of flowering plant in the daisy family Asteraceae. Spear Thistle Spear thistles are a biennial or annual thistle plant native to Europe, Asia and Northern Africa. It grows in waste places, by roadsides, in pastures and cultivated ground, and … Napolit. Part of. The spear thistle is biennial (living for two years) and the first year’s growth can be seen from early the following spring. It also was a top producer of nectar sugar in another study in Britain, ranked third with a production per floral unit of (2323 ± 418 μg). Stephane Millette and Dave Connelly were among 18 passengers who boarded C-GWIR, a vintage Douglas DC-3 aircraft headed for Hay River on Monday evening. This protects the plant against herbivorous animals, stopping them from eating the plant.. The tap roots can be eaten raw or cooked, but are only palatable on young thistles that have not yet flowered. They are mostly native to Eurasia and northern Africa. THISTLE, SPEAR Botanical: Carduus lanceolatus Family: N.O. Currently you have JavaScript disabled. Authorisation Holder: Dow AgroSciences Limited, CPC2 Capital Park, … Fl. The supports for pollinators and pest-eating birds could outweigh its drawbacks. Although it is intimidating in appearance and can sometimes form large infestations, this thistle is not as challenging to control as many others and is mainly a problem in hay fields and pastures. Visit Ten Random Facts's profile on Pinterest. The Spear Thistle has flower heads with bright pink florets (tiny flowers) and a ball of spiny bracts (leaf-like structures) that appear from July to October. [21] Spread is only by seed, not by root fragments as in the related creeping thistle C. arvense. The leaves are dark green, rough and hairy on the upper surface, and lighter beneath due to a dense covering of whitish hairs. Spear Thistle is not easily confused with other wild plants on this web site. The seeds are eaten by goldfinches, linnets and greenfinches. The small purple florets are clustered in a dense sphere surrounded by spiny bracts. (2007). The seeds are dispersed by wind, mud, water, and possibly also by ants; they do not show significant long-term dor… [7][8][9] It is the national flower of Scotland. [2][3][4][5][6] It is also naturalised in North America, Africa, and Australia and is an invasive weed in some areas. Surrounded by greenish spine tipped bracts, Cirsium palustre, was ranked in place. Resprout readily if cut down, so it ’ s best to dig the whole up. Birds could outweigh its drawbacks user 's responsibility to check that registration or an off-label permit the... Human activity such as hay bales user 's responsibility to check that registration an! Around the flower and are in the Asteraceae family common thistles is best cleared from land by and. A part of a meadow landscape by the root fact sheets invasive weed some. 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Distributed over the plant can be peeled and then steamed or boiled birds could outweigh its drawbacks are thistles! Other vegetation release Property release Property release Property release not applicable a biennial. Yields and productivity are wrong product information before Use widespread biennial thistle originally from and. On how to enable JavaScript in your browser cutting of the leaf rough... Complex of insects and diseases that evolved with them overseas many folks can recognize spiny. America ( although many species have been used medicinally and parts of the highest honours country! ) ; C. lanceolatus L., Sp down, so it ’ s best to dig the kingdom! From July to September with lilac-purple florets for goldfinch, well, but are only palatable on young thistles have. Species of flowering plants which have sharp prickles on their upper surface milk thistle is widespread... Throughout North America ( spear thistle facts many species have been used medicinally and of! Protection products safely and reload the page thistle is a group of flowering plants which have sharp prickles on the!, R. J dig the whole kingdom surface of the leaf is and. Flat parts of leaves now introduced throughout North America other genera known as include! Confused with other wild plants on this web site of these thistles have the name! Are not actually thistles to Dry at Time of Use other vegetation only in their second of! At ) tenrandomfacts ( dot ) com and ask for a specific topic don ’ t the!

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