The Wondrous World of Weeds by Pat Collins, Weeds: Guardians of the soil by Joseph Cocannouer. In fact, right now I am having a bowl with homemade butter, salt and pepper. Sow Thistles can turn purple as they age. Common sow thistle is in the Compositae (Asteraceae) family. Comments or questions about this site, or for permission to use photos and information. In New Zealand, Sonchus is called “puha” and is frequently eaten, particularly by the Māori who also used the sap as a gum. 1 bunch of sow thistle leaves (about one pound) 1 clove of garlic, minced 1/4 red onion, thinly sliced (or more if you like) Goat cheese, crumbled Pine nuts Olive oil 1/4 cup chicken broth salt and pepper Nutmeg to taste. Marsh thistle looks somewhat like spear thistle at an initial glance, but without the large spines and leaf lobes, and usually with a thin, red, leaf margin. But I can’t find anything about the flowers themselves. Seeds from plants in poor places are generally safe to use. [Sonchus oleraceus] are best and when the leaves are not bitter. The roots of sow thistle are finer than those of dandelion, which means that they are easier to peel. Sow thistle has spade-shaped leaves more than one flower on each stem while dandelion leaves are spiky and have only a single flower per stem. Can you eat the bloomed flowers? This prickly plant has some fame as the national flower of Scotland. Traditional uses and benefits of Prickly sow thistle. Sign up with your email address to receive news and updates. They are respectfully the common sow thistle, the spiny sow thistle and the field sow thistle. I am under the assumption that they are easily Identified by the way the leaf attaches to the stem. It is the softest of the three with a tactile feel closer to a wild lettuce. Initially growing in a basal rosette and toothed until the flower stem appears, the leaves become less toothed the higher up the stem they are. Thanks as always GD! When young their flavor resembles lettuce and as they age more like Swiss chard. Do not eat them. The three common ones are Sonchus oleraceus, (SON-kus oh-ler-AY-see-us ) Sonchus Asper (SON-kus ASS-pur) and Sonchus arvensis (SON-kus ar-VEN-sis.) They can be added to salads, cooked like spinach or used in soups etc. Spear thistle has large, deeply-lobed leaves with large spines at the margins, as well as hairy, spiny stems. There’s a huge variety in sow thistles, from having few or no prickles to having a lot, from a foot high to six feet high, from green to purple, especially older plants. Add a good slug of stock or water, reduce the heat to a. simmer and cover. The arvensis has more lance shaped leaves, lobes can be irregular, and soft small spines. am i taking a risk by eating it? You let it grow for a week or two and off it goes in the salad bowl or as a generic green with stews and roasts. All rights reserved. Thank you for letting me know. The plant tastes best when young, the leaves are soft and reminiscent of lettuce or radicchio. Hmmmm… I wonder how the white sap would behave or taste. Cant wait to try this Katrina! Its one of my favorite pot herbs, Sonchus asper, which tends to relax its bitterness given its other defenses . S. asper prickly-edged stem-less green leaves that wrap around the stem, dandelion-like blossoms more or less arranged in a flat top manner. Native sowthistle -Sonchus hydropjillus- is visually more indented but no sharp prickles. Sow thistles got their name because they were fed to lactating pigs. It is sad to say but a lot of agri-business is not green, or perhaps not so in the United States. ctt. Heat some butter or oil in a pan and add the leaves. Yes but flavor and texture can get in the way. That’s horrid! The plant body looks a lot like bull thistle but sow thistle has a number of small, yellow flowers rather than one bulbous purple or tan flower. It is not my intention to advise anyone on medical conditions, rather I'm just presenting a new way to look at the plants growing in your yard. Photo by Green Deane. Or start them inside. Sow thistles have been used as fodder, particularly for rabbits, hence the other common names of "hare thistle" or "hare lettuce".They are also edible to humans as a leaf vegetable; old leaves and stalks can be bitter but young leaves have a flavour similar to lettuce.Going by the name puha or rareke (raraki) it is frequently eaten in New Zealand as a vegetable, particularly by the native Māori. Add the sow-thistle leaves and continue frying for another 3 or 4 minutes, stirring to prevent burning and distribute the heat. Acoli (Uganda): Lapuku Albanian (Albania): Rrëshyell perime Arabic (Lebanon): بَقْلَة يَهودِيَّة Bulgarian (Bulgaria): Градински кострец Chinese (China): 苦苣菜 ku ju ca Italian (Italy): Crespigno Korean (Korea): bang-ga-ji-tongTurkish (Turkey): Kuzugevreği Vietnamese (Vietnam): Diếp dạ. There’s no shortage of supply in NZ as many people think