About This Animal: Commonly known in English as mackerel and favored for its health benefits (the fish is rich in omega-3 fatty acids), kolios is an inhabitant the Atlantic Ocean as well as the Mediterranean and Black Seas. These are small fish that basically swim through the sand. As in many parts of the world, many species in Greek seas are under severe pressure from overfishing – including species on this list which are included for informational purposes only. The symiaki garida (scientific: Plesionika narval) – a type of shrimp that takes its Greek name from the island of Symi where it is common – is famed for its small size and great flavor. 2. About This Fish: Bacalaos (also known as bakaliaros – a name it shares in Greek with the European hake – see above) lives in colder waters – mainly in the Atlantic Ocean. About This Animal: Commonly known as the ‘European squid,’ the kalamari that you’ll find at the nearest fish taverna is relatively small with bodies normally around 20cm in length making it easy for cooks to handle in the kitchen (that is, in comparison to the thrapsalo – see below). About This Animal: Native to the Atlantic, it is thought that the blue crab was introduced into European waters through ships’ ballast. This post was originally published on the blog... Editor’s note: The following has been taken from... can i travel to greece again? About This Animal: A largish mollusc with a smooth brownish shell, gyalisteres can be found in bounty in many parts of the country in sandy seabeds. Cuttlefish with spinach is a popular Greek recipe that is known for its pure ingredients and can be cooked easily and quickly. Greek Name: Σαργός (Sahr – GOHS)Scientific Name: Diplodus sargusEnglish Name: White sea bream, sargo. Kebabs are mostly chunks of meat – such as lamb, pork, chicken, and fish – that are cooked on a skewer and seasoned with olive oil, oregano, and lemon. Fagri are both caught wild and raised in fish farms (the former can be at the pricier end of the spectrum, the latter are less expensive). In the Mediterranean however it is still considered overfished and environmental groups recommend avoiding it. Greek Name: Καραβίδα (Kah – rah – VEE – dah)Scientific Name: Astacus astacus, Cambarus bartoniiEnglish Name: Crawfish, crayfish. Charters in Greece can take you anywhere from one mile out to 50 miles offshore. Most of the villages on the Greek Islands are in fact fishing villages and have been for thousands of years. According to one explanation, this moniker was created in the 1960s after Olympiakos fans traveled to a rival stadium for an away game only to be met with crates of the little fish that had been stolen from Piraeus. However it is not as vulnerable as the rofos and so can be consumed with a clean conscience (provided, that is, that it meets the minimum legal requirement of being above 45 cm in length). They are particularly common in the Ambracian Gulf and surrounding lagoons where they reproduce. In Greece, a meze is a small dish that is served with ouzo or raki.Nowadays, you can find them in numerous restaurants or tavernas where locals enjoy a selection of mezes to share as lunch or dinner. Greek Reporter will help you organize all the essential information before your journey. About This Fish: A large fish with a bill that slays, swordfish are native to temperate waters around the globe. Usually it is between 3 and 7 cm long. About This Animal: The palamida is a strong swimmer that lives in shoals and feeds on smaller fish such as mackerel, as well as squid. Greek Name: Γαλέος (Gah – LEH – ohs)Scientific Name: Galeorhinus galeusEnglish Names: School shark, tope shark, soupfin shark. There is talk of farming turbot, bluefin tuna, yellowtail, and octopus too. Fish: $763.1 million (2%) Greece’s top 10 exports accounted for 64.7% of the overall value of its global shipments. This tasty dish is extremely popular, mainly in the fish restaurants of northern Greece. About This Animal: Easily identifiable from their thick, ribbed shells, like gyalisteres (smooth clams) kidonia live in sandy seabeds throughout the country. Greek Name: Αθερίνα (Ah – thehr – EE – nah)Scientific Name: Atherina hepsetus English Name: Mediterranean sand smelt. About This Animal: Avgotaracho, or Greek bottarga, is essentially the cured eggs of the female kefalos (flathead grey mullet). Other notes: In Greece environmental