Teach everybody in the family (if they are old enough) how to turn off the water and electricity. Don't shut off the gas unless there is a leak or a fire. With the help of the seismograph, we can only measure the magnitude of an earthquake. Unfortunately, most people aren't in an open meadow when earthquakes hit. Earthquakes? In the United States, 1 in 4 people live with the risk of earthquakes. Field, E.H., and 2014 Working Group on California Earthquake Probabilities, 2015, UCERF3: A new earthquake forecast for California’s complex fault system: U.S. Geological Survey 2015–3009, 6 p., http://dx.doi.org/10.3133/fs20153009. As soon as the shaking stops, take the fastest and safest way out. Nine Things NOT to Do. Use child-proof or safety latches on cupboards to stop contents from spilling out. DO NOT turn on the gas again if you turned it off; let the gas company do it DO NOT use matches, lighters, camp stoves or barbecues, electrical equipment, appliances UNTIL you are sure there are no gas leaks. What to do before an earthquake Safety during an earthquake and aftershocks is all about what you do to prepare your family and property before the earthquake. Shout only as a last resort. Discuss earthquake insurance with your insurance broker. Earthquake? They may create a spark that could ignite leaking gas and cause an explosion and fire, DO NOT use your telephone, EXCEPT for a medical or fire emergency. Collection of USGS still images taken after the January 17, 1994 Northridge earthquake highlighting the damage to buildings and infrastructure. Composite photo of 1906 damaged buildings and modern family in foreground, Example of a home emergency first aid kit. As people return to their work and homes, it’s always good to brush up on some basic dos and don’ts for during and after an earthquake. Don't use matches, candles, or any flame. Affix mirrors, paintings and other hanging objects securely, so they won't fall off hooks. Make sure everyone in the house knows what to do during an earthquake. This handbook provides information to residents of the Central United States about the threat of earthquakes in that area, particularly along the New Madrid seismic zone, and explains how to prepare for, survive, and recover from such events. Based on observations of an earthquake in Turkey, the idea doesn't apply to buildings constructed within the United States. Check your coverage - it could affect your financial ability to recover losses after an earthquake. Broken gas lines and fire don't mix. Johnson said Alaskans should generally follow a simple mantra when an earthquake hits: " … Check your coverage - it could affect your financial ability to recover losses after an earthquake. Do not drink from the bottle if the seal is broken or twisted. Here are 9 … What not to do in an earthquake There's a lot of misinformation out there, and it's understandable to be confused. What to do before an earthquake? Earthquake Preparation: What to Do Before, During and After a Quake ... do not run outside during the earthquake. Go through your home, imagining what could happen to each part of it, if shaken by a violent earthquake. Earthquake Updates in the Philippines Los Angeles will have the nation's toughest earthquake safety rules, ESC Seminar: HayWired Scenario Progress Discussion. Don’t Freak Out--ShakeOut! Discuss earthquake insurance with your insurance broker. Know/have an evacuation plan once an earthquake hits, including where to go, what to do, and what to bring in a go-bag Secure any objects within your home or office that might fall during an earthquake An earthquake shook buildings in the Indian capital of New Delhi on Monday, witnesses said. Develop a family earthquake plan. Tap on a pipe or wall so rescuers can locate you. Use a whistle if one is available. Whether you are in your home, a school classroom, a high-rise or other type of building, it is important to know how to protect yourself during an earthquake. What to do Before an Earthquake A well-designed earthquake plan is essential for effective preparedness. A complete discussion and understanding of proper actions during and after an earthquake will help people remember what to do when an emergency occurs. The USGS Earthquake Hazards Program - investing in a safer future; 2003; FS; 017-03; Filson, John R.; McCarthy, Jill; Ellsworth, William L.; Zoback, Mary Lou; Stauffer, Peter H.; Hendley, James W., II, Progress toward a safer future since the 1989 Loma Prieta earthquake; 1999; FS; 151-99; Page, Robert A.; Stauffer, Peter H.; Hendley, James W., II. EVACUATE. Stay on your floor, and take cover under a large piece of furniture. Putting down roots in earthquake country-Your handbook for earthquakes in the Central United States; 2011; GIP; 119; Contributors: Dart, Richard; McCarthy, Jill; McCallister, Natasha; Williams, Robert A. The 2014 Working Group on California Earthquake