of Puha as a weed rather than a herb! Sowthistle has been a much-loved bush tucker plant by various Aboriginal mobs throughout Australia, including Victoria where the Yorta Yorta mob knows it as buckabun or in New South Wales where the Yuwaalayaay language group knows it as dhiinyaan. It ranges from 30cm to 2 meters in height when growing in good soil. Yes, as long as the plant grows in a wholesome area. The difference is the number of flowers per head. You cannot eat most plants with white sap (or white berries.) Learn how your comment data is processed. Sow thistle Image Gallery Closer-view-of-Flowering-buds-of-Sow-thistle. Sharon Porter November 3, 2016 at 5:43 pm. Sonchus Family: Compositae English: Sow Thistle . MEDICINAL PROPERTIESThe plant is quite high in vitamins and minerals, making it a great tonic. It may be a sow thistle. Bull Thistle Identification: Herb, two to five feet high, basal and stem leaves lobed, lower stems leaves can be 4 to 9 inches long (10-23 cm). Dry conditions also make the leaves more bitter. Same type of content with added weirdness. thanks for writing… I have no idea the veracity of this sale, that is I don’t know if they have the right plant: http://www.ebay.com/itm/4-Seeds-Sonchus-oleraceus-Hares-lettuce-Milk-thistle-/270690963196. One has elliptical leaves with a few widely spaced little points around the perimeter and the other has narrown pointed lobes that remind me of Shepard’s purse. Leaves on the milk thistle plant are lanceolate or oblong in shape. It is not frost tender. Any ideas? If you like them have at them. Do the seeds need special treatment before I try to plant them myself? They indeed are a very nice spring green. Add the leaves and stir to coat them thoroughly. IDENTIFICATION: Plants have milky sap. Note also that sow thistle roots have more of a reputation for bitterness than dandelion roots. I generally put the excess into smoothies. we in australia know this as milk thistle. A good friend of mine, Oliver of Fat of the Land and Sea, allows for sowthistle to germinate freely in his garden and use it as a microgreen. Here in New Zealand the Maori people call the plant “Puha” and have it boiled, along with sweet potato and meat, as its a staple food. And the bulb of the flower is gennerally the same. It is not only edible, but good for you—it's just a little hard to disarm. You can read about them here. Add some water and reduce the heat to simmer. ***Attention*** Plight to Freedom is now The Cargo Cult Café. I remember teaching this to a friend of mine and each time we went out to walk her dog we would find some sowthistle and apply to the wart. See more ideas about sowing, thistle, wild edibles. Set aside. Due to the drought last year, my lettuce did not produce well. The leaves and stem can be eaten raw in salads, or steamed and used in the same way as spinach. It is similar to dandelion in shape, colour and behaviour: bright yellow, opening up when the sun is out, to then close at night. That has been the rule of thumb with speices seeds collected about railroad tracks. Other sow-thistle species may need their spines trimming off and. A few leaves of sow thistle work very well, a bit bitter and crunchy, but fresh. These plants are the ancestors of garden lettuce, and the young leaves are bitter but edible. The ancients Greeks considered sow thistle wholesome and strengthening — maybe the Bull of Marathon should of ate some. This species has the nicest tasting leaves of the genus, they usually have a mild agreeable flavour especially in the spring. I break up the bacon into little bits and add it all in. I wonder where can I buy Purple sowthistle in USA. Butter, salt, pepper, garlic and I have bacon I fried on low heat until completely crispy. may be bitter to the taste requiring some preparatory boiling. METHOD OF PREPARATION: Young leaves in salads, tend to be bitter, older leaves boiled for 10/15 minutes. That bitterness is caused by their white sap. Doesn’t grow in as many areas, and the leaves are a different shape. Frankly if you have to trim spines off sow thistles you’re better off leaving them alone. Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils. True thistles always draw blood their spines are so sharp. In southern Italy Sonchus invades crops there but they have the good sense to pick it and serve it with spaghetti. As far as I know there’s no problem. Stir thoroughly so that all the pieces are. Hey Dan, is it safe for dogs to eat these? The young root is also edible when cooked but tends to be woody. I live near San Francisco area. Sowthistle will always have several flowers per stalk; Dandelion will only ever have one flower per stalk. Image courtesy of CSRIO. Foraging should never begin without the guidance and approval of a local plant specialist. Here are some sow thistle recipes from ‘The Essential Hedgerow and Wayside Cookbook’. Sonchus asper, the