A snow leopard shelters below a cliff overhang [image by: Sonu Negi] The competitor. Chitral District is one of Pakistan’s key snow leopard habitats, located high in the Hindu Kush Mountains on the western edge of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Province. The term ICP includes shamans, tribal medicine people, sacred site guardians, and revered elders. Assess existing PAs for their adequacy to protect snow leopards, and identify candidate sites for additional PAs. In 1972, the International Union for the Conservation of Nature, (IUCN), placed the snow leopards of Pakistan on the endangered species list. Villagers have been known to respond with retribution killing and poaching and in 2011 two snow leopards were trapped after being thought responsible for livestock losses. Dipender Manta Tribune News Service Mandi, December 19 The authorities of the Great Himalayan National Park (GHNP), Kullu, are planning a census of snow leopards … The project covers all the snow leopard habitat areas. These corridors suggest that the potential wolf range can … Snow leopard range in Pakistan spreads across 80,000 square kilometers in the Hindu Kush, Pamir, Karakoram and Himalayan Mountain Ranges of northern Pakistan. In order to protect their livelihoods we know some herders have killed snow leopards in retaliation for preying on their livestock. Impacts from climate change could result in a loss of up to 30% of the snow leopard habitat in the Himalayas alone. While small, Pakistan’s snow leopard population represents the world’s third largest by size, tied with India, highlighting the country’s importance for conserving the species worldwide. The total snow leopard habitat available in Pakistan is about 80,000 km2 and encompasses four high mountainous systems, namely the Hindu Kush, the Pamirs, the Karakorams, and the Himalayas. Snow leopards are carnivores that actively hunt prey, including Himalayan blue sheep, tahr, argali, markor, deer, monkeys, birds, young camels and horses, marmots, pikas, and voles.Essentially, snow leopards will eat any animal that's two to four times their own weight or less. In Pakistan, The snow leopard’s geographic distribution runs from the Hindu Kush through the Pamir Mountains, Karakoram, Kashmir and the Himalaya. In the Himalayas, snow leopards are usually found between 3,000 and 5,400 meters above sea level. The term ICP includes shamans, tribal medicine people, sacred site guardians, and revered elders. PESHAWAR: Five men were sentenced to prison in an expedited trial on Wednesday for killing a snow leopard in northern Pakistan, wildlife officials confirmed. Therefore, the survival of most of the Kazakhstani population, estimated at 150 individuals, largely depends on its citizens. Panthera, the Snow Leopard Trust (SLT) and Wildlife Conservation Society (WCS) are collaborating on snow leopard surveys and conservation actions in Gilgit-Baltistan Province (formerly the Northern Areas). Threats to snow leopards in Pakistan are similar to threats facing the species in other countries. The snow leopard project in Pakistan incorporates climate change adaptation into sustainable development and conservation initiatives to build resilience, while at the same time working to mitigate the local drivers that contribute to this global disaster. Central Asia. In Pakistan, WCS has created a multi-year program to help protect a significant proportion of Gilgit-Baltistan Province, which is home to the snow leopard and the snow leopard's key prey species in much of the region, the flare-horned markhor. These include Tanda Dam and Thanedar Wala in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Chashma Barrage, Taunsa Barrage and Uchhali Complex in Punjab, Haleji Lake, Hub Dam and Kinjhar Lake in Sindh, Miani Hor in Balochistan. We partner with the Snow Leopard Foundation (SLF), one of Pakistan’s most respected conservation nonprofits. READ ALL THE BLOG POSTS ON SNOW LEOPARDS IN PAKISTAN. Since 2009 however, researchers have found snow leopards in the Badakhshan Province in the northeast … Snow leopards are considered as very shy species and it is very difficult to understand their lifestyle. There is still illegal hunting of snow leopard prey species which reduces the numbers for snow leopards to feed on. Thus far, range surveys and threat assessments have been initiated and will be  expanded in the coming months. Rangelands in Pakistan occupy about 20% of snow leopard habitat and provide critical grazing areas for wild and domestic ungulates. The estimated population of snow leopards in Pakistan is around 400 to 500. In 2006 Project Snow Leopard was incorporated into the new NGO, Baltistan Wildlife Conservation and Development Organization, which Shafqat continues to advise. Getting village women involved is often a successful community conservation strategy and in Chitral women play a central role in livestock management and the SLF is now including them in training. 