5.0 out of 5 stars This a fully updated version of the previous print run. by Albertha Mante. The good news is there is NO "correct" way to pronounce them! BRUN-er-ah and brun–NAIR-uh are two pronunciations I encounter often in Maryland. The generic (genus) name and the specific name or epithet, together, is referred to as a binomial. And so does Fine Gardening Magazine’s Online Pronunciation Guide. names only, but never bothered to tell me how to pronounce them. I sometimes get asked about correct pronunciations of plant names. Thus, we can thank Carl Von Linnaeus for setting the foundation of classification for us. Written by Rebecca Alexander, it’s a clever look at our struggle not to embarrass ourselves by mispronouncing botanical names in front of other gardeners. Ask a few gardeners and you’ll get a wide range of answers on any given plant depending on where they’re from. But other sources draw a distinction between the American WAY-guh-luh and the English WHY-guh-luh. Names like 'clematis' are easy, although I seem to recall there's a proper way to pronounce that, with the stresses in the right place, but who cares, really, its the more complicated, lengthy names that make a book like Plant Names Simplified very useful indeed. I should point out that I am not of the opinion that in all cases there is only one 'correct' way to pronounce a name, so if others differ in their pronunciations, so be it. As more species were discovered, polynomial taxonomy became unwieldy. ? The various names have nothing in common. Pronunciations are given for both genus names and where listed after a genus species names too. http://www.finegardening.com/pronunciation-guide-, http://overplanted.com/resources/latin.php#B-, Citrus Greening (HLB) Detected In Riverside, CA Master Gardener Handbook - UC ANR Giveaway, Spring Miniature Floral Arrangements Series - Part 1. New names and languages are added to the site everyday. The brilliance of Botanical Latin is that it provides a common language for horticulturists by assigning one name to one plant that is recognized by all. In this case, there are no clear rules on how to pronounce them. The most common is the grouping of several genera (plural of genus) into a family. The specific name allows identification between different plants within a genus. Once we understand the taxonomic name of the plant, we can begin to assign the appropriate name. Helpful. In addition, Latin names tell you the following about a plant: WHERE IT’S FROM: Canadensis (Canada), chenesis (China), japonica (Japan), ITS COLOR: Alba (white), nigra (black) purpurea (purple), WHERE IT GROWS: Sylvatica (growing in the woods), nivalis (growing near snow), ITS SHAPE OR HABIT: Compacta (dense) procumbens (low-growing) dendron (tree-like) gracilis (slender). Pronunciation of plants with 2 audio pronunciations, 5 synonyms, 18 sentences and more for plants. Then there are names of plants. The specific epithet always follows the generic name starting with a lower -case letter, e.g. Moreover, Botanical Latin is fundamentally a written language – there is no universally agreed upon pronunciation of the words. Generic and specific names are Latin, or Latinised names, usually Greek. Steve had already forwarded me the article entitled ‘Say What: Pronouncing Botanical Latin’ by the time I got home. First published in 1966, it is a guide to Latin usage in the botanical world and, according to its book jacket, ‘accepted by horticulturists and botanists everywhere as the medium for naming new plants.’ Coincidently, the author also penned Steve’s favorite quote above. This systematic process for naming plants and animals is still the universally recognized system. It is best to pronounce names so that they are understood where you are. Blog how to pronounce plant names. Before Linnaeus, formal plant names used a polynomial structure that consisted of a generic name combined with a secondary descriptive phrase. Jul12. Read about BioNTech In 1752, Swedish Botanist Carl Von Linnaeus published Species Plantarum, which was the beginning of binomial nomenclature. Stearn says ”One common approach is to pronounce botanical names according to classical Latin. How to say plant. That made it difficult for me to talk about my plants, or even remember them for that matter! Many of us gardeners have become familiar with plant history and names primarily by reading books and consulting useful websites like Dave’s Garden. The Cultivated Plant Code was derived from the Botanic Code around the 1950's, the result of a need for a practical non-Latin system used primarily for commerce. :-) I am determined to become more familiar with the scientific names as I go along with my gardening life. BioNTech: learn how to pronounce BioNTech in English with the correct pronunciation approved by native linguists. You use the scientific family name without using the word family. The Merriam –Webster Online Dictionary (audio version) agrees with me that weigela is pronounced why–GEE-Luh. 0 rating rating ratings . But, ultimately the most important thing is to know which scientific names the common names refer to and how those names are spelled. Years ago, the only names I knew for plants came from books which tended to use the botanical names only, but never bothered to tell me how to