So if C Major is C (1) E (3) G (5), then C minor will be C (1) Eb (b3) G (5). The natural minor scale, also known as the Aeolian mode is one of the most used guitar scales in rock and popular music. Starting on the 1st (or root) note of a scale, you’d use this formula to play the natural minor scale with the following intervals: • Whole step • Half step • Whole step • Whole step • Half step • Whole step • Whole step. Play the notes in the number order shown below. This note will give the name to the scale (“E minor”). (For i… To simplify, you can memorize this formula to form a minor scale: whole step - half step - whole step - whole step - half step - whole step - whole step (or) w - h - w - w - h - w - … The following charts compare the different scale formulas of the major scale modes that are used for keys and chord progressions. The focus of this lesson will be on getting familiar with how the minor scale is made, how it differs from the major scale, and how to apply a simple minor scale shape to a jam track. A key has two components: a tonal center and some sort of scale, or set of pitches used for creating harmony and melody., a choice to use a pattern of seven notes forming a set called the major scale. The first letter in our formula is a “W”, which means you have to take the note 2 frets higher than E, that is an F# and write it down. guitar scales. While the major scale is the basis of all music theory, the minor scale is the most used in rock music, The minor scale is defined by the formula W-H-W-W-H-W-W, where “W” stands for “whole tone” (equal to 2 frets on the guitar) and “H” for “half tone” (equal to 1 fret on the guitar). The scale formula for the minor pentatonic can be a useful thing to know if you want to work out the notes in any given minor pentatonic scale. Here is a step-by-step explanation on how to use this formula. The harmonic minor scale has a very "Gothic" or "Medieval" sound which comes from the major seventh interval opposing the minor third. I will cover both melodic and harmonic minor scales in later lessons once you have the proper foundation knowledge. Once you feel comfortable with it, pull up the jam track and try playing the scale along to it. There are certain things your Mom probably taught you not to do: don't talk to strangers, don't cross the street without looking both ways, and don't forget to wash your hands before you eat. This scale is most commonly broken up into what's known as … The C minor scale is considered the relative minor scale of the Eb major scale because they contain the exact same notes. If you are stuck in the pentatonic box then this is the way out of it. For this reason they are called the relative minor. You proceed the same way with all the other letters. The F Minor scale consists of seven notes. The formula for the minor scale is whole, half, whole, whole, half, whole, whole. by . Numbers above the note indicate the finger to use (1=index, 2=middle, 3=ring, 4=pinky). There are many more scales for guitar of course, and each of them is used to express different emotions. b3 (flat three) means you take the third note of the major scale only a half step … The notes of the C melodic minor scale ascending are: C, D, Eb, F, G, A, B, C. This makes it less ‘characterful’ but perhaps more versatile, as it can be used over a greater number of chord progressions in the rock / pop genre. Relationship to parallel major. Tbh though, in that song, over the E minor in the key of E minor… you can get away with a lot. This ‘b’ means to ‘flat the third’ or to lower the 3rd by a half tone. Yes, C melodic minor over the B7 = B altered scale. This is very similar to the dorian scale, however this time we have a minor 6th note, rather than a major 6th note. Applying that scale formula to the notes of the C major scale yields: C – D – Eb – F – G – Ab – Bb. The third letter on the formula is “W”, so now you have to take the note that is 2 frets higher than G, that is A, and write it down. A pattern that repeats itself every two strings, and so it is easier to remember and to use in improvisation. The first way is to start with the major scale. Master the minor pentatonic scale using the whole fretboard. The root note for the minor scale is always 3 frets behind the root note of the major scale. The minor scale is defined by the formula W-H-W-W-H-W-W, where “W” stands for “whole tone” (equal to 2 frets on the guitar) and “H” for “half tone” (equal to 1 fret on the guitar). Building the Minor Scale. Author: Lee Nichols Creator of www.guitar-chords.or.uk If you moved the root note up two frets to A and followed the same whole-step/half-step structure, you would form the A minor scale. guitar chords. In this lesson we will only focus on the natural minor scale first. The formula for the minor pentatonic scale in steps is 1 and half whole steps, 1 whole step, 1 whole step, 1 and a half whole steps, 1 whole step. guitar arpeggios. The minor scale formula follows the pattern W, H, W, W, H, W, W. Lastly, you can take a modal approach to the minor scale. The major scale is a series of 