Non-Western art refers to art that is not derived from European or North American art history and ideals. Eastern culture has limited freedom of speech. Western culture’s focal point is self security. … Western societies are pole apart from eastern in field of science and technology. Collectivism – individuals are part of a group and the needs of the group come before the individual. Western ventures as well as expat foreign workers that start working in the Middle East face many challenges due to the differences in their communication style. Western educational systems put stress on the ideas of creativity. Russia and the Balkans continued to develop according to the Byzantine model, using different alphabets (Greek, Cyrillic). 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Western religions are not driven so much by certain principles and ideals, rather everyday good and bad behavior to reach Heaven. There are guidelines that will provide an understanding of the cultural characteristics of Middle Easterners and, therefore, will improve rather than impede their health care. By and large, cultures in the West tend to be more individualistic whereas people from the East are more collectivist. They try and train their youth for the future in their own way. However, since east and west refers to various countries and cultures scattered across the globe, only a broad generalization can be m… It is chiefly concerned with a nation and is transferred from one age bracket to another. Western religions are found in the Americas and throughout Europe. Society operates in a state of relatedness. In a low-context culture, most of the message weight in a communication is carried on by the verbal component. Western culture is known for its materialism. Eastern culture has a circular view of the universe that is based upon the perception of eternal recurrence whereas Western culture has a linear view of the universe that is based on the Christian philosophy that everything has a beginning and an end. They incorporate ‘Eastern and Western’ cultures. Generator and D.C. Motor. Despite how much humans have in common, cultural differences are far more prevalent than cultural universals. Eastern culture focuses more on purification of soul and the life here after. The climate in the East is varying and changing. Eastern religion follows more the eastern traditional culture, whereas, Western religion follows more the western culture. In some Middle Eastern cultures, it is common to stand close to others in conversation. 271 0 obj <>/Filter/FlateDecode/ID[<5B19FF70E4DC054A9727E0819FF7B9C1><684AEC9CF0C11E49B7554BB88C03BAEE>]/Index[258 20]/Info 257 0 R/Length 72/Prev 56872/Root 259 0 R/Size 278/Type/XRef/W[1 2 1]>>stream Z" In the Arab world, the dominant language is Arabic, although in some countries within the group, other languages such as French are spoken. Music has got a wide range starting from classic to pop music. Some of the nonverbal communication differences in different cultural are: Eye Contact. Every culture has its own pons and cons. While the Eastern culture gives importance to respect, the Western culture has its own priorities and it prefers success. Life in a western country is pretty easy as they have number of resources and facilitates. Differences in human resources approaches between Eastern and Western countries reflect the differences in their respective sub-cultures. East and West may have numerous differences based on culture. Eastern culture in the lights of teaching of Islam is the best. Give an example of a country that is an example of each type, and provide evidence for your answer. Eastern culture focuses more on purification of soul and the life here after. 2. Business looks different in Canada than in China. If they are angry, they vent it out. Western culture focuses on ‘individualism’ which means every single person has to earn a livelihood. It shows attentiveness, confidence and honesty. 277 0 obj <>stream 34 Comparison Between Western and Middle Eastern Cultures South-East Asia because of the exodus of ambitious workers (Bhuian, Al-Shammari, & Jefri, 2001). The nature of business communication style is the result of the combination of different factors, such as cultural, political, socio-economical and historical characteristics of a country. Eastern ethics is much more about doing what is right in terms of what is expected of … In light of the recent developments in the Middle East, learning about the Arab and American communication differences may be a timely prerequisite. There are two basic cultural patterns across the world. Eastern education is all about effort and struggle – no thing is hard if you practice enough. Western countries provide their citizens with wide variety of jobs. For last few decades, Indian culture has been influenced by the western culture, and they are adopting the merits of the western culture like cleanliness, equal rights for both men and women, frankness, etc. Cultural differences owe to the richness of experiences of these cultures and civilisations. Everything and everyone is related. Cuisine differs from country to country. h��VMkI�+}Lf��B������C���a�l�,i���UO�#E!