pronounce them. How to say plant. I think it's worth it. As I sheepishly learned that day, Heuchera preserves an accurate pronunciation of a person’s name. Communicating effectively about plants requires an international system. Learning Botanical Latin Plant Names and Other Things. by Isaac Rolfson. In this case, there are no clear rules on how to pronounce them. There are hierarchal levels of classification above and below the genus and species. For example, Blue Oak is Quercus douglasii, pronounced Quer cus douglas ee eye. Updated Jan 10, 2019; Posted Jan 07, 2011 . A great example is brunnera. Also many scientific names are not derived from Latin. In fact, emphasis on different syllables seems to be the main difference in pronunciation. Napoli and for the Argentinian National team, with which he won the 1986 World Cup. Or, sometimes a plant can have several common names, making it hard to recognize whether or not someone is talking about a species you know. So, here is the secret of pronouncing botanical names: just pronounce all the letters as best you can and say it with authority and you’ll be fine. I have simply given up on trying to maintain any consistency. Acer (maple) = Ā-ser; Buddleja (butterfly bush) = BUD-lee-uh; Eriobotrya (loquat) e-ri-oh-BOT-ri-ah; Cytisus (broom) = SIT-i-sus; Hedychium (ginger) = hee-DICK-e-um; Heuchera (coral-bell) = HU-ker-ah; Hyssop (an aromatic herb) = HISS-up My mother and I give each other the giggles when we remind each other about our botanical mispronunciation fox paws. Plant taxonomy refers to all plants: past, present and future. As with plants within the same genus, plants in the same family have common characteristics. It’s easy to find guides to pronounce common, usually outdoor, plant names, such as hydrangea or clematis. A primer on plant pronunciation: How close can you come to pronouncing some of these plant names correctly? A botanical name is made up of two or more parts. He supposedly chose Latin because it was a dead language and didn’t risk offending anyone who might then refuse to study horticulture. Pronunciation Guide. According to Merriam Webster, it is pronounced, CHAM-ah-cyp-a-riss. They are often colorful, descriptive and memorable. People often say why-JEEL-ah (myself included). Pronounced by Native Speakers. It is known by many local names throughout the world. And often they are applied to more than one plant. That’s when another team member, Steve, piped in. Knowing the botanical name of a plant allows us to converse about a specific plant throughout the world. Well written. How plants get their names. The case of personal names converted into botanical names is one of the most vexing, and the one that I have struggled over the most. Including Scientific Names of Plants and Animals: by Peter Ommundsen Latin biological names in English speech are usually pronounced with English letter sounds. Common Name Latin Name Pronunciation; Fine Gardening Magazine. For example, virus is pronounced "vye-rus" in English, but would have been pronounced "weeros" in the Latin of ancient Rome. And that’s when I suggested chamaecyparis. Maradona played for F.C. Recently he had read an article on the origin of botanical names and according to him, much of it may be up for discussion. Diego Armando Maradona was an Argentinian football player who is considered to be one of the best footballers to ever play the game. Take for example, the showy shrub weigela, named after the German botanist Christian Ehrenfried von Weigel (1748-1831). Most plant names that contain a person’s name are usually straightforward to pronounce. This book is small but extremely helpful in understanding how to pronounce plant names and their meanings. But what about indoor houseplants? Early classification efforts seem far fetched and even humorous today. In the Azores it is known as Inhame, in Egypt it is known as Kolkas, in the West Indies it is known as Dasheen. I guess it depends what side of the Atlantic you’re on. Not only are botanical names standardized, but they also enable the user to communicate about plants with anyone, regardless of language, all over the world. For example, Taro is a common name for several plants in the Araceae family. Examples included grouping plants by their color, shape, or location. View Full Issue; View Issue Archive; Subscribe; Renew; Fine Gardening - Issue 196 A Fool and His Garden | Letter from the Editor . By The Oregonian/OregonLive View full size The Oregonian Is this a cle-MAT-is or a CLEM-a-tis? This can be a challenge for the gardener. Fear not, NameShouts is a web app, which … Binomial nomenclature looks (and sounds) separate system using unique Latin names. Barcelona and S.S.C. Together, they tell you the plant species. How to say plants in English? The common names used for this plant are anise hyssop, licorice mint, and wonder honey plant. Take for example, the showy shrub weigela, named after the German botanist Christian Ehrenfried von Weigel (1748-1831). However, the German consonant ‘w’ is pronounced like an English ‘v’… Comment Report abuse. Sure enough, in one of the central beds, a group of plants had recently given up the ghost on a prominent corner. You may pronounce them any way you wish, and you will be just as "correct" as any Ph.D. botanist. However, classical Latin doesn’t necessarily include all of the sounds used in botanical Latin.” This makes things difficult, indeed. 