Call toll free at 1-877-398-4769, Monday to Friday, 9 a.m. to 2 p.m., or e-mail us at answers@unh.edu. Gardeners in New Hampshire, particularly those in the southern counties and along the Connecticut River Valley, will undoubtedly come into conflict with deer at some point in time. Boxwoods are among the most versatile broadleaf evergreens for a deer-resistant garden. Dr. Mark A. Miller. Choosing Evergreens Deer Won’t Eat When planning a garden filled with deer … Male deer also cause damage by rutting or rubbing their antlers along the stems or trunks of trees and stripping off bark. Boxwood is best suited to sheltered locations where it will have some protection. As with other types of plants (shrubs, perennials, etc.) Deer … Deer Resistant Evergreens for Privacy Screens One of the most common questions we get is what are my options for an evergreen privacy screen. Spring Glory Forsythia. Juniper generally is low maintenance, simply requiring some pruning to control its growth. Fast-growing evergreens that possess one or more of these qualities may prevent deer damage in your landscape. Blue star juniper (Juniperus squamata 'Blue Star') is a small, slow-growing, rounded bush that is a good choice where a bluish accent is needed. This shrub is fairly low maintenance, simply requiring pruning to keep its shape, though it should be protected from cold winter winds. Deer tolerant plants come in a variety of types, and they cover all manner of plant types: shrubs, trees, shade plants, and evergreens. Inkberry is likely the best native shrub to grow as an informal hedge. Yes, those pesky marauders will likely forage in your garden again this year. This shrub also will spread, so remove its suckers if you want to keep it contained in one area. Hellebores grow in full to partial shade in zones 4-9. See the List of Deer Resistant Trees below that can withstand deer damage or they are trees the deer avoid altogether.. Damage to landscape trees has become an increasing issue because of rising deer population, and the spreading of suburban development into the deer… In many locations in New Hampshire, the evergreen foliage tends to turn brownish-yellow when plants are grown in areas with full sun and winter winds. Many additional cultivated varieties have been introduced to the nursery trade that have blooms in various shades of pink, red and combinations thereof. Though boxwood does not sport showy flowers, its deep green foliage grows densely and can form a good screen. Hellebores (Helleborus spp.) Also, prune dead and diseased parts as needed. Introducing "One Thing": A New Video Series, The Spruce Gardening & Plant Care Review Board, The Spruce Renovations and Repair Review Board, Daphne (Daphne x burkwoodii 'Carol Mackie'). They grow up to … Note that no plant is completely "deer-proof" , particularly when deer … Planting and Mulching Trees and Shrubs [fact sheet], University of New Hampshire Cooperative Extension Remember "deer-resistant" is not "deer-proof." Chinese juniper (Juniperus chinensis) is another needled evergreen that is similar to Eastern red cedar in many regards. David Beaulieu is a garden writer with nearly 20 years experience writing about landscaping and over 10 years experience working in nurseries. Even with many of the shrubs and trees deer tend to avoid they may still … It is also an excellent plant for wildlife, as many species of songbirds, such as Cedar Waxwings, will eat the blueish-gray, berry-like cones. Eastern red cedar (Juniperus virginiana) is likely the closest alternative to arborvitae that can be grown in New Hampshire. Deer are often the cause of damage to trees by two ways, eating or rubbing or both. The berries also are toxic to people and pets, so take care when planting the shrub. Some shrubs are more deer resistant than others as there are a few factors which influence this described below in Using Deer Resistant Shrubs. So, even after investing in some deer proof plants, consider protecting any saplings. Planting deer resistant evergreen plants, for example, can help to create a beautiful green space all year long. But if the bark is completely stripped from a shrub or tree, that can mean the end of the plant. They're fairly low maintenance, except for an annual pruning to maintain their shape and remove unhealthy portions. Here are 10 varieties of deer-resistant shrubs. Plants can grow in full sun to shade, but their leaves and branches aren’t as dense in the shade, and plants are less vigorous. While plants can grow into large trees, a great number of smaller shrubby varieties can be found at garden centers. You get a 3-for-1 deal with arrowwood viburnum (Viburnum dentatum). Its fragrance is one of the true delights of the spring garden, but the aroma and poisonous berries are distasteful to deer. Additionally, most young trees are like dessert to deer. Deer often cause damage to trees, shrubs, and other landscape plants causing avid gardeners and tree planters