Piano Scales Chart C C# Db D D# Eb E F F# Gb G G# Ab A A# Bb B Show All A Scales Hide Scales List A Major A Major pentatonic A Minor pentatonic A Dorian A Phrygian A Lydian A Mixolydian A Aeolian A Locrian A Blues A Harmonic Minor A Melodic Minor The harmonic minor scale uses the  W-H-W-W-H-W½-H  note counting rule to identify the scale note positions. Scale Fingerings Harmonic Minor Scales Note: These are the scale fingerings going UP. This step shows the A harmonic minor scale degrees - tonic, supertonic, mediant, subdominant, dominant, submediant, leading note / tone, and octave. These note names are shown below on the treble clef followed by the bass clef. G: G, A, Bb, C, D, Eb, F#, G contact | about | sitemap | policy The audio files below play every note shown on the piano above, so middle C (marked with an orange line at the bottom) is the 2nd note heard. For example: Natural A Minor Scale= A – B – C – D – E – F – G – A Harmonic A Minor Scale= A – B – C – D – E – F – G# – A The formula for forming a harmonic minor scale is W-H-W-W-H-W 1/2-H. (Whole step – half step – whole step – whole step – half step – whole step and a 1/2 step – half step.) A harmonic minor scale. The Harmonic Minor scales in musical notes are available in the member area. The harmonic minor scale differs from the natural minor scale by only one half step, but in making that slight change, you achieve a scale with a whole new sound. So whereas the A natural minor scale has note G for the 7th note, this note is raised to arrive at note G# for this harmonic minor scale. Minor 6th: The 6th note is Bb. Fingering (LH): 2, 1, 4, 3, 2, 1, 3, 2 Here’s a diagram of the F harmonic minor scale on piano. Fingering (LH): 5, 4, 3, 2, 1, 3, 2, 1 So there are 7 scale degrees you can potentially modify – these are each listed below: Fingering (RH): 1, 2, 3, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, Notes: G#, A#, B, C#, D#, E, G, G# A: A, B, C, D, E, F, G#, A Return from Harmonic Minor Scale to Piano Theory. Harmonic Minor Scale Intervals. For the B harmonic minor scale, the notes are B – C♯ – D – E – F♯ – G – A# – B. Harmonic Major is comparable to the Major Scale, having a lowered sixth but otherwise being identical (the scale is also referred to as Major b6 Scale).The lowered sixth makes the subdominant chord a minor instead of a major (in Harmonic Major C, this would be Fm). For those who want to learn or revise all the harmonic minor scales, all scale diagrams and videos are complied here. For example, the notes of the B natural minor scale are B – C♯ – D – E – F♯ – G – A – B. Fingering (RH): 1, 2, 3, 4, 1, 2, 3, 4, Notes: F#, G#, A, B, C#, D, F, F# In other words, in a natural minor scale the 7th scale degree is a minor 7th, whereas in a harmonic minor scale the 7th scale degree is a major 7th (and will be a half-step away from the root of the scale). Harmonic Minor Scale Int… Perfect 8th: The 8th note is D. Here’s a diagram of the harmonic D minor scale on piano. The less common Harmonic Major scale can instead be seen as a relative to the Harmonic minor. The Solution below shows the G# harmonic minor scale notes, intervals and scale degrees on the piano, treble clef and bass clef.. This step shows the notes when descending the A harmonic minor scale, going from the highest note sound back to the starting note. The 8th note - the octave note, will have the same name as the first note, the tonic note. E: E, F#, G, A, B, C, D#, E Here's a printable version of all these scales. The 7 unique notes in a scale need to be named such that each letter from A to G is used once only, so each note name is either a natural white name(A.. G) , a sharp(eg. F: F, G, Ab, Bb, C, Db, E, F To count up a W½ tone (whole-tone and a half), count up from the last note by 3 half-tones / semitones - shown as 3 on the piano below. Fingering (RH): 3, 1, 2, 3, 4, 1, 2, 3, Notes: E, F#, G, A, B, C, D#, E For example, to play the A harmonic minor scale, follow these steps: 1. Starting with The Tertian Chords of The Harmonic Minor Scale C harmonic minor scale piano – Điệu thức đô thứ HÒA THANH C-sharp Scales for Piano – Tất cả điệu thức âm gốc C# Key of G#m chords – G#m scale piano – Các giọng G#m harmonic scale and g#m melodic scale For example, to play the A harmonic minor scale, follow these steps: C: C, D, Eb, F, G, Ab, B, C The harmonic minor scale uses the W-H-W-W-H-W½-H note counting rule to identify the scale note positions. Fingering (LH): 4, 3, 2, 1, 3, 2, 1, 4 Harmonic Minor Scale Intervals. Perfect 4th: The 4th note of the scale is F. Perfect 5th: The 5th is G. Minor 6th: The 6th note is Ab. Fingering (LH): 2, 1, 3, 2, 1, 4, 3, 2 Perfect 8th: The 8th note is C. Here’s a diagram of the harmonic C minor scale on piano. The Harmonic Minor Scale is one of three minor scales. Tonic: The 1st note of the D harmonic minor scale is D. Major 2nd: The 