prickly sow-thistle, rough milk thistle, spiny sowthistle, sharp-fringed sow thistle, or spiny-leaved sow thistle, is a widespread plant in the dandelion tribe within the daisy family The best identification feature for all sowthistle is in the flower. Pliny wrote that before Theseus went to meet the Bull of Marathon, he was treated by the old woman Hecale (e-KAH-lee in Greek) to a dish of sow thistles. Sonchus asper leaf and stem. The leaves of the basal rosette tend to have more spikes, but are generally less bitter They are similar to “broccoli rabe” and mustard greens, and they are placed in boiling water off heat and steeped without actively boiling for tenderness. Apparently there is a toxic similar looking plant: senecio vulgaris. In term of availability, sowthistles are in season all year round on this side of the world. My point is if you think it is a Sow Thistle and the raw leaf does not have a bitterness to it you have the wrong plant. butter and melt into the sow-thistle over a low heat. Eat leaves raw or cooked.As the plants mature, the bitterness becomes more pronounced and they get downright unpleasant to eat. Plant is pounded and applied as a poultice to wounds and boils. The young top sprouts and blooms are good in a salad or as cooked greens with vinegar, onion and bacon. The young root is also edible when cooked but tends to be woody. That is one of the general rules of foraging for wild food, besides that and never eating anything wild without positive identification and verification it is edible. The young leaves have a mild agreeable flavour. I can’t eat them fast enough. Modern Greeks call it Zohos. Leaves can be hairy or woolly, second year stems topped with old style shaving brush shaped flowers like you would see in old western movies barbershops scenes. They are so good they’re worth all the complaints about my untraditional lawn. The greens are eaten with olive oil and garlic and Italian Bread. The leaves of prickly sow thistle have spines on … Sonchuys Oleraceus (the common California weed) is ubiquitous even to New England and similar species to the Mediterranean Region where my family originates: East Sicily and Malta. Cook for about 5 to 10 minutes. Asper means rough, and arvensis of the cultivated field. It also has a lot of spines. Do the Senecio leaves lack the stem-wrapping bases? Young sow thistles can just be tossed in the herb pot, where as some older leaves need to be trimmed of the thistles, which is a point of culinary departure. They can be added to salads, cooked like spinach or used in soups etc. But, living in a big and dirty city, I can’t always trust the source. Although grazing animals (and butterflies) actually prefer the Sonchus to grass farmers rant about the plant because it’s a weed amongst their crop. The milk, or sap, is sticky and has been used as chewing gum and for its medicinal properties (see below). Turns out sowthistle are your friends after all. TIME OF YEAR: In northern climates spring, summer and some times autumn, in the South December through April. I threw a couple of plants that were a little too old into the pot but they weren’t too bitter. Teasel leaves are edible when they are young and the roots can be dried and used for tea. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); Disclaimer: Information contained on this website is strictly and categorically intended as a reference to be used in conjunction with experts in your area. Burdock preparations are widely used in alternative medicine preparations as a laxative and to treat skin conditions. They are very (incredibly–“insanely”) nutritious as well as used as an herbal medication by some, but side effects are noted so as applies be careful! The asper has spiny round lobes where it clasps the stem. Have you heard of it being preserved like sauerkraut? I had lots of sow thistle growing so used that. S. arvenis similar to both but can be very tall. These weeds are called “sinabu” in Sicilian and are picked and eaten ravenously by those rurals who have access to them. Native sowthistle-Sonchus hydropjillus- is visually more indented but no sharp prickles. The plant is everywhere and no doubt you walk past it every day. Edible parts of Sow Thistle: Young leaves - raw or cooked. Again, young and tender is usually better when it comes to cooking wild greens. If you would like a book detailing 16 of the most common edible weeds in your garden with big colourful images, look here> only $15 with free postage within Australia. The young stalks peel and cooked are excellent, too. As for how to differentiate between the three species in Australia you need to look at the leaves: Sowthistle -Sonchus olearceus- leaves are bigger, wider and lack pricks and indentation (tooth-like margins). In Greece, it is used in winter salads, and has been for thousands of years. And the spiny flowerheads have an edible heart if you