The Battle of Britain fighter ace ‘Sailor’ Malan developed a set of simple rules for fighter pilots, honed during the Battle, which he then had distributed throughout RAF Fighter Command.. Most of the rules apply even today, more than 75 years after they were written. Sailor Malan’s Ten Rules were … After a lecture tour in America, Malan commanded the Central Gunnery School – where he was able to pass on his immense combat experience to fledgling fighter pilots and impress upon them his golden ’10 Rules of Air Fighting’. Adolph Malan known as 'Sailor Malan' was a South African RAF pilot in World War 2. Much has been written on Sailor Malan as a Fighter Ace, his rules for combat and his command of 74 Squadron during the Battle of Britain which played such a pivot role in winning the Battle (see ‘Ten of my rules for air fighting’ – Sailor Malan) . By the end of it, Malan’s Squadron had claimed to have shot down 38 aircraft. 1. His combat record, promotions and decorations alone are simply astonishing. 11 August 1940 became known as ‘Sailor's August the Eleventh’. No. Sailor Malan developed 10 rules for fighter combat – rules that are still taught today: Wait until you see the whites of his eyes. 'Sailor' Malan’s 10 Rules of Air Fighting Adolph G. Malan 24 March 1910 – 17 September 1963 The Battle of Britain fighter ace ‘Sailor’ Malan developed a set of simple rules for fighter pilots, honed during the Battle, which he then had distributed throughout RAF Fighter Command. Wait until you see the whites of his eyes. The Ten Rules. Sailor Malan (Adolph Gysbert Malan) was born on the 3rd of October 1910 in Wellington, South Africa. The Battle of Britain fighter ace ‘Sailor’ Malan developed a set of simple rules for fighter pilots, honed during the Battle, which he then had distributed throughout RAF Fighter Command. 74 Squadron was sent out to intercept a German raid near Dover, followed by another three raids, lasting all day. Sadly, Sailor Malan succumbed on 17th September, 1963, from the rare Parkinson's Disease about which little was known. TEN OF MY RULES FOR AIR FIGHTING. ‘Sailor’ Malan’s 10 Rules of Air Fighting Adolph G. Malan 24 March 1910 – 17 September 1963. It is a mark of the esteem in which his fellow countrymen hold him, that they set up a "Sailor Malan Memorial Fund" which raised R 20,000 to promote bursaries at the University of Witwatersrand for the study of this malady. Sailor Malan's famous 10 Commandments of engagement . Sailor Malan wasn’t necessary the best shot and some other pilots had higher scores. TEN OF MY RULES FOR AIR FIGHTING. He also created his own '10 rules of air fighting' which proved so popular they appeared on nearly every mess wall during the Battle of Britain. What made him stand out was his understanding and application of fighter tactics, then using his leadership ability to throw out the old rule book (Fighting Area Attacks) and formally incorporate the hard won lessons of the Battle of Britain in to RAF fighter tactics. Fire short bursts of one to two seconds only when your sights are definitely "ON" TEN OF MY RULES FOR AIR FIGHTING 1. Malan himself brought down two Messerschmitt Bf 109E fighters. 1. Wait until you see the whites of his eyes. Sailor died in 1963 from Parkinson’s Disease. By the age of 14 he was a sea cadet on the training ship General Botha hence the name Sailor. Like the Dicta Boelcke from the early days of World War I, Sailor Malan’s rules are at the very foundation of a fighter pilot’s training. 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