7 notes that are a subset of the 12 notes in the chromatic scaleA scale consisting of all 12 of the notes used in modern music.. Understanding the minor scale will allow will help you build other minor scales including the harmonic minor scale. This is true in all keys, as you can check easily using the table above and the one in our previous lesson on the major scale. Both scales include the same notes but their tonal center differ. Like the major scale, the minor scale is made up of a series of whole-steps (W) and half-steps (H). Just like the major scale, the natural minor scale is one of the essential scales used on the guitar, and in time it will become an important part of your lead guitar arsenal. If you did everything correctly you will find that the E minor scale is E F# G A B C D. The minor pentatonic scale formula is 1, b3, 4, 5, b7. https://goo.gl/Ts2uU6In this lead guitar lesson, we'll be taking a first look at the natural minor scale. Abbotsford, BC, V2T 6H2 Canada This new scale is the C natural minor scale, which is usually just referred to as the C minor scale. Most music relies on keyThe set of pitches that a piece of music is organized around. [email protected], Musora Media, Inc. © 2019 -   Terms  /   Here we are spanning three full octaves on the guitar. This means the formula for the minor pentatonic scale is made up of the 1st (root), 3rd (♭3), 4th (p4), 5th (p5), and 7th (♭7) from the minor scale. Playing minor scales on the guitar is simply a matter of following the pattern shown below. If she had known about augmented seconds, she probably would have warned you about those, too. Minor Scale Patterns and Positions on the Guitar Fretboard. Here is a step-by-step explanation on how to use this formula. The formula for a minor chord is 1 b3 5. The C minor scale is considered the relative minor scale of the Eb major scale because they contain the exact same notes. T = Tone [whole step] • S = Semitone [half step] • TS = Tone + Semitone (minor 3rd interval) Note that the scale is made up of two sequences of TS T joined by a T. This might help you remember it! By Desi Serna . Direct: 1-604-855-7605 On the guitar a scale or chord formula is its pattern of steps and intervals. The natural minor scale, when compared to other scales with a minor tonality such as the Dorian scale, jazz minor scale and the harmonic minor scale, has a somewhat ‘neutral’ tone. In this lead guitar lesson, we'll be taking a first look at the natural minor scale. Get the FREE Beginner Guitar Starter Kit! This combination of notes is called the minor scale. What is the A minor scale? A major scale is 1-2-3-4-5-6-7. Looking above, we see that the scale formula for the natural minor scale is: 1 – 2 – b3 – 4 – 5 – b6 – b7. The minor scale also contains 7 notes (heptatonic) but differs in the fact that the 3rd, 6th and 7th steps are flattened by one semitone or fret on the guitar. Don't worry too much about being creative right away and just focus on listening to how the minor scale sounds when played over the simple C minor 7 groove. A scale is a very specific pattern of notes that is used to create the basic building blocks of music: melody and harmony. For example, a major triad is 1-3-5. For the application part of this lesson, we'll be using a simple C minor scale shape that starts on the 6th string and only travels one octave. This is what you will find: If we compare a C major scale (C D E F G A B) with a C minor scale (C D Eb F G Ab Bb) we notice that the minor scale has the 3rd, 6th, and 7th note lowered by one fret respect to the major scale. Composers have gone to great lengths to set rules about what to do and what not to do when writing melodies. Since pentatonic scales contain 5 notes, we need to remove two from the minor scale in order to get the minor pentatonic. Work on getting this new scale shape under your fingers. A natural minor scale can also be constructed by altering a major scale with accidentals. A more regular pattern that is the favorite of many rock/metal players since it is easier to speed up than the previous pattern. If you have watched the last few frames in the animation above you can see that the F# minor scale has exactly the notes as an A major scale. If you want more lessons like this one, be sure to sign up for the Free Guitar Toolbox. Based on the idea that each finger controls one fret (the index finger actually controls two frets). Once we've lowered those notes we're left with a C minor scale. Minor Jazz Scales – The Harmonic Minor Scale. In order to build a scale from the intervals of the octave we need a formula. For the melodic minor scale, you raise the sixth and seventh notes of a scale by a half step as you go up the scale and then return to the natural minor as you go down the scale. The formula describes the interval distances between each note of the scale. , theory suggests using E natural minor guitar scale natural minor scale Aeolian mode one. The scale along to it worry about would have warned you about those, too of that... 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