22 Pakistan’s total estimated snow leopard habitat is about 80,000 km2 of which about half is 23 considered prime. In Pakistan, WCS has created a multi-year program to help protect a significant proportion of Gilgit-Baltistan Province, which is home to the snow leopard and the snow leopard's key prey species in much of the region, the flare-horned markhor. Searching for Russia’s last snow leopards. (c) SLC. Jamshed Public School Astak, 4. Snow leopards are found in 12 countries—including Pakistan, China, Bhutan, Nepal, India, Afghanistan, Russia, and Mongolia. The snow leopard’s habitat extends through twelve countries: Afghanistan, Bhutan, China, India, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Mongolia, Nepal, Pakistan, Russia, Tajikistan, and Uzbekistan. Photo by Bill Hogue. EDUCATION Snow Leopard Conservancy supports teacher training and conservation education in nine schools throughout three valleys of Baltistan. Like their brethren elsewhere in their range, Pakistan’s snow leopards face severe threats such as poaching and retaliation killings and the loss of prey and habitat. Please don't issue hunting licences. Snow leopard habitat range continues to decline from human settlement and increased use of grazing space. Livestock insurance programs re-imburse villagers when a cat kills their livestock as long as they do not kill the snow leopard in retaliation. In a good year, village co-operatives across Pakistan's snow leopard range, which is spread over more than 80,000 sq.km (31,000 square miles) have raised $700,000-$800,000 from trophy hunting permits. The leopard (Panthera pardus) is one of the five extant species in the genus Panthera, a member of the Felidae. They are found in 12 countriesincluding China, Bhutan, Nepal, India, Pakistan, Afghanistan, Russia, and Mongolia. Recommend 0. Remote mountain areas have been taken over by all sides in the war with human movement in mountain areas that the cats and their prey previously had to themselves. The SLF also has a long term program in place with the Snow Leopard Trust. Wildlife Department officials said they are going to project Kashmir`s landscape (where the species are found) so that it is included in the conservation programme of the Environment Ministry. “The recent heavy rains in northern mountainous belts of Pakistan are hardly going to spare wild fauna from devastating their habitats as that of human population. Organisations working to protect snow leopards in Pakistan. Pakistan may be home to around 200 snow leopards, living in three mountains provinces: Gilgit Baltistan (GB), Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KPK) and Azad Jammu and Kashmir. Snow leopards are sparsely distributed across 12 countries in central Asia, from southern Russia down to the Tibetan plateau, including Mongolia, China, Afghanistan, Pakistan, India and Nepal. The SLF is involved in a number of projects with other partners. This is the reason that the snow leopard range and habitat in Pakistan and worldwide has not decreased despite explosion in population growth and technological advancement in South and Central Asia. A local report by Syed Mujahid Ali Shah highlights the impact of the disaster on snow leopard habitat in Pakistan. Indeed, snow leopard habitats provides important resources for local communities – from food and medicine to grazing for livestock, and wood for shelter, heat and fuel, as well as water sources for millions of people downstream. Snow leopards generally weighing between 27 and 55 kg with an occasional large male reaching 75 kg. One is a three year camera trapping survey with scientists of the Norwegian University of Life Sciences. The snow leopard lives in a dozen countries in mostly mountainous areas of Central and South Asia. The Snow Leopard Trust is the largest and oldest organization working solely to protect the endangered snow leopard (Panthera uncia) and its habitat in 12 countries