to spend money on deer repellents or deer tubes.. No tree or shrub is completely deer proof, but some are more deer resistant … Boxwoods often have a heavy but pleasant scent. Pieris has glossy dark green leaves year-round and drooping white flower clusters in early spring that attract bumblebees and other pollinators. This smell is what makes deer recoil and avoid eating the plant. Kathleen Miller is a Master Gardener and Horticulturist with over 30 years experience in gardening and sustainable farming. Mountain laurel grows in the wild in various locations throughout New Hampshire. They can grow in full sun and acidic soil, up to a height of about 40 to 60 feet. Russian sage (Perovskia atriplicifolia), which is technically a subshrub, has bluish flowers with silvery-gray foliage. Inkberry (Ilex glabra) is a native evergreen holly species that is popular as a screen in garden settings because it is adaptable to both well-drained and wet soils. They also require little care. Mountain laurel (Kalmia latifolia) is one of the few native evergreen shrubs that deer largely ignore. This deer-resistant shrub bears reddish fall foliage and bluish berries in addition to white flowers in the spring. Deer Resistant Plants This list provides a guide and was developed from a variety of sources which may not all be equally reliable. Boxwood is hardy to zone 5 but may suffer damage in harsh winters. Check out some of the best deer resistant plants prone to thriving in Wisconsin. These are broadleaf plants that are very hardy, and they are easy to prune.You can choose from four basic kinds of boxwoods – Korean, Japanese, English and American.English boxwoods are the most common. Prune the shrub once a year after it's done flowering to control its height. So if you are a stickler for linguistic detail, instead of calling these trees "deer resistant," think of these trees as those that are not a deer… These shrubs come in many shapes and sizes, so you can just about guarantee you’ll find more than a few that are just right for your situation. Pruning is optional if you wish to keep the bush compact with more prolific flowers. To keep the plant well-shaped and flowering, cut it back by about half in the early spring. The Ask UNH Extension Infoline offers practical help finding answers for your home, yard, and garden questions. It has small, glossy, dark green leaves that are spineless, and produces small black fruit that are enjoyed by various songbird species. Some animals still might choose to take a bite out of these shrubs, especially if food options are limited. Inkberry is easy to grow in most landscapes, provided there is full sun or part shade. Common boxwood (Buxus sempervirens) has long been a favorite shrub for hedges, and it is one of the most deer-tolerant plants for gardens. It is considered a staple in formal … Many selections of this wonderfully easy ground cover are evergreen … The plant features small, rounded, glossy green leaves and tiny, insignificant flowers. It is the fragrance of bayberry that deters deer from eating it. The following is a list of landscape plants rated according to their resistance to deer damage. Japanese pieris (Pieris japonica), sometimes known as Andromeda, is a broadleaf evergreen shrub that can grow up to 10 feet tall, depending on variety. Buxus sempervirens is a plant deer don't like to eat because its evergreen foliage is aromatic (but please note, not all fragrant plants are resistant to deer.). In general, prune roses in the early spring before blooms start to show. River Birch, Betula nigra: Curling off white bark, tolerant to wet soil, grows to 40’-70’, fast growth … used in foiling deer, "deer-resistant trees" is something of a misnomer. Invasive in the Spotlight: Multiflora Rose. A favorite of just about every gardener who fights dry, shady conditions, epimedium is a knockout perennial with cute flowers (in shades of pink, red, orange, white, and yellow) and deer-resistant foliage. Meanwhile, blue rug juniper (Juniperus horizontalis 'Blue Rug') often serves as a ground cover on hillsides. Oh, deer! There are many possibilities among evergreen species, flowering shrubs, and other specimens that deer aren't likely to munch on. One important thing to note is that Eastern red cedar is an alternate host for cedar apple rust and should not be planted near apples or crabapples. Plant height varies considerably, depending on variety, so make sure to choose a form that will suit your landscape needs. They come in numerous shapes and sizes and take well to pruning, making them ideal for formal hedges, borders, … Landscape shrubs are not the preferred food for white-tailed deer, but deer will still eat them in a pinch. Taylor Hall, 59 College Road, Durham, NH Directions. It produces beautiful blooms for most of the summer and will attract many pollinators to your garden. Sometimes the damage is merely cosmetic, and the plant can recover. In general, shrub roses are good plants