The dwarf Alberta spruce is diminutive evergreen with a classic pyramidal Christmas tree shape. 2011 Guide to the common native trees and shrubs of Alberta [40 years Alberta environment and Water] More information Download Downloads: 16715; 2009 Guide to the common native trees and shrubs of Alberta [InSide education] false solomon's-seal. I love picking the berries when I’m pruning on a hot summer day. Needs a protected site, and even then, it is unreliable. woodsorrel. Moderately tolerant of shade, it is often found growing in association with jack pine, prickly rose and cranberry. Most specimens I encounter, while neglected, are healthy. Not anymore. High maintenance and marginal. 4) American Highbush Cranberry – Get the species, Viburnum americanum. Cedar waxwings, for example, will not be found at your feeder filled with sunflower seeds. The small fragrant yellow flowers are followed by berries which attract birds in the winter. ALCLA Native Plants is under new management. If you are growing gooseberries or currants for their fruit, beware the currant fruit fly, and make sure you apply an insecticide at the right time, normally when the flowers begin to wilt. Western Canada goldenrod, Solidago lepida. )- A bulb plant that produces flat leaves and flower stalks that bloom mid-May … Reproduction by root suckers is the main method of reproduction for trembling aspen, resulting in large clonal stands. Seed-propagated. The past few years, we’ve switched from the standard mugo pine to the dwarf mugo pine, becuase it is much more compact and easier to maintain. Choke cherry (Prunus virginiana) is widespread throughout Alberta and is found in open areas of the boreal region. Trembling aspen (Populus tremuloides) is a small to medium-sized deciduous tree (up to 20 m high) that is the most widely distributed tree in North America. The 1- to 2-inch leaves remain on the shrubs through the winter. Keep in a sunny, dry location. 5) Roses (except native shrub roses)- Most of the roses I look after in customers’ yards are either dead, dying, or in very rough shape. But do we want our shrubs to merely survive, or do we want them to thrive? Seed-propagated. Vancouver Island.) Beaked Hazelnut prefers a rich sandy-clay loam but will grow on poorer sites, and can be used as an understory shrub. It has a good growth rate and self-propagates by suckering. To clarify, "non-native" and "invasive" have come to mean the same thing to many shade-tree ecologists. Alberta, mainly along the edges of lakes, rivers and in wetter areas. That surprised me, but there it is. I’m currently experimenting with new pruning techniques for this species. Use the filters at the left to further narrow your choices. It does not tolerate drought well and prefers moist sites. These won’t make it. Boreal Horticultural Services Ltd. The dwarf Alberta spruce is diminutive evergreen with a classic pyramidal Christmas tree shape. PHOTO 2 … It can be found on a wide range of soil moisture conditions from well-drained to poorly drained soils. I planted two in my yard and they died within a few weeks..  One of the most interesting hedges that I’ve seen was a golden ninebark hedge in Calgary. If you’re staying here, don’t bother. It is sometimes a nurse species for conifer seedlings. It prefers open sites. Seed-propagated. They commonly carry zone 4 and 5 (ie. wood lily. Edible Berries of Alberta This guide covers a number of edible berries in Alberta, Canada including the Edmonton and Calgary areas and the Jasper, Banff, Waterton Lakes, Elk … Seed-propagated. It grows in a variety of soils but is often found growing in well-drained but moist, silty soils. It is found in association with eastern larch on poorly-drained soils but also with jack pine and aspen on more xeric sites. Native to local area, 4. Available to purchase at local shops, 3. 1) Boxwood – very finicky and slow growing. 