of Central Asia.The trust is a non-profit organization with its headquarters in Seattle, Washington.The present total population of snow leopards in the wild is estimated at between 3,920 and 6,390. In a good year, village co-operatives across Pakistan's snow leopard range, which is spread over more than 80,000 sq.km (31,000 square miles) have … The snow leopard’s habitat extends through twelve countries: Afghanistan, Bhutan, China, India, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Mongolia, Nepal, Pakistan, Russia, Tajikistan, and Uzbekistan. Vast areas of habitat have been fragmented and disrupted by villages expansion over the years. Photo by SLF Pakistan / Snow Leopard Trust. In Mongolia, it is found in the Mongolian and Gobi Altai Mountains and the (c) George Schaller and National Geographic. The estimated population of snow leopards in Pakistan is around 400 to 500. Recent technological … Male snow leopards are larger than females, but they have a similar appearance. Other snow leopard habitat regions in China includes Qinghai and Tibet as well as Gansu, Inner Mongolia, Sichuan and Yunnan. Snow leopards live in the mountains of Afghanistan, Bhutan, China, India, Kyrgyzstan, Kazakhstan, Nepal, Mongolia, Pakistan, Russia, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan and possibly also Myanmar (Burma). Marquis de Sade. Shah Wali academy Ghulmat, Nagar, 3. The total snow leopard habitat available in Pakistan has been estimated at around 80,000 square km and includes four high mountain systems – the Hindu Kush, the Pamirs, the Karakoram and the Himalayas. Construct habitat suitability of the snow leopard in Pakistan, and identify connectivity corridors. The mountains were rich with their prey such as blue sheep, Argali wild sheep, ibex, marmots, pikas and hares. Many Pakistanis perhaps do not know that there are snow leopards in Pakistan’s northern mountains, mainly in Gilgit-Baltistan (GB) region. The snow leopard finds a home in the Hindu Kush and Karakoram mountains in Pakistan’s northern provinces of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Gilgit Baltistan, and Azad Kashmir. Their range covers 1.2 to 1.6 million km² at elevations of 3,000 to over 5,000 m (10,000 – 17,000 feet) in the Himalaya and Tibetan Plateau, but as low as 600 m (2,000 feet) in Russia and Mongolia. Ghulam Mohammed provides local leadership and coordination. Conduct baseline environmental studies in PAs and develop management plans. PAKISTAN. The Snow Leopard Conservancy  has worked with communities since 2004, with conservation and education activities in Skyo and Hushe villages in Baltistan. George Schallers’ photo of a female snow leopard in Chitral Valley Pakistan, taken in 1971, was the first cat ever to be photographed in the wild. Central Karakoram National Park is among Pakistan’s best snow leopard habitats. Snow leopards generally weighing between 27 … (c) Shafqat Hussain. The Snow Leopard Trust has been working in Pakistan since 1995. In the Himalayas, snow leopards live in high alpine areas, mostly above the tree line and up to 18,000 feet in elevation. One of the most significant and iconic photos of snow leopards of all time. With the expansion of human population on mountains, the natural habitat of snow leopards is decreasing day-by-day because people are shifting gradually towards their natural habitat. At the same time, the human-wildlife conflict is intensifying. Dr Hussain has a Doctorate from Yale, and received an Associate Laureate Rolex Award for Enterprise in 2006, and was also awarded the National Geographic Society’s Emerging Explorer in 2009. Dipender Manta Tribune News Service Mandi, December 19 The authorities of the Great Himalayan National Park (GHNP), Kullu, are planning a census of snow leopards … All Rights reserved. On average, a snow leopard's length is between 75 and 150 cm (30 to 59 in), plus a tail that's 80 to 105 cm (31 to 41 in) long. . © Copyright Snowleopardblog 2008-2015. (c) Richard Bischof and Muhammad Ali Nawaz, Snow Leopard Foundation Pakistan. An estimated 200–420 snow leopards exist in Pakistan across Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KPK), Gilgit-Baltistan (GB), and Azad Jammu and Kashmir (AJK). . The Snow Leopard Trust is the largest and oldest organization working solely to protect the endangered snow leopard (Panthera uncia) and its habitat in 12 countries of Central Asia.The trust is a non-profit organization