Botanical name: Silybum marianum. Originally a native of Southern Europe through to Asia, it is now cultivated throughout the world for its medicinal and pharmaceutical value. Southern Europe, Mediterranean and western North Africa. Silybum marianum (L.) Gaertn. Milk thistle has red to purple flowers and shiny pale green leaves with white veins. Problems: Gardening. 378 1791. Carduus marianus, St. Mary's Thistle. Synonyms. Cattle and sheep eat the plant material which contains potassium nitrate and break it down by means of ruminal bacteria into the poisonous form (Knott 1971). The name derives from the Greek sillybon or silybos, meaning ‘tassel’ or ‘tuft’. California county polygons can be turned off and on in the layer control box. On their first encounter with this plant in our gardens, many people crave it. Evidence. Carduus marianus L. Family. Silybum marianum has other common names include cardus marianus, milk thistle, blessed milk thistle, Marian Thistle, Mary Thistle, Saint Marys Thistle, Mediterranean milk thistle, variegated thistle and Scotch thistle. Growing milk thistle. Silybum marianum is a plant that is used for centuries as a herbal treatment in liver and biliary tract diseases. Read more about Growing milk thistle. Uses and Health Benefits of Silybum Marianum Helps protect against cancer. Family: (Asteraceae) (A) to 6′. Family Asteraceae . One of the active ingredients in milk thistle called silymarin is extracted from the plant's seeds. Milk thistle (Silybum marianum L. Silybum marianum and over 1000 other quality seeds for sale. All rights reserved. 8 minutes read. In traditional knowledge, people have used S. marianum for liver disorders such as hepatitis, liver cirrhosis and gallbladder diseases. The active complex of MT is a lipophilic extract from the seeds of the plant and is composed of three isomer flavonolignans (silybin, silydianin, and silychristine), collectively known as silymarin. How to plant/cultivate. The poisonous principle is nitrate (Macadam 1966). 2005. Asteraceae (Queensland, New South Wales, the ACT, Victoria, Tasmania, Western Australia and the Northern Territory) Compositae (South Australia) Common Names. For over 2,000 years people around the world have enjoyed milk thistle in their diet. Nitrates are implicated in stomach cancers. Call us at 1 315 4971058. Silybum marianum Common name(s): Milk Thistle, Blessed Milk Thistle, Marian Thistle, Mary Thistle and others Synonyme(s): Carduus marianus Family: Asteraceae Origin: Africa, Asia, … Classic texts: Boericke 1901. thanks alot. It is widely spread throughout California in overgrazed pastures and along fencelines and other disturbed areas. This is how the nickname milk thistle came to life. Compositae, H. Beentje, C. Jeffrey & D.J.N. Facebook Twitter LinkedIn Pinterest WhatsApp. Silymarin is the main component of S. marianum and derived from fruits and seeds of S. marianum (milk thistle). See "Status", "Confidence level", "Source" for definitions. manochehr shiri: Sep 12, 2005: I am postgraduate student. Milk thistle is a plant named for the white veins on its large prickly leaves. Sillybum is mentioned as a thistle-like medicinal plant as early as Pliny and in Dioscorides' Materia Medica. The results are below. Scientific Name (Genus/Species): Silybum marianum. The plants are native to the Mediterranean regions of Europe, North Africa, and the Middle East.One species has been introduced elsewhere, including in North America. Medicinal Plants Milk Thistle (Silybum Marianum) Dr. Jagdev Singh April 26, 2017. © 2020 Regents of the University of Minnesota. Milk thistle (Silybum marianum) contains silymarin, a chemical component known to improve liver health, earning the plant its status as a “liver tonic.” If you want to produce your own silymarin, milk thistle growing conditions are very forgiving. Silybum marianum (L.) Gaertn. The seeds of milk thistle are one of the most important herbal liver medicines. Plant information taken from the Plants For A Future. Silymarin may act as an antioxidant, protecting hepatic cells from chemotherapy-related free radical damage. Silybum marianum (blessed milk thistle) is a winter annual or biennial with prickly leaves (family Asteraceae). Geographic subdivisions for Silybum marianum: NCo, NCoR, CaRF, n&c SNF, GV, CW, SW : MAP CONTROLS 1. Genus Silybum are large annuals and biennials, with basal rosettes of large, lobed leaves and thistle-like purple flower-heads with spiny bracts in summer . Our Lady’s Milk Thistle. Commonly seen growing in areas. Silybum marianum PLANT FAMILY Asteraceae – Daisy/Sunflower family OTHER NAMES. Silybum marianum (L.) Gaertn. People mainly use the supplement to treat liver conditions. The genus name Silybum comes from the Greek "silibon" (etymologically Syllibon) = tassel. This species is an annual or biennial plant of the Asteraceae family. or Milk thistle is a medicinal plant native to Northern Africa, Southern Europe, Southern Russia and Anatolia. Flora of Tropical East Africa. is an accepted name This name is the accepted name of a species in the genus Silybum (family Compositae). (NCI04) Leave a Reply Cancel reply. Pl. Your email address will not be published. The results can also be downloaded as a CSV file (Unicode UTF-8 encoding). Mary’s thistle 1; Details & Ingredients BOTANICAL DESCRIPTION. Milk thistle. Sem. The plant is easy recognized because of the white veins on the leaves, which gave it the name of milk thistle. Strikingly lined and marbled, white-veined