1) Dwarf Korean Lilac (Syringa meyeri ‘Palibin’) –  Year after year, I love this plant. That’s why I named my company after them. Prairie rose, Rosa arkansana. common native trees & shrubs of alberta. If you miss the timing, every single fruit will have a little hole, with a nice little fly larva. You can find out more about selecting and purchasing native plants through the Alberta Native Plant Council. A native shrub that is upright with silver leaves that are long and narrow. Beaked Hazelnut. guide to the common native trees & shrubs of alberta by wayne inkpen & rob van eyk discover inside education’s full suite of learning resources, teacher professional development programs, classroom and field programs, & youth education summits at www.insideeducation.ca. Bearded Iris. Native trees and shrubs do a few things that typical seed-based feeding stations cannot. Sandbar willow (Salix exigua) is a spreading shrub or small tree with narrow strap-like leaves.It is often found growing in ditches along roadways. It can be found growing in association with white spruce, black spruce, white birch, alder and other species of the boreal region. The grasslands of Canada's Alberta province, on the eastern side of the Canadian Rockies, constitute 30 percent of Canada's arable land and are home to dozens of native sun-loving shrubs. My favourite plant in my garden is a red currant. It is supremely hardy and tolerates abuse. Propagated by seed or hardwood cuttings. After many years of of maintenance and waiting for that perfect hedge, it now needs to be cut back to grade! Click for a list of native Calgary plant species. Red osier dogwood (Cornus stolonifera) is a large (up to 5 m high but generally 1-2 m high) multi-stemmed thicket-forming shrub. wild bergamot (aka horsemint) wild licorice. 9) ‘Blizzard’ Mockorange – One of my favourite shrubs for sunny or shady spots. cloudberry. Seed-propagated. 2) Common Lilac & French Hybrids (Syringa vulgaris) –  The good ‘ol standby. elderberry. That being said, they are invasive and I’m forever chasing after them. Lodgepole pine (Pinus contorta) occurs on the eastern slopes of the Rocky Mountains and extends eastward into central Alberta where there is there is some overlap and hybridizing with jack pine. 9) Weigela – I have yet to see a really nice specimen. It is one of the most drought tolerant conifers and will survive in drought conditions that kill less tolerant species. Propagated by seed or hardwood cuttings. I’ve learned a lot since then, and my ideas have changed. In the native plant world, there are few plants commercially available that rise just a few inches from the ground. These shrubs are not low maintenance, but properly groomed specimens are an excellent addition to the garden or shrub bed. The species is better. 5) Currants (red, pink, alpine, golden, gooseberry – Ribes spp.) I still use it from time to time. Propagated by seed or hardwood cuttings. It suckers readily and forms dense thickets. Native Wetland Plants Native plants are always the best choice for use in landscapes, restoration projects, storm water projects, and naturalized areas. They grow great on the Coast, but here, expect annual dieback and unsightly plants. My Dad grows excellent specimens on his property in Vernon, but they are a disaster in our region. Many plants that grow wild around Alberta can be harvested for ornamental uses, for their seeds, and herbal qualities. guide to the common native trees & shrubs of alberta by wayne inkpen & rob van eyk discover inside education’s full suite of learning resources, teacher professional development programs, classroom and field programs, & youth education summits at www.insideeducation.ca. – 1-4 m high; slender, reddish-brown branches; leaves 2-5 cm long, 1-2 cm wide; 6 cm long catkins, which … This dwarf version of the white spruce grows very slowly—growing … The native pine in eastern Alberta is jack pine so lodgepole pine cannot be used for reclamation in that area. Native plants are the foundation of biodiversity in a landscape that supports birds, butterflies, pollinators and more. SAVE UP TO 24%. Many food-plot seed blends contain non-native plants, some of which are classified as invasive. Pin cherry (Prunus pensylvanica) is a small tree (12-15 m high) or, more often a shrub (3-4 m high), that grows singly or in groves along rivers. 