The following is a list of landscape plants rated according to their resistance to deer damage. Pieris has glossy dark green leaves year-round and drooping white flower clusters in early spring that attract bumblebees and other pollinators. The Ask UNH Extension Infoline offers practical help finding answers for your home, yard, and garden questions. Got questions? These shrubs come in many shapes and sizes, so you can just about guarantee you’ll find more than a few that are just right for your situation. The plant also is tolerant of drought, erosion, and salt. Like deer-resistant shrubs, there also are several deer-resistant trees—including flowering, shade, and evergreen varieties—for landscaping. You get a 3-for-1 deal with arrowwood viburnum (Viburnum dentatum). Ginkgo (Ginkgo Biloba) – Zones 3-9. Some shrubs might die without an obvious cause, so choose a planting area that allows for easy removal if necessary. Even with many of the shrubs and trees deer tend to avoid they may still … Though boxwood does not sport showy flowers, its deep green foliage grows densely and can form a good screen. Gardeners in New Hampshire, particularly those in the southern counties and along the Connecticut River Valley, will undoubtedly come into conflict with deer at some point in time. While no plant is ever entirely safe from deer, the following selections usually escape damage in all but the leanest of times. Common boxwood (Buxus sempervirens) has long been a favorite shrub for hedges, and it is one of the most deer-tolerant plants for gardens. Mountain laurel is a great choice for landscapes in part shade with moist, acidic, well-drained soil. Mountain laurel (Kalmia latifolia) is one of the few native evergreen shrubs that deer largely ignore. The foliage on many boxwoods is glossy and rich green in color. If you are planting evergreens for privacy, the last thing you want to worry about is deer damage. One important thing to note is that Eastern red cedar is an alternate host for cedar apple rust and should not be planted near apples or crabapples. David Beaulieu is a garden writer with nearly 20 years experience writing about landscaping and over 10 years experience working in nurseries. How can I save some for the monarch butterflies but keep it from spreading. In general, prune roses in the early spring before blooms start to show. So keep this in mind when searching for deer resistant plants and trees; there is no such thing as deer-proof plants. As a zone 5 shrub, pieris tends to be most vigorous and suffer the least winter damage in southern New Hampshire. Inkberry (Ilex glabra) is a native evergreen holly species that is popular as a screen in garden settings because it is adaptable to both well-drained and wet soils. Spring Glory Forsythia. Milkweed is taking over my perennial garden. (Myrica spp.) It will be at its best when planted in full sun in consistently moist, acidic soil. Deer … But while bees and butterflies like its flowers, the plant's heavy scent repels deer. It is drought-tolerant and deer-resistant. Shrubs and Trees Deer Won’t Eat Highbush Cranberry. Its fragrance is one of the true delights of the spring garden, but the aroma and poisonous berries are distasteful to deer. Note that no plant is completely "deer-proof" , particularly when deer … The leaves are leathery, dark green and otherwise similar to those of rhododendrons. Boxwood is hardy to zone 5 but may suffer damage in harsh winters. Eastern red cedar is a native needled evergreen that has overlapping scale-like leaves. Many selections of this wonderfully easy ground cover are evergreen … Here are 10 varieties of deer-resistant shrubs. Learn tips for creating your most beautiful (and bountiful) garden ever. Some evergreens are less likely to be eaten by deer in winter than others, including Japanese red cedar, Hinoki cypress, Bosnian pine and most firs and spruce. It will bloom summer through fall with very fragrant flowers that attract … It's generally low maintenance, though you might have to remove suckers to prevent new plants from spreading where you don't want them. Check out some of the best deer resistant plants prone to thriving in Wisconsin. This deer-resistant shrub bears reddish fall foliage and bluish berries in addition to white flowers in the spring. See the List of Deer Resistant Trees below that can withstand deer damage or they are trees the deer avoid altogether.. Damage to landscape trees has become an increasing issue because of rising deer population, and the spreading of suburban development into the deer… Plant height varies considerably, depending on variety, so make sure to choose a form that will suit your landscape needs. Buxus sempervirens is a plant deer don't like to eat because its evergreen foliage is aromatic (but please note, not all fragrant plants are resistant to deer.). Bluebeard or the blue mist shrub (Caryopteris) blooms in late summer at a time when relatively few bushes are flowering. Chinese juniper is also susceptible to cedar apple rust and should not be grown in the vicinity of apples. Bayberry (Myrica pensylvanica) is native to eastern North America, and it's a deer-resistant shrub you are more likely to see in the wild there than in people's yards. Fortunately, there are some evergreen shrubs that are mostly avoided by deer. Apples – the eating kind and crab-apples too – are very popular, and deer … A favorite of just about every gardener who fights dry, shady conditions, epimedium is a knockout perennial with cute flowers (in shades of pink, red, orange, white, and yellow) and deer-resistant foliage. The plant features small, rounded, glossy green leaves and tiny, insignificant flowers. Andromeda (Pieris japonica) is a dense, flowering, deer-resistant shrub. Although it is an evergreen, it looks best in the early spring when its showy flowers bloom and give off a powerful aroma. Fast-growing evergreens that possess one or more of these qualities may prevent deer damage in your landscape. Some gardeners even choose to trim the stems down to the ground in early winter to give their landscape a cleaner look. Deer-Resistant Evergreens. Additionally, most young trees are like dessert to deer. It is considered a staple in formal gardens due to its tolerance of pruning and shearing. Whenever someone asks me what to do about a nasty deer problem in … Boxwoods (Buxus) are broadleaf evergreens, meaning they have broad leaves like deciduous plants but keep their leaves in the winter. Kathleen Miller is a Master Gardener and Horticulturist with over 30 years experience in gardening and sustainable farming. Introducing "One Thing": A New Video Series, The Spruce Gardening & Plant Care Review Board, The Spruce Renovations and Repair Review Board, Daphne (Daphne x burkwoodii 'Carol Mackie'). Using a fence is one of the best prevention methods against deer … Prune the shrub once a year after it's done flowering to control its height. River Birch, Betula nigra: Curling off white bark, tolerant to wet soil, grows to 40’-70’, fast growth … The plant spreads via underground runners and does not require much maintenance besides some pruning to keep it looking neat. It is often used in landscapes due to its abundant, unusual flowers in late spring. In many cases, proximity to a house is not enough to deter hungry deer in the latter half of winter. Deer are often the cause of damage to trees by two ways, eating or rubbing or both. Some animals still might choose to take a bite out of these shrubs, especially if food options are limited. So, even after investing in some deer proof plants, consider protecting any saplings. To keep the plant well-shaped and flowering, cut it back by about half in the early spring. It is the fragrance of bayberry that deters deer from eating it. Blue star juniper (Juniperus squamata 'Blue Star') is a small, slow-growing, rounded bush that is a good choice where a bluish accent is needed. Eastern red cedar (Juniperus virginiana) is likely the closest alternative to arborvitae that can be grown in New Hampshire. Which evergreen shrubs for privacy are deer resistant? Planting deer resistant evergreen plants, for example, can help to create a beautiful green space all year long. Quick Growing, Deer-Resistant Trees Fruits, nuts and flower buds make up the bulk of a deer’s diet. In many locations in New Hampshire, the evergreen foliage tends to turn brownish-yellow when plants are grown in areas with full sun and winter winds. Plants can grow in full sun to shade, but their leaves and branches aren’t as dense in the shade, and plants are less vigorous. Tips for Deterring Deer From Entering Your Yard and Garden, 15 Recommended Flowering Shrubs for Your Home, 29 Shrubs That Grow in Full or Partial Shade, 10 Best Flowering Plants That Deer Will Not Eat. Many additional cultivated varieties have been introduced to the nursery trade that have blooms in various shades of pink, red and combinations thereof. This smell is what makes deer recoil and avoid eating the plant. Boxwoods are among the most versatile broadleaf evergreens for a deer-resistant garden. Juniper varieties are members of the cypress family and give off a heavy fragrance. Deer-Resistant Flowering Trees and Shrubs Turning to flowering trees, besides the issue of winter damage, some trees have fruit that attractive deer, or even moose and elk. These plants are magnets for pollinators—hence their common name—but deer tend to avoid them. Boxwoods often have a heavy but pleasant scent. Meanwhile, blue rug juniper (Juniperus horizontalis 'Blue Rug') often serves as a ground cover on hillsides. Male deer also cause damage by rutting or rubbing their antlers along the stems or trunks of trees and stripping off bark. As with other types of plants (shrubs, perennials, etc.) Copyright © 2020 University of New Hampshire, TTY Users: 7-1-1 or 800-735-2964 (Relay NH). Boxwood is best suited to sheltered locations where it will have some protection. Inkberry is likely the best native shrub to grow as an informal hedge. Candy Oh is a favored variety known for its fragrance and vibrant coloring. 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