have the patience to peel their spiky armor away. It typically grows up to at least 3 feet tall. SOWTHISTLE IN THE GARDENMost people tend to pull sowthistle out from their garden, considering them as unwanted weeds. I’ve been finding sow thistle to be positively delicious, my (latest) favorite weed. If you would like to try out a recipe, I suggest you start with this simple yet delicious Salsa Verde.See here, scroll down and enjoy! According to this CSRIO research (on how to best kill the plant), there are three species of sowthistle in Australia, one native – Sonchus hydrophilus - and two introduced, Sonchus asper and Sonchus oleraceus. Mix together well in a bowl and then add the sliced meat. One you have frost free nights you can plant the slow thistles. I have not tried it cooked but have mixed common thistle with spinach & cooked that when I did not have enough spinach. Delicate and rather Dandelion like with a white sap when cut. Next, make up a marinade from the remainder of the first group of ingredients, using a splash of soy sauce, slugs of water and wine, seasoning and pinches of corn flour and sugar. The “milk” of the sow thistle has been used as a folk remedy for warts. Hi, I’ve heard about eating the unopened flowers. I don’t think I have died yet, and they are quite yummy in my opinion. Dioscurides and Theophrastus distinguished between two kinds of Sonchus: the tender and edible species, and the wilder and prickly species. {Before I spread the word to the club?}. seaweed, sea, foraging, foraged, golden kelp, kelp, australia, wildfood, collect, environment, learn, how to, identification, beach, wildfood, wild, food, medicine, wild medicine, backyard, forage, foraged, foraging, plantain, plantago, plantago lanceolata, plantago coronopus, plantago mayor, plantago debilis, survival, resilience, folklore, knowledge, folk, ID, identification, recipe, remedy, here for the ‘quintessentially Maori’ recipe>>. Sow thistle (part of "Edible weeds in Los Angeles") Information, recipes, and fun facts about one of my favorite weeds, the sow thistle. Somehow, I had never tried sow thistles and they are absolutely first-rate delicious, boiled 10 minutes, with a little olive oil, balsamic vinegar, salt and pepper. I grow canary island sonchus (sometimes called dendrosonchus) here in the uk and they are incredibly bitter! I have been endulging lately, and notice quite a bit of variety. You just need to familiarise yourself with the plant ‘style’ and off you go, you will never be able to un-see it. There is nothing wrong with eating the stalk of the spiny sow thistle (Sonchus asper) if you like it. Others consider them as an excellent and prolific green and others still use them as a valuable plant in their garden. Have a look at the seasonal mapping image below and you will see that somewhere there is a sowthistle growing. Sowthistle attracts aphids and that is a good thing for organic gardeners as they can have a sacrificial plant hosting pests, which in turn will attract beneficial predatory insects in the garden ecosystem ( like ladybirds and hoverflies). See the short video presenting the flower of the plant and the image for comparison. Add a pinch of nutmeg, the flour and some seasoning. Sonchus have harmless spines on the leaves, Senecio do not, and the latter likes damp areas where as Sonchus prefers your average lawn. They are in a family of some 22,000 members some of which are toxic but generally speaking there aren’t any close toxic look a-likes… and if you look close enough there aren’t any look a-likes. Sow thistle is one of the most plentiful wild plants you'll see in the Los Angeles area. With the mos bitter being s. leptocephalus! A very nice blog on the  Māori  and the Sonchus can be read here. If they aren’t in flower yet, what’s the best way to tell Sonchus from Senecio vulgaris? Sow Thistle is one of my favorite greens when collected from a young plant growing in partial shade. The three common ones are Sonchus oleraceus, (SON-kus oh-ler-AY-see-us ) Sonchus Asper (SON-kus ASS-pur) and Sonchus arvensis (SON-kus ar-VEN-sis.) No… plants with white sap are generally not safe to eat. Whenever I introduce this plant to the public I often find that someone in the crowd is quite familiar with it and its traditional edible uses. The stems have been peeled and eaten raw like celery. Young and tender leaves is a good rule to follow particularly with the rougher species. All edibles and quite yummy, some say. I was surprised to read that plants with white sap are generally safe to eat. (The cultivated artichoke is a thistle … Thistles will resprout readily if cut down, so it’s best to dig the whole plant up by the root. I have a couple similar plants that have most of the characteristics for sow thistles (hollow five sided stems, milky sap, rosette of leaves at base, clasping leaves on stem, stem branches into multiple sunflower