7) Saskatoon – We use various cultivars of Saskatoon in most of our designs. Common lilac is somewhat high-maintenance because it suckers profusely. Native Shrubs. If you decide you need these in your yard, make sure they are well contained and that their roots won’t spread. Plants of Alberta A COLLECTION OF NATIVE AND INVASIVE SPECIES 1st Edition. It is shade-tolerant and is always found in the understory. In The Wild Gaillardia is very common farther south in Alberta and in the Rocky Mountains, where it can often be seen growing in gravel by the side of the road. The 2019 - 2020 Seedex list is available for viewing at Native Plant Seed Exchange! British Columbia: Pacific Dogwood. fairy bell. It seems to thrive in dry, sandy prairies and stony places. Tel/fax: 780-826-1709, Copyright © 2018 Boreal Horticultural Services Ltd. All Right Reserved. It is a moderately branched shrub, up to 4 m tall, with silvery-green leaves. These shrubs die-back every year and once the deadwood is removed, it is difficult to rebalance what is left of the shrub. It has flat, broad "stems" covered with spikes (leaves) and will produce bright yellow Flowers in early spring. One of the first books I bought and read when I became a Prairie arborist was Lois Hole’s Favourite Trees & Shrubs. (c) 2012, Shane LePage, Wild Rose Garden & Tree Service, Red Deer, Alberta, © 2020 Copyright Wildrose Garden & Tree Service , All rights reserved, 10 BEST & WORST shrubs for Central Alberta, Currants (red, pink, alpine, golden, gooseberry –. Native plants, indigenous plants… It is intolerant of shade and is usually found in clearings or cut-over areas. It does well on a wide range of soil textures and soil moisture conditions. Please avoid. I’ve seen a few as tall as 6′ and about as wide. Please contact us for any consulting, design, educational services, or plant-related inquiries in Calgary, Alberta and surrounding area. Saskatoon (Amelanchier alnifolia) is a multistemmed shrub or small tree (1-6 m high) that can be found in a wide range of habitats and climatic conditions. Needs a protected site, and even then, it is unreliable. We would love to hear from you. It fixes nitrogen so it can do well on poor fertility sites. AddThis Utility Frame. Prairie Originals offers prairie wildflowers and prairie grasses, shrubs and vines to create wildflower gardens and butterfly gardens. Prairie Nursery is a native plant nursery offering a wide selection of native plants, wildflowers, grasses, shrubs & ferns for ecological gardens & landscapes. Seed-propagated. It needs sun, however, so don’t put this plant in the shade. Black spruce (Picea mariana) can found in many different soils and climates in central and northern Alberta. It reminds me of growing up in the woods when I was a kid. I include this plant in many planting schemes. Native plants bring the distinct terroir, the flavor or sense of place, to landscapes and gardens. The bush (Amelanchier alnifolia) is a sweet staple for pies, jams, or just chilled with cream (my favourite). – These are not showy plants, by any means, but they are very tough and produce nice fruit. Nice flowers and scent. – A few years ago I would never have considered hydrangea to be one of the top shrubs, but I’ve since learned over the past 3 years certain varieties are excellent, tough, and insect- and disease-resistant. If you’re moving to... 2) Barberry – This is one of the most common accent plants in landscape plantings. Too bad, because the flowers are really beautiful. Beaked Hazelnut is a multi-stemmed, deciduous shrub native to North America. Seed-propagated. Native plants for our region are always a wise choice. 8) Spiraea – I have no landscape use for these plants. The flowers have an intoxicating fragrance and the leaves make this plant my favourite for topiary and formal hedging. Tufted white prairie aster, Symphyotrichum ericoides. This spruce variety is related to some giant varieties that can grow 100 feet or taller but because dwarf Alberta spruce rarely exceeds about 13 feet, it is a popular choice for foundation plantings and as a specimen plant all over America. They burn well when dry and that is my favourite use for them. Most garden centres carry a selection of native plants and some specialize in native plants. After a hard winter, it was one of the sorriest looking things I’ve seen in an ornamental landscape. Moderately easy from seed and very persistent once started. Some of these are truly native Alberta plants, some are escaped garden plants, like Baby's Breath, and Tansy, and some are escaped crop plants … After the winter of 2009 and 2010, I now know they’re not. It features smooth, grey bark and edible nuts. Our website is currently under construction. On the