Ξ�=. The most extensively practiced religion is Islam. Both Indian Culture and Western Culture are right at their places. Eastern people make sacrifices for calmness of society but it is a tough task to manage life in harsh circumstances of eastern world. Therefore, children are given enormous amounts of homework and are taught to work hard – that’s why Asian studen… 258 0 obj <> endobj What is the difference between a low-context culture and a high-context culture? Both the cultures have their own significance and we can’t say that either is better than the other. %%EOF Western science has relied on methods for reducing processes to their most elemental level and investigating them in isolation as single variables. Middle East countries are the historical origin for Christianity, Judaism and Islam. Eastern religions are the religions that originate in the Eastern areas like China, Southeast Asia, India and Japan. Ancient Romans distinguished between Oriental (Eastern, or Asian) cultures like Ancient Egypt that lived in the West. It is primarily concerned with individual efforts. Eastern culture uses the spiritual and missionary approach of searching inside oneself for answers through meditation whereas western culture takes on a pragmatic and emotional approach in searching outside oneself through research and analysis. Culture is a collection of rules and regulations which govern life of members of a community. The Comoros Islands, Djibouti and Somalia are included in the Arab world. Western culture. While Islam is the dominant religion, other countries in the Arab group follow other religions. Western values such as democracy, capitalism and human rights look profoundly different when applied in the East. endstream endobj 259 0 obj <>/Metadata 21 0 R/Outlines 27 0 R/PageLayout/OneColumn/Pages 252 0 R/StructTreeRoot 166 0 R/Type/Catalog>> endobj 260 0 obj <>/Font<>>>/Rotate 0/StructParents 33/Type/Page>> endobj 261 0 obj <>stream Eastern people make sacrifices for calmness of society but it is a tough task to manage life in harsh circumstances of eastern world. Oil Scarff/Getty Images Time is seen in a particularly different light by Eastern and Western cultures, and even within these groupings assumes quite dissimilar aspects from country to country. Other cultures such as Asian, Middle Eastern, Hispanic and Native American do not take it as a good expression. Here, people living in east are blessed with all four seasons. Your email address will not be published. There is a lot to learn from both the cultures. Western people are more indulged in maintaining quality of worldly life. It’s more like “dysfunctional relationship”. The Middle East is one of the most interesting regions to travel to, due to the diversity of the people and a fascinating ancient history. Western people prefer economic stability. People from the West are more open to expressing their feelings. In Southern, Western and Eastern parts of Nigeria, it is called the traditional wedding ceremony. A personal approach and continuity of care by the same health care professional help to bridge the gap between Middle Eastern cultures and Western medical culture. For example, topics like sex or birth of a child are openly discussed in Western culture, whereas in the East, these topics are still taboo. There are limited job opportunities in east. The climate in the West is cold and harsh. We should respect both and follow our own culture. Eastern culture’s focal point is abnegation (love for others). The many cultures of the Middle East. h�b```�R�}���aB� ^��ߜ2�ν�W\^���a��R` �p�6p��A�k�@��y@�2\��3�f�uƞ2A��P����C�s�� i�� ���pG�30�́�2 The predominant language of eastern culture is Arabic. Author has 560 answers and 4M answer views. It is rather different degrees and layers of tendency to be either ways. ... seems to be as great or greater than the difference between living in the Middle East and living in America. The commonality is that there is faith of some form in the belief that there is religion among people. Reductionism, while useful in certain applications, is not helpful in understanding the person. On is neither inferior nor superior to the second one. It includes attitude, viewpoint, standards and ethics which shows it is very divergent. Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email. Eastern culture be… To answer “Who is Middle Eastern?” we must ask ourselves “What is the Middle East?” The Middle East itself is not a fixed term. Western culture allows full freedom of speech. Beginning in Ancient Greece and ancient Rome, Western culture continued to develop with Christianity during the middle ages, nourished by the experiments of Enlightenment and discoveries of science and spread itself throughout the world between the 16th and 20th centuries as a result of globalization and human migration. SIX DIFFERENCES BETWEEN ABORIGINAL and `WESTERN' WORLD VIEWS-, Aboriginal ~'festern/European 1. Instead both have their own significance. In addition, Bhuian, Al-Shammari, and Jefri (2001) claim that the intense scarcity of capable workforce in some parts of the Conclusion. Eastern culture focuses more on ‘collectivism’ which means they have large supportive families. However, it is important to remember that not all Arabs are Muslims in the same way that not all Muslims are Arabs. The definition of Western changed as the West was influenced by and spread to other nations. The difference is the “I” of the West, and the “We” of the East, as one focuses on