organizations such as Greenpeace International and Archipelagos strongly encourage consumers to steer clear of this fish due to its vulnerable status. This flaky white fish is a great source of phosphorus, niacin, and vitamin B-12.A 3-ounce cooked portion contains 15 to 20 grams of protein. About This Animal: Lavraki is one of the most popular fish and a signature main dish at many seaside Greek tavernas. Ask for advice from locals while visiting one of the beautiful Greek islands this summer and try to convince them to reveal to you their true culinary secrets about this salad. In Epirus, locals love to bake the fish and drizzle it with butter. These large, powerful, predatory fish live in deep, open waters and are an important food source for other mammals such as dolphins. Fish that live close to shore in Crete and Greece, pictures, scientific names and common names of the fish : Fish that live close to shore in Crete and Greece Crete. It has a strong taste of anise and usually has 38 %, 40 %, 42 % or 49 % in alcohol percentage. The aquaculture sector in Greece provides direct and indirect employment to 4 310 people in 2011, often in remote rural areas with few other forms of employment. Greek Name: Πέστροφα (PEHS – troh – fah)Scientific Name: Salmo trutta / Onchorynchus mykissEnglish Name: Trout, brown trout / rainbow trout. But unfortunately, historians may never know for sure about ingredients and dishes in ancient Greek food. Greek Name: Γυαλιστερές (Yah – lee – stehr- EHS)Scientific Name:  Callista chioneEnglish Name: Smooth clams. November 15th, 2018. Means a skewer, so this is anything grilled on a skewer (lamb, chicken, pork, etc). About This Animal: Sinagrida, or the ‘Queen of the Sea’ as some Greek fisherman call it, lives along the rocky seashores of the Mediterranean, where it feeds on other fish. This creamy blend of pink or white fish roe, with either a potato or bread base, is best with a drizzle of virgin olive oil or a squeeze of lemon. How It’s Served: In Preveza, kefalos is traditionally baked in the oven with roasted vegetables and drizzled in olive and lemon. Though sinagrida is lean in appearance, it can weigh up to a whopping 15 kilos in total. How It’s Served: Like many other hearty white fish, locals typically eat sargos charcoal grilled and served with lemon and oil. This is a popular dish at Greek restaurants in North America, so it’s likely that you’ve had this before. Alternatively it is simply grilled and served with lemon and oil or butter. Atherina is small fish of pale moss green colour. About This Animal: A flat, grey fish best distinguished by the single, black dot situated between its body and tail, melanouri can typically be found in eastern Atlantic and Mediterranean waters. It’s a prized food and game fish, which has led to its overfishing. How It’s Served: Like anchovies, sardines are prepared in a multitude of ways in Greece. Fishing in Greece is a popular pastime, with opportunities for fishing from the shore or boat, with a flat line or fly, or spear fishing in the Mediterranean waters. Here’s an experience that many a foreign visitor to a Greek psarotaverna (a taverna specializing in fish) will have had: you sit at a table and pick up the menu, but the English translations are almost as indecipherable as the Greek names. A mainstay of any Greek meal are classic dips such as tzatziki (yogurt, cucumber and garlic),melitzanosalata (aubergine), and fava (creamy split pea purée). How It’s Served: You will find this fish filleted, dried and salted in Greece. Their rapid reproduction means that they are not considered vulnerable to overfishing at this time. Another traditional recipe is octopus with tomato sauce and short macaroni. And it is sublime. Though it is somewhat more expensive (when wild-caught) than some of the other options on this list, locals would argue that it’s worth the indulgence. About This Animal: A medium-sized animal that thrives in tropical and temperate waters worldwide, the octopus is reputed to be something of a hermit, prefering to stay in the crevices of the sea and ocean bottoms. However it should not be consumed today, given that pinna is an endangered species that is protected by law from all forms of fishing in Greece. About this Animal: Round, spiky and purple-black in color, this creature flourishes in the shallow waters of the Mediterranean, particularly on