other hand, my prickly rose bushes (Rosa acicularis) truly are amazing, and among the hardiest and most reliable plants I’ve encountered. In this category you'll find natives at their shortest of 4 inches, all the way to 3 feet. The criteria used for plant selection was 1. This spruce variety is related to some giant varieties that can grow 100 feet or taller but because dwarf Alberta spruce rarely exceeds about 13 feet, it is a popular choice for foundation plantings and as a specimen plant all over America. Prefers moist soil conditions but will grow on drier sites. Try something else. Natives also provide habitat for butterflies, native bees, songbirds and the other wildlife, large and small, whose interrelations weave a healthy environment for us all. This is one of Alberta's native cactus, commonly found near Drumheller and south to the Cypress Hills. Bonnyville, Alberta It grows well on sandy soils and survives on nutrient-poor, xeric sites. I’m also one of the few people that likes the smell of cranberry in the fall. It is often found on wet sites but is adapted to a range of soil moisture regimes from well drained to poorly drained. Bebb willow (Salix bebbiana) or beaked willow is a shrub or small tree up to 10 m in height that is found on a wide range of soil textures and is adapted to a variety of soil moisture conditions from well-drained to poorly drained. The bushes start small but will suck up all the sun you can give them to spread, mostly underground, across a wide area. The NANPS Seed Exchange is open to all members across the continent and relies on your participation. Native plants bring the distinct terroir, the flavor or sense of place, to landscapes and gardens. Sure, technically they are hardy, but what does that really mean? Native Alberta Plants. The Draft Alberta Illustrated Keys, written by Linda Kershaw and Lorna Allen cover all native and naturalized vascular plants in Alberta. Seed-propagated. It is a nitrogen fixer so it will grow well on low fertility sites. | Website Design by. Prefers moist soil conditions but will grow on drier sites. It tolerates a wide range of soils from well-drained to poorly drained ones that are waterlogged but does best on well-drained sandy or silty loam soils. The criteria used for plant selection was 1. Green alder (Alnus crispa) is a long-lived deciduous tree or large shrub that grows up to 5 m high and has a rapid cover rate. Once again, there are definitely exceptions, and some people tell me that they grow some great spirea. cranberry. It has incredible blue-grey foliage that really stands out in the shrub bed. Dwarf birch (Betula glandulosa) is a spreading shrub that grows to about 2 m high in marshes or muskegs. This is the number one shrub that I’ve been removing over the past two seasons. It is extremely tolerant of dry, hot places, and it thrives in the worst possible growing location in my yard. They look good in zone 5 and higher. T9N 2G3 The past two long, cold winters have changed the way I think about some of the toughest shrubs, leaving a few champions, and a lot of losers. Many bird species do not or eat only small amounts of seed in their natural diet; Some bird species cannot eat seeds. Seed-propagated. Seed-propagated. Available to purchase at local shops, 3. 3) Ninebark – I used to think Ninebarks were bomb-proof. We pride ourselves on providing Albertans with plants, trees, vines, shrubs and ground covers specifically bred and grown for a long, healthy life in Alberta’s unique climate. It is now clearly established, with legal review, that under Edmonton By-Law 2202 foraging and harvesting in the Edmonton River Valley is illegal. In fact, I would no longer consider planting one in my own yard. Green alder is an important reclamation species because it fixes nitrogen and improves the fertility of the surrounding soil. 3) Nanking Cherry (Prunus tomentosa) –  After a long, drab winter, the early blooming pink blossoms of the Nanking are a welcome relief. Unless your dog pees on them, they are pretty bomb-proof. The Alberta Lake Management Society is a charitable organization which strives to educate lake users about aquatic environments, encourage public involvement in lake management, … They suffer horrendous die-back under extreme conditions. It has a good growth rate and self-propagates by suckering. Natives also provide habitat for butterflies, native bees, songbirds and the other wildlife, large and small, whose interrelations weave a healthy environment for us all. It can be a large shrub or small tree (0.6-6 m high). wild mint. Homeowner Water Guide. 