prickly leaves support many large heads of perfumed purple flowers. Silybum marianum extract. One of these thorns is the Silybum marianum. Archives: Best of the Herbal Forums: 09.1995. The plant originates from mountains of the Mediterranean region, where it forms scrub on a rocky base. Hind. The University of Minnesota is an equal opportunity educator and employer. Milk thistle (Silybum marianum) is a thorny plant presenting decorative leaves with a white pattern of veins and purple flower heads. Silybum marianum. Silybum marianum is a familiar thorny plant that’s prickly leaves contain splashes of white, which were historically referred to as “Mother Mary’s milk”. This plant and the related entity italicized and indented above can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. According to legend, the variegation on the leaves was caused by the virgin Mary’s milk as it ran down the leaves, hence the specific name marianum. You can change the display of the base map and layers by clicking on the layer control box in the upper right-hand corner. This herb has been known in Europe and the Middle East since ancient times. 3. 4 plant name records match your search criteria Silybum marianum. SILYBUM MARIANUM SEEDS (Saint Mary's Milk Thistle) - Plant World Seeds. Milk Thistle is a dioecious, herbaceous plant that can be an annual or biennial depending on when the seed is sown. Cal-IPC Rating: Limited Cal-IPC Assessment. Botanical name: Cnicus benedictus. I'm afraid I don't know those details. Silybum marianum is a plant that is used for centuries as a herbal treatment in liver and biliary tract diseases. Native to Europe, the value of Silybum marianum has been known for at least 2000 years as an important medicinal herb. Milk thistle for medicinal purposes only comes from crops. 2. Name Status Confi­dence level Source Date supplied ; Silybum marianum Gaertn. Unresolved: TRO: 2012-04-18: Silybum marianum (L.) Gaertn. A stunning native foliage plant with flat rosettes of large, prickly leaves which are strikingly lined and marbled with broad white stripes. Silybum marianum or milk thistle (MT) is the most well-researched plant in the treatment of liver disease. Ethnopharmacological relevance: Silybum marianum (L.) Gaertn. 2. Silybum marianum. An ornamental thistle with deep-pink, tufted, thistle-like flowers. This agent may also promote the growth of new hepatic cells. Silymarin is the main component of S. marianum and derived from fruits and seeds of S. marianum (milk thistle). Just about all parts of the plant have been used as food with no reports of toxicity. Silybum marianum. Silybum marianum seed for sale or trade? Milk thistle is a weed, which grows commonly in California and other parts of the world … Milk Thistle (Silybum Marianum) Milk thistle, or Silybum Marianum, is a commonly used herbal medicine in the management of several disorders. Best in poor soil where it can out-perform most others, but in good soil can tower frighteningly above you! Good luck finding them elsewhere. basal: the leaves are growing only at the base of the plant; Leaf blade edges. It also grows in South Australia, North and South America. Its therapeutic properties are due to the presence of silymarin, a mixture of three flavonolignans (silybin, silydianin and silycristin). Blessed milk thistle produces tall, dense stands that outcompete native species. Silymarin is believed to have antioxidant properties. Milk Thistle – SILYBUM MARIANUM. Read more about Carduus marianus, St. Mary's Thistle. Milk thistle is sold as an oral capsule, tablet and liquid extract. Silybum marianum has caused some of the worst cases of stock poisoning in northwest Tasmania. Although it can be used as food, milk thistle is better known as having medicinal benefits. Silybum marianum, also called milk thistle, is an annual or biannual plant belonging to the Asteraceae family. Known hazards of Silybum marianum: When grown on nitrogen rich soils, especially those that have been fed with chemical fertilizers, this plant can concentrate nitrates in the leaves. Share. 1791." The record derives from TICA (data supplied on 2012-02-11) which reports it as an accepted name (record 379A33E1-8FD4-4F65-B1F9-B91F50791076) with original publication details: "Gaertn., Fruct. can you send me about effects of salinity and temperature on germination of sylibum marianum? see more; Synonyms Carduus marianus. A mixture of flavonolignans isolated from the milk thistle plant Silybum marianum. Gaertn.) Mayla: Nov 14, 2005: Sylibum marianum with white flowers is just a variety from the one with purple flowers. Reaching 4 ft the plant produces large heads of attractive scented rose / purple coloured flowers loved by bees and butterflies alike. The name "milk thistle" derives from a feature of the leaves, which are prominently banded with splashes of white. To support our efforts please browse our store (books with medicinal info, etc.). Silybum (milk thistle) is a genus of two species of thistles in the daisy family. Prev Next Pause Resume. is the most researched plant for the treatment of liver disease. The thistle-like plant grows for a year or two. Although more studies on Mary thistle’s effects on cancer are still in early stages, it appears that this plant extract can have an inhibitory effect on the expansion of cancer cells and tumors on the skin and can also help prevent cancerous growth in the breast, prostate, and cervix. 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