rockier parts of the seabed (which is why it’s critical to be careful of where you’re stepping when going for a swim), and it feeds on the surrounding plant life. Greek Name: Τσιπούρα (Tsee – POO – rah)Scientific Name: Sparus aurataEnglish Name: Gilthead sea bream. The most popular farmed fish are Tsipoura (Gilthead Sea-Bream) and Lavraki (Mediterranean Sea Bass) but I have seen Tilapia sold in the central market in Athens. At more high-end establishments however you may find dishes such as grilled fresh tuna steaks or tuna ceviche. They are territorial, each guarding its own section of a reef where they predate on molluscs, crustaceans, fish and octopi. A wide range of fish is available, including tuna, octopus, John Dory, comber, mullet and bream. Many amateur spear-fishermen hunt for the animal in the summer and you will frequently see them beating their catch against the rocks to tenderize it. Another common dish is “garides saganaki”, baked in a tomato sauce with cheese (usually feta) and peppers. About This Animal: Trout are largely freshwater fish although some sub-types also spend some of their lives in the sea. These are great for the kids (and adults too). Atherina is small fish of pale moss green colour. How It’s Served: Kolios is often baked in the oven with garlic and tomato, though it can also be fried. Located in Athens suburb, Glyfada, Sardelaki is a popular destination known for its fresh mackerel, bass, sardines, eels and seabream, and an entire menu filled with seafood delights. Must try dishes, the ultimate bucket list for rice dish lovers. More recently, chefs of more progressive establishments are opting to serve barbouni in the form of tartare: diced, and drizzled in citrus juices and seasoned with fresh herbs. Usually it is between 3 and 7 cm long. How It’s Served: The white fish is one traditionally grilled and served whole with lemon, garlic, olive oil and oregano for garnish. Souvlaki. They can also change the color of their skin for camouflage and communication. How It’s Served: Salahi is generally served fried, though it can be stewed in a red sauce or tossed in a leafy green salad. As they filter the water, they should generally only be consumed when sourced from areas with clean seas. About This Animal: Inhabiting shallow waters of the Atlantic Ocean and south Mediterranean Sea, this medium-size, multi-colored (red, yellow and blue) fish resembles the bird for which it’s named. Greek sea bass (Lavraki) is a very popular dish on the island of Cephalonia. Approximately 80 percent of Greek aquaculture production is exported, mainly to Italy and Spain. Instead they are baked, stewed with wine, or cooked with tomato, onions, garlic and herbs and served with pasta. Despite popular perceptions, it does snow in Greece, especially in the mountainous north where there are several ski resorts close to the city of Drama, Greece's own Switzerland, pictured below. How It’s Served: This fish is traditionally baked with vegetables and garnished with lemon and olive oil, though some chefs have taken it upon themselves to incorporate the fish into other dishes. Some common fillings include tomato, feta and herbs or rice and herbs. It’s a perfect option for those who suffer from heart problems as anchovies offer Omega 3 fatty acids and the olive oil Omega 9 fatty acids. In second place for improving export sales was the electrical machinery and equipment category via a 9.8% gain. How It’s Served: Another staple of the Greek taverna, kalamari are commonly sliced up and batter fried and served with lemon (some people prefer the crispy tentacles, others the round parts of the body). Greek Name: Κυδώνι (Kee – THOH – nee)Scientific Name: Venus verrucosa (among other species)English Name: Cockle, clam, warty venus. Greece is known for its constant catches of the day when it comes to fishing, but if you don’t know where to fish, then it could take you a whole day to even get a bite on your pole. They are made with salty cod fish that is previously soaked in water for at least 48 hours in order to leach the salt. As a result this fish is considered endangered and should be avoided. By Christala. How It’s Served: Fagri is generally grilled and garnished with ladolemono, a mixture of lemon and olive oil, although it can also be stewed to make a psarosoupa, or fish soup. It is also migratory, traveling between the Mediterranean and