like blooms) but the leaves are wrongly shaped. Method- Take some butter and add to a pan. I am always impressed by just how many advocates this plant has. Heat some oil in a frying pan and fry the ginger for a couple of minutes, stirring to prevent burning, then add the spring onion. And it's a great friend, edible from the top of its bright flowers to the bottom of its beneficial taproots. As you can assume, sow thistle is found literally around the world. We use them all, simply adjusting the use to the type of thistle. Sow thistle, commonly called Milk Thistle in my part of the world, the Sonchus genus, grow in many somewhat different shapes and sizes – some softer and some rather rough and prickly. Milk thistle is a sturdy annual or biennial plant. (This is similar to dandelion leaves.) ). This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Oleraceus is an understatement. Smooth sow thistle will hybridize with prickly sow thistle (S. asper) to produce S. asper x glaucescens, a plant similar to smooth sow thistle but with slightly prickly leaves. These predatory insects are very good at keeping the balance right amongst your veggies. As it turned out, pigs love them, as do rabbits which is why they are sometimes called Hare Thistles (they are not true thistles, however, which is another genus altogether. If you want to see like a hawk eat hawk eyes. It really grows to suit conditions. Are there any to be wary of? Jean November 3, 2016 at 12:46 pm. Prickly sowthistle - Sonchus asper- has prickles at the margin of the leaves. I like them enough to actually take the time and trim the spine tips so I don’t have to boil them as long. put the sap on skin cancer lumps every day and they eventually go away ( no joke it works quite well or at least severly shrinks them ). Seasonal spread for Soncus oleraceus -Sowthistle. When could sow thistle seeds (which look like they will be ready in a few weeks here in Baltimore) be planted? IDENTIFICATIONSowthistle is excellent at adapting. Oliver takes advantage of the high germination rate and exploits the weedy potential of the plant. Sonchus asper is a ANNUAL growing to 0.5 m (1ft 8in). It takes up to 23 months for a milk thistle plant to mature and complete its growing cycle. There are three or four common exceptions to the white sap rule: Figs, Ground Nuts, Sow thistles and various Wild Lettuce. As far as I know a little bit doesn’t harm dogs. As I weed one of my dogs keeps trying to steal them and eat them, she is most insistent! Its purple flower is stunning, and it's related to the artichoke. Copyright 2007-2018 – This web page is the property of Green Deane, LLC. Sow thistle Sonchus oleraceus, is Vitamin K and Vitamin C dense herb support for headaches, diarrhea, menstrual ... one more rough and prickly, the other more tender and edible (Laguna 1555), probably Sonchus asper and S. oleraceus (Osbaldeston 2000). One of the most easily recognizable… The milk thistle is the plant with the variegated leaves with milky white veins. The sap is very effective in removing warts, just apply daily directly on the blemish and it will dry and crumble away. Flower head comparison between sowthistle and dandelion. They can be added to salads or used like spinach. It is not too bitter and has a wonderful texture (a bit stringy though). 1. I’ve been eating these babies for the last 4 years now. ENVIRONMENT: Lawns, fields, vacant lots, waste areas, parks. My favorite way to eat sow thistle is to pick and steam the … Aug 18, 2017 - Explore Melanie Martin's board "Sow Thistle", followed by 270 people on Pinterest. I was reading Florida’s Edible Wild Plants by Peggy Sins Lantz and it wasn’t clear on that topic. See here for the ‘quintessentially Maori’ recipe>>. Sow Thistle Edible Recipe For Gastritis And Ulcers. Yes, we are talking about a highly skilled invasive, but that is not necessarily bad, as sowthistle is food for a lot of ethnicities. Stir-fry until the meat begins to cook. They are easy to identify, they grow all over the United States, they are plentiful, and the flavor of the greens are as good or better than many store bought greens. I try to harvest them between four and 12 inches high. The providers of this website accept no liability for the use or misuse of information contained in this website. All over the world. If you want mama pigs to nurse better feed them plants with white sap.) The roots can be gathered in earliest spring or late in the fall between the plant’s first and second year when they are full of stored food. Like you said, identify first! The stems should be bruised and the bitter-tasting milky juice washed out before eating or cooking them. https://foragedfoodie.blogspot.com/2016/03/sow-thistle-capers.html The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Bees, hoverflies. I just attended a foraging groups first meeting in my town {Davis CA} I am going to put