where deer are a problem due to their thorny stems that deer don't like to eat. Andromeda (Pieris japonica) is a dense, flowering, deer-resistant shrub. It will be at its best when planted in full sun in consistently moist, acidic soil. Learn tips for creating your most beautiful (and bountiful) garden ever. Juniper varieties are members of the cypress family and give off a heavy … 'Carol Mackie' Daphne (Daphne x burkwoodii 'Carol Mackie') is a variegated bush with extremely fragrant flowers. Wax myrtles are a bit like North America’s version of … This makes them a very popular choice for hedges. Ginkgo (Ginkgo Biloba) – Zones 3-9. As a bonus, boxwoods contain alkaloids that are distasteful to deer. It will bloom summer through fall with very fragrant flowers that attract … In many cases, proximity to a house is not enough to deter hungry deer in the latter half of winter. How can I save some for the monarch butterflies but keep it from spreading. "Vardar Valley" is a popular low-growing, compact … It grows very well in organically rich, acid soils in full sun to part shade, so if you’ve had luck with other acid-loving plants like rhododendrons, pieris will likely thrive as well. There are many species of boxwood, and all are deer resistant. Remove dead, diseased, and overgrown wood to promote better airflow, which helps to prevent pests and diseases. The plant also is tolerant of drought, erosion, and salt. While no plant is ever entirely safe from deer, the following selections usually escape damage in all but the leanest of times. Boxwoods (Buxus) are broadleaf evergreens, meaning they have broad leaves like deciduous plants but keep their leaves in the winter. Many evergreen plants serve as favorite winter food sources, including arborvitae, rhododendron, holly and yew. Although the butterfly bush (Buddleia davidii) is considered invasive in many regions, it also can be a striking addition to a landscape. Wax Myrtle. Spruce trees are evergreen trees that are deer resistant. But while bees and butterflies like its flowers, the plant's heavy scent repels deer. Although it is an evergreen, it looks best in the early spring when its showy flowers bloom and give off a powerful aroma. It is drought-tolerant and deer-resistant. The list was compiled with input from nursery and landscape professionals, Rutgers New Jersey Agricultural … Apples – the eating kind and crab-apples too – are very popular, and deer … Deer-Resistant Plants: Shrubs and Trees for the Deer-Plagued Gardener By Richard A. Larson | December 1, 2001 Over the past few decades, plant damage caused by deer has risen to … These commonly affected plants have cultivars that are … During a cold winter or at other times when natural food sources are low, your landscape can be devastated by deer feeding on shrubs and small trees. Deer Resistant Shrub with Fragrant Flowers Ruby Anniversary abelia is an unusually hardy abelia, thriving even in zone 5. It is also tolerant of deep shade, setting it apart from other evergreens that do best with more sun exposure. Deer-Resistant Evergreens. Bella Bellissima Potentilla (Potentilla fruticosa) Maybe you live in a place that gets constant, bright … It also has scale-like foliage on mature branches and is highly tolerant of deer, drought and dry soil. The plant spreads via underground runners and does not require much maintenance besides some pruning to keep it looking neat. No tree is truly “deer resistant,” but there are a few types that deer typically steer clear of. Bayberry (Myrica pensylvanica) is native to eastern North America, and it's a deer-resistant shrub you are more likely to see in the wild there than in people's yards. Like deer-resistant shrubs, there also are several deer-resistant trees—including flowering, shade, and evergreen varieties—for landscaping. Whenever someone asks me what to do about a nasty deer problem in … Juniper varieties are members of the cypress family and give off a heavy fragrance. Forsythia may have a short bloom season, but when it is on, it … This shrub is a favorite of many pollinators, and it's drought-tolerant. Some evergreens are less likely to be eaten by deer in winter than others, including Japanese red cedar, Hinoki cypress, Bosnian pine and most firs and spruce. (Myrica spp.) … Bluebeard or the blue mist shrub (Caryopteris) blooms in late summer at a time when relatively few bushes are flowering. Mountain laurel is a great choice for landscapes in part shade with moist, acidic, well-drained soil. Juniper (Juniperus sp.) The species sports white to pale pink flower clusters that can measure as much as six inches across. If you are planting evergreens for privacy, the last thing you want to worry about is deer damage. And because deer have a sensitive sense of smell, they tend to dislike any plants with a strong odor. It is often used in landscapes due to its abundant, unusual flowers in late spring. 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