2nd note of the scale is E. Minor 3rd: The 3rd note of the scale is F. Perfect 4th: The 4th note of the scale is G. Perfect 5th: The 5th is A. Tonic: The 1st note of the C harmonic minor scale is C. Major 2nd: The 2nd note of the scale is D. Minor 3rd: The 3rd note of the scale is Eb. The harmonic minor scale is the same as the natural minor scale but with a raised 7th degree. Melodic Minor. Raising the 7th degree by half a step gives the scale a much stronger harmonic foundation and allows you to create more interesting harmonic possibilities in minor keys. The sound of the Harmonic Scale is somewhat characterized by the music of the Middle East. The Solution below shows the A harmonic minor scale notes, intervals and scale degrees on the piano, treble clef and bass clef. To count up a Whole tone, count up by two physical piano keys, either white or black. The Harmonic Minor Scale is one of three minor scales. Fingering (RH): 2, 3, 1, 2, 3, 1, 2, 3, Harmonic Minor Scales overview To play a harmonic minor scale, you simply raise the seventh note of the natural minor scale by a half-step as you go up and down the scale. To count up a W hole tone, count up by two physical piano keys, either white or black. There are not one but three Minor scales, all presented here with keyboard diagrams, notes and fingerings. Since the natural minor key is itself on the Circle of 5ths - A minor on circle of 5ths, this means that this is a commonly used harmonic minor scale key. D#/Eb: D#, F, F#, G#, A#, B, D, D# (theoretically correct is E# and C## instead of F and D) / Eb, F, Gb, Ab, Bb, Cb, D, Eb To count up a Half-tone (semitone), count up from the last note up by one physical piano key, either white or black. If the natural white note can be found in the scale note, the scale note is written in the Match? The other two are the Natural Minor and the Melodic Minor. F Melodic Minor Scale. Intervals and steps For each of the 7 notes, look across and try to find the White note name in the Scale note name. Fingering (LH): 3, 2, 1, 4, 3, 2, 1, 3 C#/Db: C#, D#, E, F#, G#, A, C, C# (theoretically correct is B# instead of C) / Db, Eb, Fb, Gb, Ab, A, C, Db It does this because in this scale, the 7th note is only 1 half-tone / semitone away from the 8th note - the octave note. Minor-major 7th chords are simply minor triads plus the note a major 7th from the root. This scale is kind of peculiar since it is sometimes played differently ascending and descending. Fingering (LH): 3, 2, 1, 3, 2, 1, 4, 3 For example, in the key of A minor, the dominant (V) chord (the triad built on the 5th scale degree, E) is a minor triad in the natural minor scale. This step shows the white and black note names on a piano keyboard so that the note names are familiar for later steps, and to show that the note names start repeating themselves after 12 notes. Melodic Minor Scales. For the key signature of this scale, showing the symbols grouped correctly next to the bass or treble clef symbol at the beginning, have a look at the A harmonic minor key signature. Notes: A, B, C, D, E, F, G#, A B: B, C#, D, E, F#, G, A#, B The 7th note position (or scale degree) of the minor scale is raised by one half-tone / semitone to arrive at the harmonic minor scale note positions shown above, leaving a noticeably large interval of 3 half-tones / semitones between the 6th and 7th note positions for this scale. Fingering (LH): 5, 4, 3, 2, 1, 3, 2, 1 The three groups of Minor scales are: The Natural Minor (see below) The Melodic Minor; The Harmonic Minor; The Natural Minor Scale is often referred to simply as “the Minor Scale”. To count up a H alf-tone (semitone), count up from the last note up by one physical piano key, either white or black. Fingering (LH): 5, 4, 3, 2, 1, 3, 2, 1 The Lesson steps then explain how to identify the B harmonic minor scale note interval positions, choose the note names and scale degree names.. For a quick summary to this topic, have a look at Harmonic minor scale. Piano Minor Scales. What is the difference between the A harmonic minor scale and the A natural minor scale ? The stave diagrams above show the scale notes without a key signature, with the sharp / flat adjustments inserted before each note on the staff. column. A minor scale is any scale derived from the Major scale but with a♭3.. Fingering (LH): 4, 3, 2, 1, 4, 3, 2, 1 If you would like to learn scales according to the order of difficulty, please refer to the graded syllabus.