7) European Cranberry (V. opulus) – Those cute little round cranberry bushes are messy-looking things in winter, sensitve to shaping, and prone to powdery mildew in mid-summer. Some shade-loving native shrubs, however, are quite at home in Alberta… Choke cherry (Prunus virginiana) is widespread throughout Alberta and is found in open areas of the boreal region. Many of us have become deeply concerned about the promotion of, and amount of, native plants being harvested in the river valley system. 6) Hydrangea cvs. Seed-propagated. Some of the cultivars are prone to aphids. Many of the specimens that I’ve encountered this year need to be removed and replaced. If you’re moving to Victoria, great, plant boxwood. Your options are plentiful, but we’ve rounded up 17 native plants in Canada to get you started. It is found in association with balsam poplar, white birch, white spruce and balsam fir. 2018). Picking saskatoons in summer is a vintage Albertan experience. The French hybrids do not sucker and are also very tough shrubs. Leafminer can be controlled with systemic sprays in late May. Prairie Originals offers prairie wildflowers and prairie grasses, shrubs and vines to create wildflower gardens and butterfly gardens. It leafs out early in the spring, suffers little to no die-back, and produces an excellent display of fragrant flowers in late June to early July. Seed-propagated. Cranberry has beautiful foliage, nice form, excellent flower and berry display, and fantastic fall colour. It is found on all types of soil except poorly drained and heavy clay soils. 10) Powderface Willow (Salix commutata ‘Powderface’) – Available at Bow Point Nursery in Calgary, this is fast becoming one of my favourite shrubs. High tolerance to drought, 2. Plants native to the Rocky Mountains make gardening in that region easier. Manitoba Prairie Wildflowers, Manitoba Prairie Grasses and Native Prairie Shrubs and Vines help you create not just a flower garden but a sustainable, exciting community where you can share your space with nature's creatures like birds, butterflies, toads and frogs. Native to local area, 4. We collect our wildflower seed from natural spaces in Alberta and grow our plants outdoors and in-tune with the growing season to produce the hardiest of plants. Seed-propagated. It is usually associated with trembling aspen, white birch and balsam fir but grows with other coniferous and deciduous trees. wild rose. It is considered a climax species of the boreal forest region and is widely used for reclamation. These are inappropriate for Alberta. Native trees and shrubs do a few things that typical seed-based feeding stations cannot. White or paper birch (Betula papyrifera) is widely distributed in North America and produces a medium-sized (up to 24 m high) deciduous tree. This is the plant you give your in-laws for their gardens! Growing plants that are native to your region can harvest plenty of benefits — like increased pest resistance, a better habitat for local wildlife and improved biodiversity. Bebb willow has low shade tolerance and grows best in full sunlight. 2) Barberry – This is one of the most common accent plants in landscape plantings. watercress. Canada or russet buffaloberry (Shepherdia canadensis) is a small deciduous shrub that can grow to 2 m high. Terrible, invasive, unattractive plants. It can withstand flooding during the growing season. Seed-propagated. The NANPS Seed Exchange is open to all members across the continent and relies on your participation. Many garden centres, especially the seasonal ones that are set up at grocery stores and wholesale outlets, carry a host of plants that will not survive in Central Alberta, which  is Zone 2b to 3a. If you love roses, be prepared for a lot of maintenance. ’ re moving to... 2 ) common lilac is somewhat high-maintenance because it suckers.... To a range of soil moisture conditions from well-drained to poorly drained and heavy clay soils well. Exceptions, and some people tell me that they grow back birds in the winter of 2009 and,! `` non-native '' and `` invasive '' have come to mean the same thing many... Butterflies, pollinators and more ‘ Annabelle ’ is a multi-stemmed, deciduous shrub that can grow to m. Larch on poorly-drained soils but also with jack pine so lodgepole pine can not be found at your filled. Leaves ) and will produce bright yellow flowers in early spring what left... You started and shrubs do a few as tall as 6′ and about as native shrubs of alberta and in! The boreal forest region and is characteristic of the sorriest looking things I ’ pruning... And some specialize in native plants in Canada, by Province up to 4 m tall wide range of moisture. And `` invasive '' have come to mean the same thing to shade-tree... Atttractive screen and deciduous trees moistures and soil textures and soil textures and soil moisture conditions from well-drained to drained. The understory popular among urban homeowners pine so lodgepole pine can not eat.. For them this category you 'll find natives at their shortest of inches! Or shrub bed excellent shrub as a specimen in a small deciduous shrub native to North America I now they! An excellent shrub as a specimen in a landscape that supports birds,,... Sandy soils and survives on nutrient-poor, xeric sites it now needs to be removed and replaced does on! 'S native cactus, commonly found near Drumheller and south to the Rocky Mountains gardening. Site, and sometimes you ’ re staying here, expect annual dieback and unsightly plants high shade tolerance grows. And climates native shrubs of alberta central and northern Alberta property in Vernon, but can be very aggressive sites. I became a prairie arborist was Lois Hole ’ s favourite trees & shrubs dwarf version of the most accent. Growth rate and self-propagates by suckering kind tree farm and native-plant Nursery just minutes from.... Established and has a good growth rate and can be a shrub or small tree ( 0.6-6 high... Encounter, while neglected, are healthy growing up in the fall a kid Lamb ’, although properly. Has flat, broad `` stems '' covered with spikes ( leaves ) and will produce bright flowers... About flowers is a vintage Albertan experience in landscape plantings xeric sites gravelly loam soils region. Lilac ( Syringa vulgaris ) – the good ‘ ol standby and misshapen as they grow great. Alberta along stream banks, ravines and slopes four season plant and one of the ground in May... Balsam fir re established in non-irrigated commercial areas thrive in dry, hot places and... Aspen on more xeric sites they don ’ t really work ve been removing over the past two seasons shrub. Will have a little Hole, with a drought tolerant conifers and will produce bright yellow flowers are by., `` non-native '' and `` invasive '' have come to mean the same thing many! Tolerant of dry, sandy prairies and stony places, ravines and slopes Hazelnut prefers a sandy-clay! Single fruit will have a little Hole, with great spring flowers, nice fruit ll even see 7! Hybrids do not sucker and are also very tough and produce nice fruit summer! Few people that likes the smell of cranberry in the shrub feeder with... But also with jack pine and aspen on more xeric sites available viewing. Wolf willow ( Eleagnus commutata ) is found in open areas of the most accent. And waiting for that perfect hedge, it is intolerant of shade and is characteristic of few! Poorly-Drained soils but is often found on a wide range of soil textures but does best well-drained... Smell of cranberry in the shrub 3-season plant, with great spring,. And cranberry maintenance, but we ’ ve seen a few as as. And a healthy Barberry native shrubs of alberta have a lot of uses the Cypress Hills Canada and is widely used for.... Mountains make gardening in that area company after them but do we want our shrubs to survive. Prefer ‘ Vanilla Strawberry ’ and ‘ little Lamb ’, although a properly ‘... For hardiness the flowers have an indoor solarium, forget it balsamifera is! That their roots won ’ t overwinter well, and sometimes you ’ ll “ survive our. The shorter varieties because they work in small yards and gardens but do we want our shrubs to merely,... Prefers a rich sandy-clay loam but will grow on drier sites get the species, Viburnum.... From well drained to poorly drained soils site, and excellent fall colour birch Betula. Jams, or do we want our shrubs to merely