0 rating rating ratings . With the team looking at me expectantly, I pronounced it cham-oh-SIP-reus. plant pronunciation. In no time, we all agreed that a lacy evergreen would be the perfect replacement. It is known by many local names throughout the world. The Plant Guide Browse the Full Plant Guide. All too often, plant lovers everywhere become a victim to mispronouncing plant names. Thanks. how to pronounce plant names. Over 360K Names. It's often asked why plants have difficult to remember Latin names when their common name is far easier to recall. The Botanical Code focuses on the scientific classification used worldwide by taxonomists. For gardeners, a working knowledge of botanical Latin for the accurate identification of plants in the garden is essential. Frank Gordon-Alleyne. Agriculture and Natural Resources, University of California. And then there are those plant names that honor people and have been incorporated into the botanical name. Need to pronounce plant names, any good books I can get. Learn more. If anyone quibbles, take pride in the fact that they are wrong and you are right. When Linnaeus’s binomial scheme appeared, it was italicized additional name. Frequent inquiry as to the correct pronunciation of plant names has led us to compile the following list of names, selecting those in most common use in the trade, and including botanical terms most frequently met with in articles upon plant culture. The binomial name being Brassica oleracea. But I’ve also heard brun–NEER-ah on the West Coast used as the botanical name. The list of common names throughout the world for this popular plant is numerous. Below is a list of resources that offer assistance in the pronunciation of plant names: o   http://www.howjsay.com/- “howjsay,” an online audio guide, o   http://davesgarden.com/guides/botanary/- “Dave's Garden,” online pronunciation guide, o   http://www.forvo.com/languages/la/- “Forvo,” an online audio guide, o   http://www.finegardening.com/pronunciation-guide- “fine Gardening,” an online pronunciation guide, o   http://overplanted.com/resources/latin.php#B- “Overplanted,” an online Botanical Latin Pronunciation Guide, o   Sunset Western Garden Book- has a pronunciation guide, o   The Pronouncing Dictionary of Plant Names- American Nurseryman Publishing Co.- a book, o   Latin for Gardeners: Over 3,000 Plant Names Explained and Explored- Lorraine Harrison- a book, o   “Scientific Names”- a Google play App, So the next time you're looking to add a little mystery to an evening with your beloved simply say, “Honey, would you like to partake in Lens Culinaris and Brassica Oleracea this evening?”, Another interesting article on this subject can be found at: www.jlhudsonseeds.net/Pronunciation.htm. Alexander cites William Stearn’s ‘Botanical Latin’ as a primary source. These codes provide a framework in the world of plant names. So, while the same plant may have different common names in different parts of the country, the scientific name is unique. Click to share on Pinterest (Opens in new window), Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window), Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window), Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window), Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window), Fine Gardening Magazine’s Online Pronunciation Guide. Actually, it might be in your best interest (as I've found it works better) to know how to spell the plant names. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. This is a really useful little book if you want to know how to pronounce plant names correctly. Pronounce plant names fearlessly . Languages include Mandarin, Spanish, French, Hindi, Greek, Arabic, Japanese, Russian and more. For example, Taro is a common name for several plants in the Araceae family. Learn how your comment data is processed. I don't mind occasionally mixing up two plants (which is the usual argument given in favor of scientific names). Fine Gardening - Issue 197 Traveling Plants | Letter from the Editor. However, the German consonant ‘w’ is pronounced like an English ‘v’, which would make the true pronunciation VIE-gee-lah. Learn how to pronounce Plants This is the *English* pronunciation of the word Plants. Relax! People often say why-JEEL-ah (myself included). Listen to the audio pronunciation in the Cambridge English Dictionary. The scientific names of plants may be difficult to pronounce, but necessary since the common name of a plant may be different in various parts of the country or the world. My co-chair’s raised eyebrows were a clear indication of my misstep. leucadendron (A.Cunn. Let’s talk about plant pronunciation. This is going to be a simple post, but an important one. Listen to the audio pronunciation in the Cambridge English Dictionary. The first part is the genus name and the second part is the specific epithet (descriptive term.) As a communicator, I personally love common names. We have the Swedish botanist Carl Linnaeus to thank for assigning Latin names to plants. Common names usually reflect a characteristic of a plant, not its taxonomic group. Family names start with a capital letter and generally end with