… This harmonic minor scale is based on the natural minor scale with the same key / tonic note - A natural minor scale. F#/Gb: F#, G#, A, B, C#, D, F, F# (theoretically correct is E# instead of F) / Gb, Ab, Bbb, Cb, Db, Ebb, F, Gb Another flavour of minor scale is the harmonic minor scale. , but obviously the note names will be different for each scale / key combination. a treble clef), there is no possibility of having 2 G-type notes, for example, with one of the notes needing an accidental next to it on the staff (a sharp, flat or natural symbol). The scales here are not arranged by order of difficulty, but rather in a chronological order. This “weird” minor-major 7th chord is actually one of Steve’s favorite chords. Fingering (RH): 1, 2, 3, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, Notes: C, D, Eb, F, G, Ab, B, C This is needed to ensure that when it comes to writing the scale notes on a musical staff (eg. 1st note is always tonic, 2nd is supertonic etc.) The scale in all keys can be downloaded as a PDF-file. If you need to remember what chord harmonization is visit our page on harmonizing chords over major scales.Although there is only one Natural Minor scale, there are two other Minor scales that are also widely used: The Harmonic Minor scale and the Melodic Minor scale. The Lesson steps then explain how to identify the E harmonic minor scale note interval positions, choose the note names and scale degree names.. For a quick summary to this topic, have a look at Harmonic minor scale. The white keys are named using the alphabetic letters A, B, C, D, E, F, and G, which is a pattern that repeats up the piano keyboard. Let’s now take a look at the B harmonic minor scale.The harmonic minor scale raises the seventh note of the natural minor scale by a half-step, when ascending and descending the scale. Fingering (RH): 2, 3, 1, 2, 3, 1, 2, 3, Notes: G, A, Bb, C, D, Eb, F#, G The Lesson steps then explain how to identify the G-sharp harmonic minor scale note interval positions, choose the note names and scale degree names.. For a quick summary to this topic, have a look at Harmonic minor scale. Fingering (RH): 2, 1, 2, 3, 1, 2, 3, 4, Notes: B, C#, D, E, F#, G, A#, B D: D, E, F, G, A, Bb, C#, D In this case, the 7th note is called the subtonic. Click here to learn how the gap between the sixth note and the seventh note was solved. The Solution below shows the B harmonic minor scale notes, intervals and scale degrees on the piano, treble clef and bass clef.. The other two are the Natural Minor and the Melodic Minor. The sound of the Harmonic Scale is somewhat characterized by the music of the Middle East. For harmonic minor scales, the notes names when descending are just the reverse of the ascending names. Today’s video hones in on the A Harmonic Minor scale – since this video is for beginners, the scale is one octave, hands separate. The difference between the A harmonic minor scale and the A natural minor scale is that the 7th note position of the minor scale is raised by one half-tone / semitone. Let’s now take a look at the A harmonic minor scale. The other two are the. The numbered notes are those that might be used when building this note scale. C harmonic minor scale piano – Điệu thức đô thứ HÒA THANH Key of G#m chords – G#m scale piano – Các giọng G#m harmonic scale and g#m melodic scale F-Sharp Minor Pentatonic Scale for Piano … But since this is a scale in the key of A, it is certain that notes 1 and 13 will be used in the scale. A#/Bb: A#, C, C#, D#, F, F#, A, A# (theoretically correct is B#, E# and G## instead of C, F and A) / Bb, C, Db, Eb, F, Gb, A, Bb The Melodic Minor Scale differs from the Natural Minor Scale by the sixth and seventh notes, which are raised one semi-step. Harmonic Major Scales. How To Play an A Harmonic Minor Scale on the Piano - YouTube column shows the harmonic minor scale note names. Formula: Whole, Half, Whole, Whole, Half, Whole and a half, Half. To apply this rule, firstly list the white key names starting from the tonic, which are shown the White column below. In a later step, if sharp or flat notes are used, the exact accidental names will be chosen. The A major scale and A melodic minor scale scales share the same property - they both have only one half-tone / semitone between the 7th and 8th notes. The scale is called the harmonic minor scale because it is a common foundation for harmonies (chords) in minor keys. For now you need to know is how to construct these scales. This step tries to assign note names to the piano keys identified in the previous step, so that they can be written on a note staff in the Solution section. B harmonic minor scale. LH = Left hand | RH = Right hand In the harmonic-minor scale, the minor third between the minor sixth and major seventh stands out and interrupts … Here’s the F harmonic minor scale on the bass clef. Harmonic Minor The harmonic minor scale differs from the natural minor scale in only one way – the 7th scale degree is raised by half-step. Then list the 7 notes in the scale so far, shown in the next column. In contrast, the A natural minor scale has a whole tone (two half-tones / semitones, two notes on the piano keyboard) between the 7th and 8th notes, and the 7th note does not lean towards the 8th note