finding truth and meaning. The differences between Western and non-Western art are numerous, but there are fundamental differences that should be understood. The term Western civilization is a catchall to refer to the many cultures of European heritage that share common cultural ideas, philosophical foundations, and ancestral beliefs. Its basic characteristic is that it keeps on changing. Such differences between Eastern and Western views of intelligence are tied, says Nisbett, to differences in the basic cognitive processes of people in Eastern and Western cultures. These concepts are a running thread through many eastern and western cultural differences. A thousand years later, the East-West Schism separated the Catholic Church and Eastern Orthodox Church from each other. In a number of ways, Middle Eastern management styles differ from those in the United States. Cuisine differs from country to country. They are commonly known as emotionless people. Of course, the system being a system means that many things are unified, but still, it usually does its best to promote individual approaches to different students. However, Islam is the most dominant religion in the region. Spiritually orientated society. Eastern world refers to countries in the Asia and Middle East whereas Western world refers to North and South America, Europe, Australia and New Zeeland. There are many differences in Eastern and Western religions that are fitting to different people across the world. Eastern education system is based on cramming and quantitative pattern. The "West" was originally defined as the Western world. There is real belief that people objects and the environment are all connected. ... Before coming to the Middle East, I revisited the cultural framework of Fons Trompenaar to give me an idea of what was in store for me and how I can prepare myself to adapt to this new way of life … Eastern countrymen follow their family decision about marriage. These differences can be noted mainly in people’s behavior and attitudes. Western system is based on qualitative study. Western cultures mostly consider eye contact to be a good gesture. Officials and elders sip wine while they invite the couple in for introductions and negotiations, and presentation of the bride price which consists mainly of gifts of shoes, textiles, jewelry and bags. Humans are intersubjective beings interacting with other people and environmental factors in a constant state of flux. The main difference between eastern and western ethics is the fact that Western Ethics is about finding truth, whereas Eastern Ethics are very much about the protocol, and showing of respect. System based on belief and mysticism. The article provides a comparison of six key characteristics that come from research conducted by M. K. Badawy, which combines Middle Eastern, and U.S. assumptions and approaches. Clearly, human beings cannot be reduced to parts but must be understood within the context of the whole. The main divide between Western and Eastern Europe occurred after 1054 when the Roman Papacy split from Orthodox Christianity, hence called “Oriental” in the West. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. It is always acquired. This includes art from Africa, the Middle East, South America, East and Southeast Asia, and so on. 2 key cultural differences between the US and the Middle East. The purpose of making different cultures in only that people can be categorized. Eastern culture is derived from different civilizations. Post was not sent - check your email addresses! %PDF-1.6 %���� The Westerners are more open and blunt. The Eastern religions which are closely linked with India are Buddhism, Sikhism, Jainism and Hinduism. endstream endobj startxref Western countrymen prioritize love and then get marry. Summary: Western philosophy is mainly used in the Western parts of the world, such as in the European countries, while the Eastern philosophy is prevalent in Asian countries. For example, while all cultures have language, analysis of particular language structures and conversational etiquette reveal tremendous differences. Every culture has its own importance. Western culture is known for its materialism. Therefore, not every person in the Middle East is ascription-oriented and not every person in Europe is achievement-oriented. While Western psychology seems to reflect an … There are also some similarities in the way that managers perceived the importance of connections, like in business relationships and personal friendships but also some marked differences, with local Asian managers and expatriate Western managers regarding government connections, family connections, gifts and favors, and bribes as much more important that Western managers did. There is a diverse cultural difference between Middle East and United States which are mostly based on religion, geographic location and beliefs. Haha I laughed when it said about marriage in the west. There are no static cultures. which helped in removing the shortcomings of Indian culture. h�bbd``b`� $�� ��"���$H���D��$�Ab7A�T �@����q"�����N�g�� � �| The final section briefly discusses the implications of these cultural differences for American public relations professionals who provide counsel to peoples from the Arab culture. 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