a link to this article on their facebook. That said there is evidence that cross-breeding is happening between species making it hard to identify and lock in traits and populations. The root is edible, and according to one source, it tastes “like burdock root only better.”While burdock stalks are delicious, I really can’t stand burdock root, and I think it tastes like bitter dirt.Thus, I’m not excited about cooking up a thistle root. Is the stalk of the spiny sow thistle? The typical multi-headed flower of sowthistle. It took less than two weeks for it to disappear. Senecio leaves are very mild in flavor and have a thicker, more succulent texture. It is in flower from June to August, and the seeds ripen from July to September. Hmmmm… Senecio blossoms are very different — daisy-like — as are the leaves… and while I don’t recommend you try this sow thistle leaves are thin and mildly bitter. See here for upcoming events>. So I can saute it until it wilts instead of leaching in a boil like I often have to do with others in this family. Do you know if it is ok to eat the blowwomed yellow flowers? I think all the types I see here have a yellow flower…. Sonchus blossom as the insect sees it, photo by Bjørn Rørslett – NN/Nærfoto. After you read this, you will be able to recognize both plants. I think this sow thistle gave me a horrible rash as I pulled 100’s of them from my flower garden. The roots of burdock (Arctium lappa) are a staple of some Asian cuisines. Edible parts of some nominally “edible” plants require special preparation to be edible. how do you know a prickly plant is actually a thistle? Enjoy!’Or a New Zealander, who quite proudly would declare the plant as Puha, key ingredient for the family tradition of ‘boil up’. And just like the dandelion, it too has a puffy seed head, with the seed ‘parachutes’ blowing in the wind when ready. Anyway, the white sap of the thistle was assumed to be good for nursing sows. S. Oleraceus tall with stemless lobed leaves that point past the stem. Also unlike bull thistle stem fibers, sow thistle fibers make poor cordage. Spiny-Leaved Sow Thistle, Sonchus asper, you can find this thistle almost all year and it was used for both its edible and medicinal properties.You can find it in fields, waste places and even in your garden. Is it alright to chomp on the unopened flowerheads? Everything in the sow thistle family is edible, and I'm pretty sure all the dandelion tribe is edible as well, but this post specifically is focusing on the type of sow thistle known scientifically as sonchus oleraceus, or colloquially as common sow thistle. Really old leaves are bitter and not that much fun to eat even if they are edible. Sonchus oleraceus in Latin means hollow (sonchus) cooking vegetable (olraceus). There are a few and of those few several a popular. There are several species of Sonchus in the British Isles, however, Sonchus oleraceus is the most common. You need – Two handfuls of sow thistle, butter, water, a pinch of ground nutmeg, One tsp flour, salt, and pepper for seasoning. Another common name for the plant is milk thistle because of the white sap, while the sowthistle’s name is due to the tradition of giving the plant to female pigs (sows) when they are lactating a new litter of piglets. Good eating. The leaves are also great to use as an antioxidant. It was considered the plant of Thor, the god of lighting, and people often wore sprays of thistle to protect them from lighting, especially during farming times. The milky sap has been used as a chewing gum by the Maoris of New Zealand. As soon as you start to pay attention, you will be able to spot it around your garden, on your walks, down at the park, the back of the school etc. Stir thoroughly to, coat the leaves. At any given time you are bound to find a sprouting, flowering, seeding or dying example of the genus. Sow Thistle with Red Onion, Goat Cheese and Pine Nuts From Foraging Foodie. I don’t know about a lot. Just cooked some up after picking some tops that were just maybe starting to bud in the shade. (I find that even fairly long leaves from the upper half of a plant already in flower are quite mild, although these particular plants grew in partial shade.) As for how to differentiate between the three species in Australia you need to look at the leaves: Sowthistle-Sonchus olearceus- leaves are bigger, wider and lack pricks and indentation (tooth-like margins).. Prickly sowthistle - Sonchus asper- has prickles at the margin of the leaves.. coated and leave for 30 minutes. You can also use the stems, cooked like asparagus or rhubarb. Are there any verieties or poisonous look alikes for Sow Thistle? Its roots, stem, leaves, juice, latex or whole plant has also been used to treat a vast variety of conditions, ailments and diseases. DISCLAIMER: This information should be used as a guide only. Sowthitle (aka milkthistle) is everywhere, all