in the same way. This step shows the ascending A harmonic minor scale on the piano, treble clef and bass clef. The Solution below shows the E harmonic minor scale notes, intervals and scale degrees on the piano, treble clef and bass clef.. The important intervals of the harmonic-minor scale, to distinguish it from the other minor scales, are minor sixth and major seventh. Fingering (RH): 1, 2, 3, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, Notes: F, G, Ab, Bb, C, Db, E, F Fingering: 1 = Thumb | 2 = index finger | 3 = middle finger | 4 = ring finger | 5 = little finger. The tonic note (shown as *) is the starting point and is always the 1st note in the harmonic minor scale. Fingering (LH): 5, 4, 3, 2, 1, 3, 2, 1 For a quick summary to this topic, have a look at Harmonic minor scale. Every white or black key could have a flat(b) or sharp(#) accidental name, depending on how that note is used. Fingering (LH): 5, 4, 3, 2, 1, 3, 2, 1 Scales. Scale degree names 1,2,3,4,5,6, and 8 below are always the same for all major and minor scales (ie. Fingering (RH): 1, 2, 3, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, Notes: D#, F, F#, G#, A#, B, D, D# © 2020 Copyright Veler Ltd, All Rights Reserved. Major 7th: The 7th note is B. For example: the notes of the A natural minor scale are exactly the same as the notes of the C major scale, the A natural minor scale only starts on the A instead … This step applies the harmonic minor scale note interval pattern starting from A, so that the correct piano keys and note pitches can be identified. The Harmonic Minor differs from the Natural Minor by the sharpened seventh note, and this minor scale is consequently not played in the same way as the relative major scale. A Diatonic Scale is one particular scale which has a subset of 7 of the 12 notes, with the result being the Major Scale.. Minor Scales. Here’s the F harmonic minor scale on the treble clef. If we use the harmonic minor scale as basis, we’ll get instead a Cm(maj7) chord. So assuming octave note 8 has been played in the step above, the notes now descend back to the tonic. Let’s now take a look at the melodic minor scale. It also shows the scale degree names for all 8 notes. Fingering (RH): 3, 4, 1, 2, 3, 1, 2, 3, Notes: D, E, F, G, A, Bb, C#, D A Scale is just some subset of the 12 notes in an octave. Intervals: 1, 2, b3, 4, 5, b6, 7 This is because the natural minor scale is based on the major scale. The Lesson steps then explain how to identify the A harmonic minor scale note interval positions, choose the note names and scale degree names. E harmonic minor scale. The 1st note of the A harmonic minor scale is, The 2nd note of the A harmonic minor scale is, The 3rd note of the A harmonic minor scale is, The 4th note of the A harmonic minor scale is, The 5th note of the A harmonic minor scale is, The 6th note of the A harmonic minor scale is, The 7th note of the A harmonic minor scale is, The 8th note of the A harmonic minor scale is. Fingering (RH): 1, 2, 3, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, Notes: C#, D#, E, F#, G#, A, C, C# To go down, simply start from the right side Note: For 2+ octaves, repeat the pattern but whenever you see a "5" replace it with a "1" (except at the top and bottom of the scale) A Minor C Minor Middle C (midi note 60) is shown with an orange line under the 2nd note on the piano diagram. Gb). G#/Ab: G#, A#, B, C#, D#, E, G, G# (theoretically correct is F## instead of G) / Ab, Bb, Cb, Db, Eb, Fb, G, Ab I will here only briefly describe the natural minor scale, since you can have all the details of this scale in the lesson “How to form a natural minor scale“.First of all: why is the natural minor scale named as such? Copyright © 2012-2020 pianoscales.org, The Harmonic Minor Scale is one of three minor scales. The harmonic minor scale differs from the natural minor scale by only one half step, but in making that slight change, you achieve a scale with a whole new sound. Semi-notes: 2 - 1 - 2 - 2 - 1 - 3 - 1 Fingering (LH): 5, 4, 3, 2, 1, 3, 2, 1 Fingering (RH): 1, 2, 3, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, Notes: A#, C, C#, D#, F, F#, A, A# The Lesson steps then explain how to identify the A harmonic minor scale note interval positions, choose the note names and scale degree names.. For a quick summary to this topic, have a look at Harmonic minor scale. G-sharp harmonic minor scale. This step shows the descending A harmonic minor scale on the piano, treble clef and bass clef. This step shows an octave of notes in the key of A, to identify the start and end notes of the scale. For this harmonic minor scale, all notes have a match, and so the Match? Major 7th: The 7th note is C#. 2. Note 1 is the tonic note - the starting note - A, and note 13 is the same note name but one octave higher. 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