Probabilities calculated that there is a 33-percent likelihood of a large (magnitude 6.7 or... With innovations, fresh data, and lessons learned from recent earthquakes, scientists have developed a new earthquake forecast model for California, a region under constant threat from potentially damaging events. Identifying potential hazards ahead of time and advance planning can reduce the dangers of serious injury or loss of life from an earthquake. That’s over 225 earthquakes a year! DO NOT expect firefighters, police or paramedics to help you. The magnitude of the quake or its epicentre was not immediately known. While the 4.3 magnitude earthquake centred about 20 kilometres north of Victoria did not cause much damage, it was a stark reminder that if the big one hits everyone needs to be prepared. If your home is equipped with natural gas: tie or tape the appropriate wrench on or near the pipe, to turn off the gas, if necessary. 1.2, December 2018): U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2017–5013–A–H, 126 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/sir20175013v1. From this came our belief that a doorway is … If the gas is turned off, it must be turned on again by a qualified tradesperson. Injuries can be avoided if you drop to the ground before the earthquake drops you. What should I NOT do during an earthquake? Identify safe places in each room of your home. Despite advances in science and technology, we are not able to pre-detect the earthquakes. is the most widely distributed publication ever prepared by the U.S. Geological Survey. Nine years after it’s publication, it is still available from the USGS, and still helpful as a preparedness guide for Bay Area residents. Photo taken on main rupture strand near Buhman Rd. Doorways do not protect you from the most likely source of injury − falling or flying objects. or move into a hallway or against an inside wall. Keep heavy items on lower shelves. Earthquakes strike suddenly, violently and without warning. Do not cross bridges, overpass or flyovers. Check off the items that you have completed in this list. There are no open areas in downtown San Francisco far enough from glass or other falling debris to be considered safe refuge sites. Keep flammable items and household chemicals away from heat and where they are less likely to spill. The contents of your home may be damaged and can be dangerous: Shaking can make light fixtures fall, refrigerators and other large items move across the floor, and bookcases and television sets topple over. Do you know what to do the moment the ground starts shaking? Why should people in the eastern United States be concerned about earthquakes? Stay away from windows, fireplaces, and heavy furniture or appliances, and do not use elevators. What if you knew that a magnitude 7.8 earthquake would happen in less than three weeks? 6. These few seconds could provide you with the chance to move to a safer location. What to do AFTER an earthquake? If you are downtown, it is safer to remain inside a building after an earthquake unless there is a fire or gas leak. CHECK FOOD AND WATER SUPPLIES--Do not eat or drink anything from open containers near shattered glass. Tips. The U.S. Geological Survey and its partners are designing innovative tools to better detect earthquakes and share critical information. The involvement of citizens is key, as decisions made before and immediately after an earthquake can save lives and protect property. DO NOT stand in a doorway: An enduring earthquake image of California is a collapsed adobe home with the door frame as the only standing part. What can I do to be prepared for an earthquake? Failure of unreinforced brick masonry caused collapse of the upper floor in downtown Los Gatos. Boston was heavily damaged. You could tie up the lines needed for emergency response. If power is off, plan meals to use up foods that will spoil quickly or frozen foods (food in the freezer should be good for at least a couple of days) … 2004 Deadliest in Nearly 500 Years for Earthquakes, "The Next Big Earthquake" — Still Helpful and Still Available; From USGS, Damage in central Oklahoma from a magnitude 5.6 earthquake in 2011, 2014 South Napa CA M6 Earthquake - August 24, 1906 San Francisco Earthquake - Damage with Family in Foreground, DO NOT turn on the gas again if you turned it off; let the gas company do it, DO NOT use matches, lighters, camp stoves or barbecues, electrical equipment, appliances UNTIL you are sure there are no gas leaks. Total fault slip measured near this location was 40-46 cm. In a new video interview, USGS earthquake scientist Dr. Lucy Jones explains that millions of Southern Californians will be preparing as if they do know, thanks to the Great Southern California ShakeOut. Put anti-skid pads under TVs, computers and other small appliances, or secure them with Velcro or other such product.