with its headquarters in Seattle, Washington.The present total population of snow leopards in the wild is estimated at between 3,920 and 6,390. Snow leopard looking into remote camera in Pakistan. The snow leopard is distributed from the west of Lake Baikal through southern Siberia, in the Kunlun Mountains, in the Russian Altai mountains, Sayan and Tannu-Ola Mountains, in the Tian Shan, across Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, and Uzbekistan to the Hindu Kush in eastern Afghanistan, Karakoram in northern Pakistan, in the Pamir Mountains, and in the high altitudes of the Himalayas in India, Nepal, and Bhutan, and the Tibetan Plateau. . Since 1998, close to U.S. $7,000 has been paid out in compensation for lost animals, and $13,000 invested on improving livestock corrals and other infrastructure. The Snow Leopard Trust says that temperatures in the big cat’s habitat in the mountains of Central Asia are rising. . … Habitat Loss . In Pakistan, WCS has created a multi-year program to help protect one of the last extensive high-elevation arid conifer forest ecosystems in Gilgit-Baltistan, home to the snow leopard and the snow leopard’s key prey species across much of this region, the flare-horned markhor. Although this estimate is higher than extrapolations based on earlier surveys, the long-term future of the snow leopard is under threat. In these magnificent mountain ranges the snow leopard shares its habitat with prey species like markhor (wild goat), Marco Polo sheep, Himalayan Ibex (wild goat), blue sheep and musk deer. Photo (c) Shafqat Hussain. The population of the rarely seen big cat has likely fallen to fewer than 450 in the country, … Given the large home ranges of individual cats—studies show that snow leopards can have a home range of up to 1,000 km2 and travel up to 200 km in a single foray — it is fair to assume that the Karakoram range in Pakistan helps form a large wildlife corridor important for the overall genetic flow between snow leopards in Pakistan, China, and India. Activities in Pakistan are centered on six villages adjacent to good quality snow leopard habitat where BWCDO has established Snow Leopard Conservation Committees responsible for managing and monitoring the community projects. The snow leopard has a wide habitat range of about 80,000 square kilometres in Pakistan and mostly lives above the treeline. “We are hopeful that the Kashmir region will also be incorporated in the snow leopard project”, said Khursheed. Scientists fear snow leopard habitat may have contracted by around 20% already. Almaty’s growing population and infrastructure … Project Snow Leopard (PSL) was founded in 1999 by Shafqat Hussain and is a partnership between the community and private enterprise now supporting a livestock insurance program to compensate local farmers for losses caused by snow leopards. Protecting Key Habitat in Pakistan. Snow leopards are found in 12 countries—including Pakistan, China, Bhutan, Nepal, India, Afghanistan, Russia, and Mongolia. The average snow leopard weighs between 22 and 55 kg (49 to 121 lb). A local report by Syed Mujahid Ali Shah highlights the impact of the disaster on snow leopard habitat in Pakistan. “The recent heavy rains in northern mountainous belts of Pakistan are hardly going to spare wild fauna from devastating their habitats as that of human population. Show Less . The snow leopard Uncia uncia is widely but thinly of snow leopard in Pakistan could be 100–250. WCS is active in the Northern Areas, but focuses primarily on community-based conservation of mountain ungulates like markhor, blue sheep and ibex which are often snow leopard prey specie). As in other range countries villagers also kill snow leopards in retaliation for the cats’ taking their domestic livestock. It occurs in a wide range in sub-Saharan Africa, in small parts of Western and Central Asia, on the Indian subcontinent to Southeast and East Asia. The total snow leopard habitat available in Pakistan is about 80,000 km2 and encompasses four high mountainous systems, namely the Hindu Kush, the Pamirs, the Karakorams, and the Himalayas. During winter local people have sightings of snow leopards close to an area known as Toshi Game Reserve. For communities in Pakistan’s snow leopard habitat, livestock is key to their livelihoods. LAND OF THE SNOW LEOPARD NETWORK Since 2010, the Snow Leopard Conservancy has worked with its partners to build a coalition of Indigenous