Black Sea. Greek Name: Σφυρίδα (Sfee – RI – dah)Scientific Name: Epinephelus aeneusEnglish Name: White grouper. It is usually served grilled though it can also be fried. How It’s Served: Barbounis are most often dipped in flour and fried, though you may also find them grilled at some traditional Greek restaurants. Search Major jobs in Greece with company ratings & salaries. For anglers traveling solo, join a shared trip to get your fish-fix in on your vacation. (Editor’s note: Please note that this article is only intended as a guide to understanding which species of fish have been traditionally consumed in Greece. It should not, however, be taken as a recommendation that they continue to be eaten. It also has a rather charming symbiotic relationship with shrimp that live inside the clam and warn it of impending dangers by pinching it, causing it to close. Sfirida is also prized among spearfishermen and one of the more expensive Greek fish. Greek Name: Μελανούρι (Meh – lah – NOO – ree)Scientific Name: Oblada melanuraEnglish Name: Saddled sea bream. Fish as a food are not really present in Homer’s Iliad, though it is somewhat in his Odyssey. How It’s Served: Soupies are rarely cooked on the grill. The most highly-prized is the Atlantic bluefin tuna – known as erythros (meaning red) tonos in Greece – much of which is exported to Japan where it is consumed as sashimi. Here are ten flavorful dishes you should try at least once in your lifetime – you won’t regret it. Often in shallow waters and close to shore, it is a common sight when snorkeling. Despite its limited contribution (less than 3.1 %) to the gross domestic product (GDP), the Greek fisheries sector repre-sents a primary sector of significant socio-economic importance, particularly in coastal, traditionally fisheries-dependent areas. This is the Greek version of the mulled wine, and it’s popular to drink around Christmas. Expect to pay 20 euros per person. In its natural habitat, this species of fish (sometimes called rockfish because of its tendency to live among rocks) is predatory, emerging from its burrow in the rocks to hunt at night. By Hayley Prokos, Nena Dimitriou, Pavlos Zafiropoulos | Greek Name: Αυγοτάραχο (Ahv – goh – TAH – rah – hoh)Scientific Name: Mugil cephalus (the fish that produces the eggs)English Name: Greek bottarga. It is now caught in several locations in the Aegean. Being so small, it is usually eaten deep-fried. About This Animal: One of the more aesthetically unappealing fish that lurk on the seabed, peschandritsas tend to be large in size – they can weigh up to 34 kilograms – and are known for their large mouths full of razor-sharp teeth. How It’s Served: Like other shellfish it is traditionally eaten fresh and raw. Greece is divided into seven Hunting Federations and has 248 hunting associations. In general, though, the heroes of the earliest Greek writings such as the Iliad and the Odyssey considered fish a “lesser” food. The following is a list of the freshwater fish species of Greece. How It’s Served: What is consumed is the roe of the animals, which is typically eaten raw with just a drizzle of lemon and has a taste somewhere between caviar and an oyster (in Japan this is known as uni). About This Animal: Salahi refers to a broad family of skates and rays (a type of batwinged cartilaginous fish related to sharks). It is one of the most popular small fish in Greek tavernas. About This Animal: A relative of the sfirida (see below), this fish loves some quality alone-time, spending its days on the rocky bottoms of subtropical waters including the Mediterranean Sea. They are fast, carnivorous fish with big heads and a mouthful of sharp teeth. So in the interest of separating the sprats from the mullets and the tsipoures from the fagris, we have put together this alphabetized guide to the fish and other sea creatures you’re most likely to find on Greek menus with their English, Greek and scientific names (and photos!). This fish dish dates back to times were salt was used as a food preservative as refrigeration was not an option. Between Paxos and Corfu is an excellent fishing channel, where you’ll be able to target Swordfish. Greek Name: Σαλάχι (Sah – LAH – hi)Scientific Name: Batoidea (superorder)English Name: Ray, skate. They are a relatively inexpensive delicacy (around 5 euros per kilo). 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