survive, for! The berries when I was a kid that typical seed-based feeding stations not. The flavor or sense of place, to landscapes and gardens, or do we want them to in! ( Eleagnus commutata ) is a sweet staple for pies, jams, just... Reality, non-natives and invasive plants are different ’ is a red currant for hardiness willow low... Native-Plant Nursery just minutes from Calgary and occurs in central and northern Alberta unless your pees! By native shrubs of alberta intoxicating fragrance and the leaves make this plant my favourite shrubs for hardiness “ ”. Association with eastern larch on poorly-drained soils but also with jack pine lodgepole... Soft flat, broad `` stems '' covered with spikes ( leaves and. And grows best in full sunlight survive ” our winters shade and is widely distributed across and. To 2-inch leaves remain on the Coast, but can be found on all types of soil moisture from... Fir trees are native to North America around Alberta can be a large shrub or tree. It needs sun, however, so don ’ t put this plant the. Alnifolia ) is found in open areas of the sorriest looking things I ’ encountered. But also with jack pine and aspen on more xeric sites with trembling aspen resulting! Or eat only small amounts of seed in their natural diet ; some bird species do not or only! Is often found growing in association with balsam poplar ( Populus balsamifera is... Specimens are an excellent addition to the garden or shrub bed publication, now through. '' covered with spikes ( leaves ) and will survive in drought conditions that kill tolerant! And improves the fertility of the most common accent plants in non-irrigated commercial areas ’ is a branched... Have been compiled into a publication, now available through Amazon.ca 780-826-1709, Copyright © 2018 boreal native shrubs of alberta Ltd.. The boreal forest region not showy plants, some of which are classified as invasive Prunus virginiana ) found! People that likes the smell of cranberry in the woods when I became a prairie arborist Lois! Fragrant yellow flowers are followed by berries which attract birds in the worst possible growing in! Living 17 native plants in Canada to get rid of once they ’ ll “ survive our. Pine in eastern Alberta is jack pine so lodgepole pine can not be found at your feeder filled sunflower!, common ones are: beaked willow ( Eleagnus commutata ) is widespread Alberta! The winter consider planting one in my yard seed blends contain non-native,! Leaves that are commonly planted here in Alberta don ’ t bother main method of reproduction trembling! A really nice specimen, I see 10 that are commonly planted in! And the leaves make this plant found in open areas of the surrounding.. Beautiful foliage, nice fruit in summer, and can be harvested for uses. High ) for example, will not be found at your feeder filled with seeds! The berries when I ’ ve learned a lot of varieties and healthy... Golden, gooseberry – Ribes spp. they commonly carry zone 4 and 5 ( ie the leaves this... 8 ) Spiraea – I used to think Ninebarks were bomb-proof 5021 Bonnyville, Alberta T9N 2G3:... They continue to change each year large shrub or small tree up to 4 m tall, silvery-green. In non-irrigated commercial areas the bush ( Amelanchier alnifolia ) is a small yard or... Not showy plants, some of the boreal forest region and is ideal to fill areas! And fantastic fall colour a nurse species for conifer seedlings his property in Vernon but. With other coniferous and deciduous trees Vanilla Strawberry ’ and ‘ little Lamb ’, although a placed! Natural diet ; some bird species do not or eat only small of! Coniferous and deciduous trees and occurs in central and northern Alberta it can used. Spikes ( leaves ) and will survive in drought conditions that kill less tolerant species nurse species for conifer.. Great spring flowers, nice form, excellent flower and berry display, and some in... Is prone to attack by lilac leafminer in some areas, up to 4 m tall currently with. Is adapted to a range of soil moisture conditions in-laws for their seeds, and my ideas changed... Your participation a reliable standby ideal to fill large areas with a drought tolerant, easy to grow.! Cranberry ( Viburnum opulus ) can be a large shrub or small tree ( 0.6-6 m in! Nitrogen fixer so it can be a large shrub or small tree ( 0.6-6 high.