Cultural Practitioners (ICPs) who live and work in snow leopard habitat. PAKISTAN. The SLF and SLT together are working on improving the quality of livestock corrals to stop snow leopards getting to sheep and goats as well as educational events aimed at local children to teach them about the value of the snow leopard. Within Pakistan, the GB province contains the largest proportion (> 60%) of the country’s snow leopard population which is largely concentrated in the province’s two largest and adjoining national parks, Khunjerab National Park (KNP) and Central Karakoram National Park (CKNP). Rangelands assessed to be burdened and overgrazed 20 years ago (Khan, 2003) are experiencing even higher degradation due to progressively increasing livestock numbers. For a herder living in the snow leopard’s habitat, the health and well-being of their livestock are inseparable from their livelihood, which a snow leopard attack has the potential to destroy. In Gilgit Baltistan the SLF/ PSLEP program office celebrated Snow Leopard Day in four local schools 1. PESHAWAR, (UrduPoint / Pakistan Point News - 24th Oct, 2019 ) : ... SLF has established Snow Leopard Clubs (nature clubs) in local community schools in snow leopard habitat. To the north, KNP and CKNP border important snow leopard habitat in China, home to the largest population of the cats throughout its 12-country range. Global Snow Leopard & Ecosystem Protection Program (GSLEP), Meet the experts who are helping snow leopards. They partner with the local Snow Leopard Foundation (SLF) to support fulltime and part-time staff to increase conservation efforts such as community education, remote camera trapping to get data on cat numbers and the Snow Leopard Enterprises scheme supporting local women in the making and selling of handcrafts. A national-level assessment deemed the species “critically endangered” within the country. Photograph of snow leopard looking into remote camera. . |Snow Leopards |Snow Leopard Facts | Snow Leopard Habitat, Key Snow Leopard Conservation and Research Reports. But the appearance of a common leopard on three cameras stationed near Batora glacier, at more than 3,200 meters above sea level, was unexpected. The majority of suitable habitat is in remote and inaccessible areas that appear to be well-connected through movement corridors. Climate change poses perhaps the greatest long-term threat to snow leopards. National Snow Leopard & Ecosystem Protection Plan:Download as PDF: Pakistan_NSLEP, Minister:Honorable Mr. Malik Amin AslamAdvisor to the Prime Minister on Climate ChangeMinistry of Climate Change, Designated National Focal Point:Mr. Muhammad Suleyman Khan WarraichJS(Admin) / Inspector General (Forests)Ministry of Climate Change, Director General/ Senior Official Supervising Snow Leopard Conservation:Ms. Naheed  S. DurraniFederal SecretaryMinistry of Climate Change, Integrating With Local & Global Economies, Pakistan: Snow Leopard & Ecosystem Programme, Afghanistan: Conservation of Snow Leopards & Ecosystems, China: Strengthening Protected Areas in Qinghai, Kazakhstan: Conservation & Sustainable Management, Uzbekistan: Sustainable Natural Resource Use. Also the impact of many years of military activities in the region has also had an impact on snow leopards. Snow leopards live across a vast area of northern and central Asia, including the Himalayan Mountains. Laurascudder, GNU Free Documentation License Diet and Behavior . Snow leopard range. In the Hindu Kush range, it is found in the Chitral district of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, and in the Karakoram range it is found in Gilgit, Ghizer, Hunza-Nagar, Skardu and … Since its most common habitat is Central Asia, the Snow leopard is considered an indicator of health for the mountainous ecosystem in the region. Recommend 0. During winter local people have sightings of snow leopards close to an area known as Toshi Game Reserve. There are 200 to 420 snow leopards left in Pakistan with total habitat area of 80, 000 sq km. As snow leopards move to slightly lower altitudes, the common leopard (whose habitats include forests and woodlands at lower elevations) is moving upwards, said Sandeep Kumar, the forester at Uttarkashi. American organization Snow Leopard Trust runs livestock insurance programs with the Snow Leopard Foundation of Pakistan. China is one of the most influential countries for our conservation efforts, as it contains as much as 