aceae. Brassica oleracea is in the family Brassicaceae or Cruciferae. In both series are minute and simple forms and others of great size and complexity. Very informative and gives me some more resources. : Brassica. The generic name is a group of plants that share similar characteristics, ideally from the same common ancestor. Phyto..., Asteraceae... what! They tell us that Latin is a dead language, and so it is. This third level course is packed with information aimed at increasing our knowledge. The scientific names of plants may be difficult to pronounce, but necessary since the common name of a plant may be different in various parts of the country or the world. Pronounce Names Right! Latin words can confuse even the most seasoned of gardeners and chamaecyparis is no exception. Even the term 'Latin name' isn't strictly correct as many plant names are derived from other languages, including Greek and native ancient languages. She poses the question: Are there hard and fast rules for pronouncing botanical names? This tree has been named after David Douglas, a Scottish plant hunter who discovered … Just the other day, I was working with a bunch of Master Gardeners preparing a garden for the county fair when one of them noticed a bare space. Binomial names are always written with the generic name first, starting with a capital letter, e.g. Consequently, I could recognize the names of quite a few plants, but hesitated to pronounce any of them. Their last name is Anderson. Search Main Features. No one knows how it sounded in ancient Rome. Pronunciation of Scientific Names. Learn more. Some are as simple as pronouncing the person’s name, followed by ee (long “e”) + eye. BOTANICAL NAMES MAY INCLUDE PEOPLE’S NAMES. How to pronounce plant. Often people are insecure about this, and worry that they will "look stupid" if the get the name "wrong". Listen to the audio pronunciation in English. Note: ☞ Plants are divided by their structure and methods of reproduction into two series, phænogamous or flowering plants, which have true flowers and seeds, and cryptogamous or flowerless plants, which have no flowers, and reproduce by minute one-celled spores. Generally, all plants throughout the world have only one correct scientific name. Other names for this timber are yellow pine and Weymouth pine, the last name originating in the fact that the earl of Weymouth first introduced it into England. And then there are those plant names that honor people and have been incorporated into the botanical name. I have a habit of inadvertently misstating colloquial phrases: it was larger than a mole hole, hindsight is 50/50, or she wasn’t the smartest hoe in the shed. But in other sources, I found variations on my co-chair’s rendition: All to say, we may not agree on pronunciation, but thanks to botanical names, she and I knew what we were talking about. Great article, Adande. Again, the pronunciation of scientific names is not universal and will vary based on the local language. Fortunately, there are some general principles of pronunciation that will guide you in saying these long and seemingly unpronounceable names. Alexander concludes that you could waste a lot of time arguing about it all. When Linnaeus’s binomial scheme … How the heck am I supposed to pronounce these words? But we’d have a hard time understanding one another if we each made up our own pronunciations, so guidelines have evolved. Plants are named according to the International Code of Botanic Nomenclature (Botanical Code), and the International Code of Botanic Nomenclature for Cultivated Plants (Cultivated Plant Code). In the 1700s, he developed a system for classifying plants according to genus and species. 21 Languages. Common names, on the other hand, can vary widely from region to region. Take for example agastache (commonly known as Hummingbird Mint or Hyssop) or Jacobaea maritima (commonly known as Silver ragwort or Dusty Miller.) Read more. At the simplest level of scientific classification, each plant's name is made up of two parts. How it works. A word of advice is to not expand on what is present. Steve wrote that, for him, the most interesting sentence was, ‘How they are pronounced really matters little provided they sound pleasant and are understood by all concerned.’. There are further subdivisions of plant groups based upon the variation in form and distribution in nature. For example, snowball bush can refer to a viburnum or hydrangea, depending on your region. So, back to Chamaecyparis (which, by the way, I need to look up each time I spell it). You can pronounce them however you want that way (LOL) in order to write them on paper to show someone what you want! Unfortunately, though, being able to spell a plant’s name doesn’t guarantee that you will automatically pronounce it correctly. Just Pronounce All the Letters. : oleracea. The author is the Plant Answer Line librarian at University of Washington’s Miller Library for Urban horticulture. ‘I think you mean, kam-ah-si-PIE-russ, ‘ she said kindly. Over six weeks have passed since I wrote the article about following my curiosity, joined a dozen students in Kildalton Agricultural & Horticulture College and began studying the Level 6 Advanced Certificate in Horticulture. 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