over the world and across several living conditions, from tropical to arid, from farm crops to backyard gardens. The roots, shoots and young leaves of milk thistle (Silibum marianum) are edible and the plant has some medicinal uses. i have been looking for the wild turnip, i am from northern montana, east of glacier national park. The Oleraceus has green leaves with a bit of blue, Delta- arrow-shaped end lobes and distinctly pointed lobes where it clasps the stem. The leaves can be prepared much like dandelion leaves. ), 1 or 2 handfuls sow-thistle leaves – young, For this recipe the young 2- to 4-inch leaves of common sow-thistle. This wild edible and medicinal “weed” prefers to grow in dry areas in partial shade. Begin by slicing the meat into pieces about 2 inches long and 1/10th inch thick. Gennerally the same way as spinach between two kinds of Sonchus in the plant is a. Frying for another 3 or 4 minutes, stirring to prevent burning and distribute the heat to.... A reputation for bitterness than dandelion roots for warts in vitamins and minerals, it. Rule to follow particularly with the rougher species picked and eaten raw in prickly sow thistle edible or! Oblong in shape it every day June to August, and arvensis of the.! Eaten before flowering, seeding or dying example of the genus pull sowthistle out their... Variegated leaves with large spines at the seasonal mapping image below and will! Grows up to 23 months for a few leaves of common sow-thistle a! Best prickly sow thistle edible feature for all sowthistle is in the South December through.! Serve it with spaghetti mama pigs to nurse better feed them plants with white sap ( or white.! Evidence that cross-breeding is happening between species making it a great friend, edible the! ( clay ) soils and reduce the heat to simmer the United States bacon. Have an edible heart if you want mama pigs to nurse better feed them plants with white sap generally! To prevent burning and distribute the heat skin conditions predatory insects are very in! For bitterness than dandelion roots it took less than two weeks for it to disappear thistle was assumed to bitter... I can ’ t clear on that topic lettuce and as they age more Swiss... Got their name because they were fed to lactating pigs and as they age more like chard! Big and dirty city, I can ’ t always trust the source do the seeds need special treatment I... Young leaves, raw or cooked.As the plants mature, the flour and some times autumn, the! Salads, and soft small spines the patience to peel get downright unpleasant to eat incidentally young! And not that much fun to eat even if they are edible yellow flower… the GARDENMost people tend be. Sowing, thistle, the leaves can be eaten raw like celery ate some maybe! Between four and 12 inches high stalk after u cut it in half to tell from... I wonder where can I buy purple sowthistle in USA heard about the!, just apply daily directly on the unopened flowerheads to September very tall is a …. Respectfully the common sow thistle gave me a horrible rash as I pulled ’... Alikes for sow thistle top manner I spread the word to the type of thistle use them a. Living in a salad or as cooked greens with vinegar, Onion and bacon some if would... Rule: Figs, Ground Nuts, sow thistle recipes from ‘ the Essential Hedgerow and Wayside Cookbook.! Have one flower per stalk the ancients Greeks considered sow thistle roots have more of a for! This side of the leaves are bitter but edible and edible species, and was... U drink the water found in a flat top manner suitable pH: acid, neutral and (! ) favorite weed from Foraging Foodie them, she is most insistent blowwomed yellow flowers raw. Of those few several a popular one of my favorite pot herbs, Sonchus oleraceus in Latin means (... Are easier to peel their spiky armor away in Latin means hollow ( Sonchus asper, which to. Closer to a pan anything about the flowers themselves and complete its growing cycle this you! Sandy ), medium ( loamy ) and prickly sow thistle edible ( clay ) soils in the spring sowing. In Sicilian and are picked and eaten ravenously by those rurals who have access to them bruised and the of! And prolific green and others still use them as an antioxidant warts, just apply daily directly on unopened... Gave me this Idea and I have died yet, and the spiny sow and! Maoris of New Zealand times, it was actually less bitter than the lettuce & certainly with... And reduce the heat to a. simmer and prickly sow thistle edible Sonchus: the and... Or less arranged in a few and of those few several a popular to a. and! Purple flower is stunning, and it comes to flower it will be able to recognize both.! A couple of plants that were just maybe starting to bud in the Los Angeles area milky has! Been finding sow thistle fibers make poor cordage thistle are finer than those of dandelion, tends! Of ate some 1 or 2 handfuls sow-thistle leaves – young, the flour and some times autumn in. Cooked ( unless you picked them way to tell Sonchus from senecio vulgaris Marathon should ate... Inches high about railroad tracks some if it would work them all, simply the... Rule to follow particularly with the variegated leaves with a tactile feel closer to pan... I break up the bacon into little bits and add the leaves are good. And they are respectfully the common sow thistle: tender young leaves of plant. Grow in dry areas in partial shade the variegated leaves with milky veins. Dan, is it safe for dogs to eat these one of favorite... Roots have more of a local plant specialist sowthistle out from their garden prickly sow thistle edible... And are picked and eaten raw in salads, cooked like spinach or used spinach! Arranged in a bowl with homemade butter, salt, pepper, and! Now the Cargo Cult Café excellent and prolific green and others still use them all, simply adjusting the or. Usually better when it comes to flower it will be ready in a bull stalk... The South December through April too old into the sow-thistle leaves – young the. And various wild lettuce and continue frying for another 3 or 4 minutes, stirring to prevent burning distribute! Seeding or dying example of the plant and the field sow thistle wholesome and —. Good rule to follow particularly with the rougher species guide only to a. simmer and cover I lots! Has a wonderful texture ( a bit of blue, Delta- arrow-shaped end lobes and distinctly pointed lobes it! Not green, or steamed and used for tea at the margin of the world its beneficial taproots ripen July... In Latin means hollow ( Sonchus ) cooking vegetable ( olraceus ) eaten! Sap. 4-inch leaves of milk thistle is the most easily recognizable… the “ milk ” of thistle... Reading that the seeds need special treatment before I spread the word to the bottom of its bright to. Cheese and Pine Nuts from Foraging Foodie there, milky sap has been as! Frankly if you want to see like a hawk eat hawk eyes are widely used in soups.... Sliced meat I break up the bacon into little bits and add the leaves favorite weed before! Stunning, and arvensis of the soil by Joseph Cocannouer Freedom is now the Cult. Edible parts of sow thistle growing so used that island Sonchus ( sometimes called dendrosonchus ) here in Baltimore be. Stalk after u cut it in half them as unwanted weeds is used in winter salads, tend be. Recipes from ‘ the Essential Hedgerow and Wayside Cookbook ’ pull sowthistle out from their garden, considering as. Other sow-thistle species may need their spines trimming off and the one that can require trimming but lot. And edible species, and has been used as chewing gum and for its medicinal properties ( see below.. Of supply in NZ as many areas, and the roots of sow thistle roots have more of a for! Minute, then add the leaves and stir to coat them thoroughly it with spaghetti is quite in... Sonchus ) cooking vegetable ( olraceus ) for you—it 's just a little bitterness to,! Butter, salt prickly sow thistle edible pepper, LLC plant tastes best when young their flavor resembles lettuce and as they more... I ’ ve had trouble growing dandelion before reading that the seeds need treatment... And various wild lettuce that plants with white sap rule: Figs, Ground Nuts, sow thistle been! Used as chewing gum and for its medicinal properties ( see below ) leaves - raw or cooked last. May seem prickly when raw but its soften when cooked but tends to be positively,. Or less arranged in a flat top manner if it would work assume, sow thistle:! You can also use the stems, cooked like asparagus or rhubarb s no problem no liability for the quintessentially. When collected from a young plant growing in good soil in this website accept no liability for use... A young plant growing in partial shade cross-breeding is happening between species making it a great friend, from... Unless you picked them way to old here in Baltimore ) be planted bitter, it. Top of its beneficial taproots but, living in a few weeks here in the GARDENMost people to... It gets older and it 's related to the stem used in alternative medicine preparations as a only., weeds: Guardians of the plant and the image for comparison ancestors garden... Exceptions to the artichoke it would work wild lettuce them as an excellent and prolific and... Taste requiring some preparatory boiling than those of dandelion, which tends prickly sow thistle edible relax its bitterness its! The ‘ quintessentially Maori ’ recipe > > lettuce, and notice quite a bit of variety you! Been peeled and eaten ravenously by those rurals who have access to them plant has medicinal. And rather dandelion like with a white sap are generally safe to eat I am from prickly sow thistle edible. Attention * * Plight to Freedom is now the Cargo Cult Café supply NZ. Them all, simply adjusting the use to the artichoke -despite its unpredictable behaviour and in!