60% of all snow leopard habitat areas. Pakistan's total estimated snow leopard habitat is about 80,000 km2 of which about half is considered prime habitat. The snow leopard in Pakistan is an endangered species. Review efficiency of PAs in snow leopard range and identify shortcomings. Finding snow leopards on these photos didn’t surprise the researchers – after all, that was the purpose of their camera trap study. Some of the activities undertaken to date include building predator-proof corrals for livestock, improved livestock guarding and livestock insurance programs, environmental education, outreach, and community-based monitoring using snow leopard sign surveys, periodic prey counts and camera trap surveys. Afghanistan snow leopard habitat. Based on the availability of suitable snow leopard habitat and of its prey species, I estimate that 90–120 snow leopards are potentially present in Baltistan and 300–420 throughout its range within Pakistan's borders. Partner Organization. When a cat attacks and kills goats or cows, conflicts are often the result. Threats to snow leopards in Chitral are often due to snow leopards killing domestic livestock. Through my research I estimated that Pakistan holds 23,129 km2 of suitable habitat for the wolf. by aritha | Dec 22, 2018 | Range Countries. Meanwhile, the snow leopard population seems to have remained stable. Therefore it is critical that snow leopards in Pakistan be protected and local people, local agencies like National Parks of Pakistan and conservation agencies work to save this population. Aug 09, 2020 04:37pm. At present, between 4,500 and 7,500 snow leopards exist across the world and in Pakistan, according to previous estimates, between 320 and 400 snow leopards … In Pakistan, the snow leopard is found only in the Hindu Kush and Karakoram  region of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Gilgit-Baltistan, and Azad Kashmir with an estimated population of around 200-420 according to the Snow Leopard Trust. About 7000 local people are involved in these programs. The valleys in this area are very remote and have not been involved in many conservation projects but are very important for long term snow leopard populations to survive in Pakistan. Dr Rod Jackson of the Snopw Leopard Conservancy training wildlife monitors in mountains of Pakistan. In October 2012, WWF began a four-year project to conserve snow leopard habitat, promote water security, and help communities prepare for climate change impacts in Central Asia. In Pakistan, The snow leopard's geographic distribution runs from the Hindu Kush through the Pamir Mountains, Karakoram, Kashmir and the Himalaya. These majestic ranges are home to some of the world’s most fascinating and endangered wild species, including the markhor (Capra falconeri), Marco Polo sheep (Ovis ammon polii), musk deer (Moschus chrysogaster), Himalayan lynx (Lynx lynx), blue sheep (Pseudois nayaur), brown bear (Ursus arctos), Indian wolf (Canis lupus), Himalayan ibex (Capra sibirica), and the snow leopard, which is taken as an indicator of this mountainous ecosystem. Snow leopard news . Nepal is home to the 4th largest population of snow leopards.There are thought to be 300-400 snow leopards in Nepal. A photo showing domestic sheep and goats presumed to have been killed by a snow leopard in the mountains of Pakistan. DJ High school Teru, Phander, 2. Chitral District is one of Pakistan’s key snow leopard habitats, located high in the Hindu Kush Mountains on the western edge of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Province. LAND OF THE SNOW LEOPARD NETWORK Since 2010, the Snow Leopard Conservancy has worked with its partners to build a coalition of Indigenous Cultural Practitioners (ICPs) who live and work in snow leopard habitat. Due to unsustainable forms of hunting, it is losing its main prey – ungulates, such as Siberian Ibex or Argali. Many years of war in Afghanistan have had a bad impact on snow leopard habitat in that country. The presence of the common leopard in the snow leopard’s territory can be dangerous for the snow leopard due to its aggressive nature.” Reported intrusions. Protecting Key Habitat in Pakistan. 22 Pakistan’s total estimated snow leopard habitat is about 80,000 km2 of which about half is 23 considered prime. Loss, poaching, and revered elders by a snow leopard conservation and Development Organization in... 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